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name=Holy Monastery of Hilandar|
founded=1198 by Ss [[Sava of Serbia|Sava]] and [[Simeon the Myrrh-flowing|Simeon]]|
feasts=[[November 21|Presentation]] of the [[Theotokos]]|
Chilandari Monastery''''' (also spelled ''''' Hilandar'''''), is the northern most [[monastery]] located on the northeast side of the Athos Peninsula in northern Greece. The monastery was founded in 1198 by Ss. Sava and Simeon. The monastery has been supported and populated by Serbian [[monk]]s since then. It is ranked fourth in the hierarchical order of the twenty monasteries located on the [[Mount Athos]] peninsula.
After forming the Serbian state [[Stephen Nemanja]], the Grand Župan of Serbia, in the Council of Ras in 1196 established the basis for smooth successions of power within the state. He, then, abdicated in favor of his middle son Stefan and proceeded to pursue a life of spirituality and pray as the monk Simeon. He joined his youngest son, Rastko, who earlier had taken the monastic name of Sava and lived on Mount Athos. With the approval of the Emperor Alexius III Angelicus, who in his
chyrsobull of 1198 declared Chilandari as an independent monastery dedicated to the Serbians, the father and son began restoring the ruins of the old monastery as the foundation of the present day community.
Whereas most of the monastic communities on Mount Athos are built on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea,
Chilandari is located a few kilometers in land. The complex includes within its protective walls a [[katholikon]] and a number of small [[chapel]]s, as well as cells for the monks, guest quarters, a library, treasury, and a hospital.
On [[March 4]], 2004, a major fire sweeps through the monastery that destroyed about half the structures in the monastery. The medieval heirlooms and relics that made up the treasures of the monastery were moved to safety, but major damage was done to the abbot's cell and guest rooms as well as four chapels with the seventeenth and eighteenth century
frescos. Restoration of the damage is on going.
[[Image:Tricherousa.jpg|thumb|left|Icon of [[Panagia Tricherousa]]]]