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Metropolis of Corinth

8,213 bytes added, 18:25, August 30, 2012
{{inprogress|The '''Metropolis of Korinthos, Sikyonos, Zemenou, Tarsou and Polyfeggous''' is under the [[User:Ixthis888|Vasilikijurisdiction]]}}of the [[Church of Greece]].
The ==History==Korinthos, or more commonly in English Corinth, was noted as one of the largest, wealthiest, most powerful, and oldest cities of ancient Greece. In 146 BC, it was destroyed by the Romans until [[w:Julius Caesar|Julius Caesar]] restored the city in 44 BC as ''Colonia laus lulia Corinthiensis'Metropolis of Korinthos''' (Gr:Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) is under shortly before his assassination. Under the jurisdiction of Romans, it became the [[Church seat of government for Souther Greece]](according to Acts 18:12-16).
{{stub}}Korinth was well known for its luxurious, immoral, and vicious behaviours. The [[Apostle Paul]] first visited the city (51-52AD) and stayed in the area for eighteen months (see [[Acts of the Apostles|Acts]] 18:1-18). Here he became acquainted with [[Apostle Aquila|Aquila]] and Priscilla, and soon after his departure Apollos came from Ephesus. Apostle Paul intended to pass through Corinth for a second time before visiting Macedonia, however, in the absence of Titus, he travelled through Troas to Macedonia, and then likely passed into Corinth (see [[II Corinthians]] 1:15). He remained for three months (see Acts 20:3) and during this time he wrote the [[Romans|Epistle to the Romans]].
Paul also wrote two epistles to the "Church of Corinth" (the Christian community established at the time), the [[I Corinthians|First Epistle to the Corinthians]] and the [[II Corinthians|Second Epistle to the Corinthians]]. The first epistle reflects the difficulties of maintaining a Christian community in such a cosmopolitan city. The presence of Peter in Corinth is less certain although probable; the closest evidence in favour of this is in I Corinthians 9:5],<ref>Paul would refer to Peter by his [[Aramaic]] name "Cephas" or "Khfas" (cf. Gal. 1:18; 2:9,11,14)</ref> where it is presupposed that the Corinthians knew that he traveled about with his wife. The area was laid to waste by the invading Goths during 395 AD but the major earthquake of 521 AD destroyed the Corinth established and well known to Paul, this was further devastated by another earthquake in 1858. Early in the 13th century, it was conquered by Geoffroi I de Villehardouin following the Fourth Crusade. In 1458, it was captured by the Ottoman Turks and in 1687 seized by the Venetians, who then lost Corinth to the Turks in 1715. In 1822, it was captured by Greek insurgents. ==Hierarchs of Corinth=====Hierarchs of recent centuries===*[[Dionysios (Mantalos) of Corinth|Dionysios (Mantalos)]] 2006 - Present*[[Panteleimon (Karanikolas) of Corinth|Panteleimon (Karanokolas)]] 1965 -2006*Prokopios 1949 - 1964*[[Michael (Konstantinides) of America|Michael (Konstantinides)]] 1939-1949*[[Damaskinos (Papandreou) of Athens|Damaskinos (Papandreou)]] 1922-1938*Bartholomew 1899 - 1918*Amfilochios 1854 - 1875*Ionas 1852 - 1854*Gerasimos I 1842 - 1843*Kyrillos III 1841 - 1842 *Kyrillos II 1819 - 1836*Zacharias II 1784 - 1819*Gabriel III 1776 - 1784*[[Macarius Notaras of Corinth|Macarius Notaras]] 1764-1767===Earlier hierarchs===*Parthenius 1734 - 1763*Mitrophanis 1719*Ioasaf III 1715 - 1719*Gregory II Notaras 1684 - 1715*Zacharias I (Martys) 1678 - 1684*Kallistos 1668 - 1672*Parthenius 1660 - 1668*Gregory I 1641 - 1660*Ezekiel II 1636 - 1638*Kyrillos Spanos 1628 - 1635*Joasaph II 1638 - 1641*Ezekiel 1628 - 1635*Daniel 1626 - 1628*Neofytos II 1622 - 1626*Anthimus 1620 - 1622*Lavrentius 1590*Neofytos I 1585 - 1589, 1595*Lavrentius 1574 - 1585*Sofronios 1549 - 1569*Joasaph I 1541 - 1549*Theofanis 1517 -1534 *Makarios I 1507 - 1517*Kyrillos I 1492 - 1507*Ioakim c. 1447 *Malachias 1446*Markus 1445*Theognostos*Isidoros*Theoliptos *Yakinthos*Nikodimos I *Sergius*Gregory*Theodore*Stefanos II*Nicholas*Michael*Nikitas*George*Gabriel*Athanasius*Basil*Paul*John II 879 - 880 *Gabriel I 8th/ 9th century*Stefanos I 681*John I 591*Anastasius c. 590 - 591*Theodore 6th century*Fotios c. 536*Peter c. 451*Erasistratos 446*Perigenis c. 431*Alexander 406*Efstathios 381*Dorotheos late 4th century*Dionysios II c. 350*Isiodos 3rd century*Vakchylos c. 196*[[Dionysius of Corinth]] 2nd century (c.170)*Apollonios early 2nd century*[[Apostle Sosthenes|Sosthenis]] 1st century*[[Apostle Onesiphorus]] 1st century*Silas 1st century*Apollos 1st century*[[Apostle Paul]] (Founder of the Church of Corinth) c.50<!---==Regions==--->==Monasteries=='''Male Monasteries''': # The Holy Monastery of St. George, [[w:Feneos|Feneos]] (Αγ. Γεωργίου, Φενεού)# The Holy Monastery of the Dormition, [[w:Nemea|Nemea]] (Κοιμήσεως Θεοτόκου, Βράχου Νεμέας)# The Holy Monastery of the Apostle Paul, Geraneion (Απ. Παύλου, Γερανείων)# The Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas, Malagariou, [[w:Loutraki-Perachora|Perachora]] (Αγ. Νικολάου, Μαλαγαρίου Περαχώρας)# The Holy Monastery of the Resurrection, [[w:Loutraki|Loutraki]] (Αναστάσεως, Λουτρακίου)# The Holy Monastery of Panagia of "Everyone's happiness," Kalentziou («Παναγία η πάντων Χαρά» Καλεντζίου) # The Holy Monastery of St. Kosmas the Aitolian, Kyllinis (Αγ. Κοσμά Αιτωλού, Κυλλήνης) '''Female Monasteries:'''# The Holy Monastery of the Dormition of the "Faneromenis" Theotokos, [[w:Chiliomodi|Chiliomodi]] (Κοιμ. Θεοτόκου Φανερωμένης Χιλιομοδίου) - extremely popular monastery. <!--- Note to Self, remember to upload photos of the monastery from my visit in 2006, Ixthis888)---># The Holy [[Monastery of St Patapios (Loutraki, Greece)|Monastery of St. Patapius, Loutraki]] (Οσίου Παταπίου, Λουτρακίου)# The Holy Monastery of St. Demetrios, Stephaniou (Αγ. Δημητρίου, Στεφανίου)# The Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas, Mapsos (Αγ. Νικολάου, Μαψού)# The Holy Coenobitic Monastery of the Prophet Elias, Zaholi (Προφήτη Ηλιού, Ζαχόλης)<ref>Founded by the holy [[monk]] Romanos in the 14th century and includes a chapel for St. Gerasimos</ref># The Holy Monastery of the Dormition of the Theotokos, Lechobis (Κοιμ. Θεοτόκου, Λεχώβης)# The Holy [[Monastery of St. Vlasios (Ano Trikala)|Monastery of St. Vlasios (''Blaise''), Ano Trikala]] (Αγ. Βλασίου, Άνω. Συν. Τρικάλων) <!---Note to Self, remember to upload photos of the monastery from my visit in 1995, Ixthis888---># The Holy Monastery of Panagia "Koryfis", Kamariou (Παναγίας Κορυφής, Καμαρίου)# The Holy Monastery of St. Marinas, [[w:Loutraki|Loutraki]] (Αγ. Μαρίνας, Λουτρακίου)# The Holy Monastery of St. Therapontos, Galatakios (Αγ. Θεράποντος, Γαλατακίου)# The Holy Monastery of St. Athanasios, Poulitsis(Αγ. Αθανασίου, Πουλίτσης)<!---Ησυχαστήρια Γυναικεία: 1) Αναλήψεως- Αγ. Γερασίμου Περαχώρας. 2) Αγ. Νικολάου- Αγ. Θεοδώρων. 3) Εισοδίων Θεοτόκων Γελληνίου. 4) Κοιμ. Θεοτόκου Καισαρίου. 5) Τιμ. Σταυρού Μαψού. 6) Αγ. Χαραλάμπους Καλαμακίου. 7) Παμμ. Ταξιαρχών Σουλίου. 8) Αγ. Νεκταρίου Βασιλικού. 9) Αγ. Κωνσταντίνου Γελληνίου. 10) Προφ. Ηλιού Λουτρακίου.---> == Saints and Elders ==*St. [[Patapius of Thebes]] (and St. [[Ipomoni]])*St. [[Nicholas of Korinth]] (+1554) ==References==<references/> ==See also==*[[Church of Greece]] ==Sources==*[ Corinth, Sikyon, Zemenou, Tarsus and Polyfengous] In Greek*[ Bishops of Corinth] In Greek*[ Orthodoxia 2006] ==External link==*[ ''Corinth'' at Wikipedia] [[Category:Dioceses|Corinth]][[Category:Greek Dioceses|Corinth]]

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