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ROCOR and OCA

2,258 bytes added, 04:09, May 25, 2005
timeline
{| border="1" class="toccolours" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="float:right; clear:right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; font-size:95%; width: 20em; text-align:left; border-collapse: collapse;"
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center; font-size:150%;" | ROCOR and OCA Timeline
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1917'''
|Bolshevik Revolution breaks out in Russia
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1919'''
|Southern Church Council meets in Stavropol at which Higher Church Administration was formed in Southern Russia.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1920'''
|St. [[Tikhon of Moscow]] issues ''[[ukase]]'' #362; first session of the Higher Church Administration outside borders of Russia.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1921'''
|ROCOR bishops meet in synod in Karlovtsy, Serbia.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1924'''
|4th All-American Sobor of the Metropolia votes to establish "temporary self-government," breaking administrative ties with Moscow.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1926'''
|Metropolitan Platon of the Metropolia breaks ties with the ROCOR synod.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1927'''
|ROCOR synod sends epistle to American parishes suspending Platon and his clergy.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1935'''
|"Temporary Regulations of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad" signed by Karlovtsy Synod, including Platon, thus renewing relations.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1937'''
|6th All-American Sobor of the Metropolia declares itself to report to ROCOR in matters of faith.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1946'''
|7th All-American Sobor of the Metropolia breaks all ties with the ROCOR, splitting American Russian Orthodoxy in two.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1970'''
|Metropolia receives autocephaly from Moscow and returns Japanese possessions to its control, becoming known as the OCA.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1971'''
|ROCOR denounces Moscow's grant of autocephaly; OCA receives rebel ROCOR parish in Australia.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''1982'''
|Calendar schism in OCA diocese of E. Pennsylvania; ROCOR receives multiple parishes in the area.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| '''2001'''
|Election of Metropolitan Laurus as First Hierarch of ROCOR.
|}
'''The ROCOR and the OCA''' have a complicated history of cooperation, rivalry, and sometimes outright hostility. These two [[jurisdiction]]s, the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] (ROCOR) and the [[Orthodox Church in America]] (OCA), both have their origins in the [[Church of Russia]] (a.k.a. the ''Moscow Patriarchate'' or ''MP''), and their histories as clearly identifiable entities both stem from the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in the early 20th century.
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