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Hilarion (Kapral) of New York

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{{orthodoxyinaustralasiaorthodoxyinamerica}}Metropolitan '''Metropolitan Hilarion (Kapral) of Sydney, Australia Eastern America and New ZealandYork''' is the ruling bishop First Hierarch of the [[Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|Diocese of Australia and New Zealand]] in the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] (ROCOR). He is also the First Hierarch-elect of the ROCOR and is scheduled to be was formally [[enthronement|enthroned ]] on [[May 18]], 2008 with . He also remains the ruling bishop of the title ''Metropolitan [[Diocese of Eastern America Australia and New York, First Hierarch Zealand (PrimateROCOR) |Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia''Australia and New Zealand]].
==Early Life==
Metropolitan Hilarion’s parents – his father Alexei Kapral, and his mother, Euphrosynia (nee Kasyaniuk) – were from the village of Obenizha in Volyhn, Ukraine. In 1929, Alexei during the Polish occupation, the local populace was persecuted and Evfrosinia Kapral moved from oppressed by Poles attempting to turn Western Ukraine into a Polish province. Thus, the 19-year-old Alexei and his young wife decided to Albertaemigrate to Canada. At the time, the Canadian government afforded immigrants the opportunity to obtain large tracts of land in Western Canada; it was there that the young family settled. They eventually had seven childrenUpon their arrival in the province of Alberta, the Kapral family received 160 acres of untilled land, as well as $100 in cash, a hammer, and an axe, with which to build themselves a home. In the lastdeveloping Spirit River region, Igorthere were some 200 Ukrainians, being born and in 1948view of the oncoming cold, they quickly built themselves houses. The great economic crisis of 1929-1930 affected the settlers as well, making an already hard life even more difficult. To find work, Alexei Kapral had to travel far from home, and he earned but 25 cents per day. In 1967Nonetheless, the family grew ever larger – five boys and two girls filled the house with children’s voices, speaking Ukrainian at home, but the afe children had English as their first language. Their parents also spoke Russian and Polish. The youngest member of 19the family was Igor, the future Metropolitan Hilarion. He was born on [[January 6]], 1948, in Spirit River, Igor enrolled and spent his childhood in the country. He had to walk 2.5 miles to school every day, and describes his childhood as "pleasant...absolutely free of any harmful influences"[[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/engdocuments/enart_mhinterviewpriesthood.html]. Later he transferred to another school in Blueberry Creek, but returned to finish high school. In 1966, he found a spiritual director, Right Reverend Sava (Saracevic), Bishop of Edmonton, a Serb who greatly revered our Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary Hierarch St. John (JordanvilleMaximovitch, New York+1966)|. From his youth, Igor felt drawn to the Church, and loved to read books and periodicals on religion and morals. From a young age, around 6 or 7, he knew that he wanted to become a priest. He went to Holy Trinity Church in Spirit River, part of ROCOR and composed of ethnic Ukrainians. Services were held monthly or bi-monthly, and often Archbishop Panteleimon would celebrate these services. Abp Panteleimon was revered by Igor, and he was told by Abp Panteleimon that "someday you will be a priest"[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/engdocuments/enart_mhinterviewpriesthood.html]. ==Seminary]]and the Priesthood==In 1967, Jordanville; five when Igor Kapral was 19 years laterold, he graduated from the seminary and entered the [[Holy Trinity Monastery Orthodox Seminary (Jordanville, New York)|attached monasteryHoly Trinity Theological Seminary]] in Jordanville, NY, USA. While here, he was able to learn Russian, as well as a novicesing on the kliros and serve in the altar, learning the order of divine services.
==Holy Trinity Monastery==In 1974From his second year at seminary, Igor was tasked with typesetting Orthodox Life in English, under the editorship of Archimandrite [[tonsureKonstantin (Zaitsev)]]d a rassophor [[monk]] with the name Hilarion (for St Hilarion, Metropolitan of Kiev); Igor soon succeeded him as editor. The next yearAfter some time, he Hieromonk Ignaty (who was ordained in charge of the printery) asked him to do the [[diaconate]] by [[Archbishop]] Averky (Taushev) and began his obedience Russian typesetting as Abp. Averky's cell attendantwell.
On graduating from the Seminary in 1972, Igor entered the [[HierodeaconHoly Trinity Monastery (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Monastery]] Hilarion received as a double honour in 1976[[novice]] (''poslushnik''). On [[December 2]], as it was the year when 1974 he was ordained to the tonsured a [[Monastic Ranks|rassaphore]] [[priestmonk]]hood by with the name Hilarion, in honor of Venerable Schema-monk Hilarion of the Kiev Caves, the famous Metropolitan of Kiev. On [[BishopDecember 4]] , 1975, Archbishop [[Laurus Averky (SkurlaTaushev) of New YorkSyracuse|Averky (Taushev]], +1976), for whom the future Vladyka served as a cell-attendant, [[ordination|Laurusordained]] him a hiero[[deacon]] . As part of Bishop Laurus' push to elevate the quality of Russian language and also when literature instruction at Holy Trinity Seminary, he graduated from Syracuse University with was selected to study a masterMaster's degree in Slavic Studies and Russian Literature. He graduated in 1976, the same year that [[Bishop]] [[Laurus (Skurla) of New York|Laurus]] of Manhattan ordained him a [[hieromonk]]. Fr Hilarion served as a priestmonk at the monastery, continuing his work at the printing press. He was often sent to parishes, replacing absent priests, often traveling to Cleveland and Pennsylvania.
==Episcopacy==
{{orthodoxyinaustralasia}}In 1984, at the young age of 36, Fr Hilarion was consecrated a [[bishop]] by [[Metropolitan ]] [[Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York|Philaret of New York]] and nine other bishops and was appointed to the [[see ]] of Manhattan, charged with overseeing the [[parish]]es in Pennsylvania and the Eastern American diocese and serving as deputy secretary for the Synod of Bishops. In 1995, Bishop Hilarion was transferred to the See of Washington while retaining his residence in New York.
In 1995, Bishop Hilarion was transferred to the See of Washington while retaining his residence in New York. This didn't did not last long, however. The Diocese of Australia and New Zealand was experiencing turmoil, and had not had a ruling bishop for five years; hence in June 1996, recognising his pastoral gifts, as he was simultaneously transferred to the [[Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|Diocese of Australia and New Zealand]] (which was experiencing some problems at that stage) and raised to the rank of [[archbishop]]. Abp Hilarion set establishing the Property Trust as an Act of the New South Wales Parliament, and then rectifying the shortage of priests and beginning missionary work, generally strengthening the diocese and its church life. Further honor came in In 2003 when he was awarded the honour of wearing a diamond [[cross ]] on his [[klobuk]].
Upon Metropolitan Metr. Laurus's death Archbishop Abp. Hilarion was appointed as the temporary head of the ROCOR Synod. On To his dismay, on [[May 12]], 2008, Archbishop Hilarion was elected and elevated as the new Metropolitan of ROCOR, having recieved a vast majority received all but one vote (his own). As First Hierarch, he convenes meetings of the synod (3-4 times each year), meetings of the Council of Bishops, and represents the ROCOR at the Moscow Patriarchate when bishops convene there. In addition, he remains ruling bishop of votesthe diocese of Australia and New Zealand, in addition to also being ruling bishop of the Eastern American diocese.
On the [[December 10]], 2009 Metropolitan Hilarion marked 25 years since the date of [[consecration of a bishop|consecration as a bishop]]. The festivities took place in the [[Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|Diocese of Australia and New Zealand]]. Vladyka Hilarion, notably, is presiding over a period where unity with the Church of Russia is smooth and without inequality, and divisiveness has died down in ROCOR.
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=''unknown''[[Gregory (Grabbe) of Washington and Florida|Gregory (Grabbe)]]|
title=Bishop of Manhattan (ROCOR)|
years=1984-1995|
after=[[Gabriel (Chemodakov) of Manhattan|Gabriel (Chemodakov)]]}}
{{succession|
before=''unknown''Gregory (Grabbe)|
title=Bishop of Washington (ROCOR)|
years=1995-1996|
after=''unknown''—}}
{{succession|
before=[[Paul (Pavlov) of Sydney|Paul (Pavlov)]]|
{{succession|
before=[[Laurus (Skurla) of New York|Laurus (Skurla)]]|
title=Metropolitan of Eastern America and New York|years= 2008-present|after=—}}{{succession|before=[[Laurus (Skurla) of New York|Laurus (Skurla)]]|title=First Hierarch elect of ROCOR|years= 2008-present|
after=—}}
{{end box}}
*[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/eng2008/5enizbrany.html Archbishop Hilarion Is Elected First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia] (ROCOR site)
*[http://www.rocor.org.au/official/hilarionbio_en.html Official biography] from the [[ROCOR]] Australia and New Zealand website
*[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/eng2008/5enmhnastolavaniye.html Photo Report of Enthronement, May 18, 2008]
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:20th-21st-century bishops]]
[[Category:Bishops of Washington]]
[[Category:Bishops of Sydney]]
[[Category:Bishops of New York]]
[[Category:First Hierarchs of the ROCOR]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Australia]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in New Zealand]]
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