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Church of Jerusalem

386 bytes removed, 13:12, February 22, 2015
External links: Fixed broken link to CNEWA website.
name= Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem[[Image:Jerusalem logo.gif|center|Church of Jerusalem]]|
founder= The [[Apostles]]|
independence= Traditional |
recognition= 692 451 by [[Quinisext Fourth Ecumenical Council]] |
primate=[[Theophilus III (Giannopoulos) of Jerusalem|Patr. Theophilus]]|
hq=Jerusalem, Israel|
website=[ Church of Jerusalem]
The '''Church of Jerusalem''' is the mother church "Mother of all Churches" of all of Christendom, because it was in Jerusalem that the Church was established on the day of [[Pentecost]] with the descent of the [[Holy Spirit]] on the disciples of [[Jesus Christ]]. From Jerusalem the gospel of Christ was spread to the world.
As Christianity spread, and the persecutions of the Jews by Roman authorities in their homeland increased, causing the dispersion of many of the Christians from Jerusalem, the import of this church and its impact on the ongoing life of the whole Church diminished. As other churches gained ascendency, namely the Churches of [[Church of Rome|Rome]], [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]], [[Church of Alexandria|Alexandria]], and [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]], the Church of Jerusalem was accorded a place of honor with them among the five original Christian [[patriarchate]]s of the Christian world, called the ''[[Pentarchy]]''.
Lately there has been criticism of the church leadership by Palestinian faithful, who accuse the Greek-speaking and largely Greek-born leadership of squandering their money and treating their Arabic-speaking members as second-class faithful.
Following the recent [[deposition ]] of Patriarch [[Irenaios I (Skopelitis) of Jerusalem|Irenaios I]] amidst scandals regarding the transfer of land to Jewish control, the Holy Synod of the church named as their [[locum tenens|temporary primate]] His Eminence Metropolitan [[Cornelius (Rodousakis) of Petra]]. On [[August 22]], 2005, the Holy Synod unanimously elected the former Archbishop of Tabor, [[Theophilus III (Giannopoulos) of Jerusalem|Theophilus]], as the 141st Patriarch of Jerusalem. <!-- ==History==The first Apostolic Council was held in ca. 49-52AD and ruled that the Gentiles do not have to become Jews before becoming Christians. In 70 AD, the Roman Emperor [[w:Titus|Titus]] captured and destroyed Jerusalem. The Jewish temple was demolished, and, under difficult conditions, the Christians moved to Pella on the east bank of the Jordan River. By 135 AD, the Roman Emperor [[w:Hadrian|Hadrian]] built a pagan temple over the ruins of Golgotha and covered the Holy Tomb with dirt. A new Roman city was declared and named ''Aelia Capitolina''. Although Christians were then permitted to return to Jerusalem, the Jewish people were not. In the meantime, Christianity spread throughout Palestine; many communities and episcopacies were created under the primacy of the Metropolitan of Caesaria. By 326 AD, St. Helena visited Jerusalem to rediscover the ruins of the old Jerusalem. During the excavations, she discovered three crosses, and through a miraculous event the [[True Cross]] of Christ was discovered. Her son, St. [[Constantine the Great]] commissioned the demolition of the Roman buildings and the construction of the [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]].
==Holy places of worship==
*The [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)]]
*The prison of Christ
*St. Sion
*St. Bethlahem
*The kathisma of the Panagia
*St. Gethsimani
===Places of importance===
*The Church of the Nativity (Bethlehem)*Holy Fire*Museum of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate*St Michael's Church (Jaffa)*[[St. Catherine's Monastery (Sinai)|Holy Monastery of St. Catherine]] (Mt. [[Mount Sinai]]), also believed to be the site of the [[Burning Bush ]] from the Old Testament, belonging to [[Church of Sinai]].
#The [[Holy Lavra of St. Savvas Savas (Jerusalem)|Holy Lavra of St. Savas the Hegiasmenos.]] (Mar Saba)#The Monastery of St. George the Hozevitou (location).
#The Monastery of St. Martha and Mary (Bethany)
#The Monastery of The Holy Archangels (Andromedos)
#The Monastery of St. [[Euthymius the Great|Eythymios]] the Great (Khan-Ahmar)
There are a total of 25 monasteries within the city of Jerusalem:#The Holy Monastery of Abraam, a dependency of the Holy Sepulchre.#The Holy Monastery of St. [[Haralampus of Magnesia|Haralampus]]
#The Holy Monastery of the Forerunner
#The Holy Monastery of the Archangels
#The Holy Monastery of the Holy Cross
#The Holy Monastery of St. Onouphrious
#The Holy Monastery of St. Sion, this is also the Patriarch Patriarchal Theological college.#The Holy Monastery of St. StephanosStephen#The Holy Monastery of St. PanteleimonosPanteleimon#The Holy Monastery of the RessurectionResurrection
#The Holy Monastery of St. Modestos
#The Holy Monastery of the Great Panagia (female)
#The Holy Monastery of Panagia "Seidanagias"
There are two churches in Jerusalem, the Church of St. Demetrios and the Church of St. TheklasThekla. There is also the cathedric Church cathedral church of St. Iakovos James the "Adelfotheou" Brother of the Lord, which also has two chapels dedicated to the Myrofores Myrrh-bearers and the Forty Holy 40 Martyrs of Jerusalem. The chapel of the Forty Holy 40 martyrs Martyrs holds the relics of all the Patriarchs patriarchs of Jerusalem.<!--- ===Unclear===*The Holy Monastery of St. Theodosios (Nder Impn, Ambet - Bethlehem) - Archimandrite Theodosios died 105 years old [[January 11]], 532 AD. ---> ==Saints and Elders==The [[Holy Land]] has been primarily sanctified by the presence of [[Christ]], however, through his divine economy, the Holy Land has also generated a cloud of [[Martyrs]], Hierarchs and [[Saints]]. Some of these include:* the Holy Apostles* St. [[Sabbas the Sanctified]] of Palestine ([[December 5]])
==Related articlesSee also==*[[List of Patriarchs of Jerusalem]]*[[Monastery at the Shepherds Field (East Jerusalem, Israel)]]
*[[New Church of St. Mary, the Theotokos (Jerusalem)]]
*[[Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem in North and South America]]
==External links==
===Structure===*[ Jerusalem Church]
*[ Official Website of the Church of Jerusalem] (Main page)
:- **[ Greek Orthodox Church of St. George], Taybeh (Palestine)===Metochia of the the Holy Sepulcher in America===#[ Monastery of the Holy Cross] (Long Island, New York)#[ Monastery of the Glorious Ascension] (Resaca, Georgia)#[ Link to directory of the Jerusalem Orthodox Communities in America]----
*[ Interviews with Christians in the Holy Land] ([[Ancient Faith Radio]])
*[ 9&sitecode=HQ&pageno=1 Eastern Christian Churches: The Patriarchate of Jerusalem] by Ronald Roberson, a Roman Catholic priest and scholar
*[ Rum Orthodox Ivri: The Website of the Eastern Orthodox Christian Community within Israeli Society], served by Fr. Alexander Winogradsky, a priest of Jewish ethnicity serving mainly in Hebrew
*[ Epitropia of the Holy Sepulchre in America]
*[ The Greek Orthodox Community of Jerusalem / Greek Colony, Jerusalem, Israel]
===Jaffa Gate Deal and Recognition Issues 2004-2007===
* Moran, Dominic. [ The Battle for Jerusalem]. '''ISN Security Watch'''. 18 May, 2005.
* Morenatti, Emilio. [,9171,901050606-1066874,00.html An Unorthodox Deal?]. '''TIME''', 29 May, 2005.
* Rapoport, Meron. [ Burnt Offerings]. '''''', 9 February, 2007.
* The Associated Press. [ Embattled Jerusalem Patriarch says he is still supported by Jordan's King.] '''International Herald Tribune'''. 14 May, 2007.
* [ Solution looming in Jerusalem Orthodox Church row]. '''''', 12 June, 2007.
* [ Jordan reverses decision over Jerusalem Patriarch]. '''Athens News Agency'''. 14 June, 2007.
* Lefkovits, Etgar. [ Greece's Government urges Israelis to recognize Greek Orthodox Patriarch]. '''The Jerusalem Post'''. 2 July, 2007.
* Mackenzie, Nick. [ Athens appeals to Israelis over Patriarch]. '''Religious Intelligence''', 3 July, 2007.
* Theros, Patrick Nickolas (US Ambassador). [ Jerusalem and Greece: Dora’s Staunch Defense of Religious Freedom Gives Church in Holy Land Respite].'''The National Herald''', 20 July, 2007.
* Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs. [ Briefing of Greek government regarding the Israeli Cabinet’s recognition of the Greek Orthodox Patriarch].16 December, 2007.
* European Jewish Press. [ Israel takes two years to recognise Greek Patriarch]. 18 December, 2007.
* Israel National News. [ Pro-PLO Greek Orthodox Church Leader Ousted]. 19 December, 2007.
[[es:Iglesia Ortodoxa de Jerusalén]]
[[fr:Église de Jérusalem]]
[[ro:Biserica Ortodoxă a Ierusalimului]]
[[ru:Иерусалимская православная церковь]]

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