'''Sophianism''' (from Greek Σοφια "wisdom") is a [[heresy]] which has been condemned by the [[Russian Orthodox Church]]. Sophianism has roots in Wisdom
Theology, nineteenth and twentieth century Russian Theology, preeminently [[Sergius Bulgakov]] through the influence of [[w:Vladimir Solovyov (philosopher)|Vladimir Solovyov]] , and contemporary feminism. Russian Orthodox Priest [[Georges Florovsky]] and Orthodox theologian Vladimir Lossky opposed the interjection of the deity Sophia. [[Vladimir Lossky ]] stated that it was a misguided uniting together of the [[Holy Spirit]] and the [[Virgin Mary]] into a single deity or hypostasis of [[God]].
==Official Pronouncements Condemning Sophianism==
===Decree of ROCOR===
Decision of the Bishops' Council of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad of the 17/30 October 1935 concerning the new teaching of Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov on Sophia, the Wisdom of God:
:"i) To recognize the teaching of Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov on Sophia the Wisdom of God as heretical.
:ii) To inform [[Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris|Metropolitan Evlogy]] of this Decision of the Council and to request that he admonish Archpriest Bulgakov with the intention of prompting him to publicly renounce his heretical teaching concerning Sophia and to make a report about the consequences of such admonition to the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.
:iii) In the event that Archpriest Bulgakov does not repent, the present Decision of the Council which condemns the heresy of Sophianism is to be made known to all Autocephalous Churches." <ref>
The Sophian Heresy and Attempts to Feminize God http://ecumenizm.tripod.com/ECUMENIZM/id17.html], December 13, 2007 </ref>
* Sergei Bulgakov, ''Sophia, the Wisdom of God: An Outline of Sophiology (Library of Russian Philosophy)'', Lindisfarne Books, 1993. (ISBN
-10: 0940262606, ISBN -13: 978-0940262607)
* Vladimir Lossky ''The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church'', SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke & Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9)
* Oleg A. Donskikh, ‘Cultural roots of Russian Sophiology’, ''Sophia'', 34(2), 1995, pp38-57