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Sergius (Tikhomirov) of Japan

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Life
==Life==
[[Image:Met_Sergius(port).jpg|thumb|left|Metropolitan Sergius of Tokyo and All Japan]]He was born Georgii Georgy Alexeevich Tikhomirov (Георгий Алексеевич Тихомиров) on [[June 3]], 1871 (OS) in the village of Guzh near [[Novgorod]], Russia into the family of a rural [[priest]]. His father, Alexei, was a popular and famous priest in the area. Georgy did well in elementary school and after graduation entered the [[St. Petersburg Theological Academy]], graduating in 1896. Upon graduation he continued at the Academy teaching theology. During his time at the St. Petersburg Academy he was noted as a prolific preacher and author of many works on Church history in the Novgorod region.
Prior to his graduation from the Academy he took [[monastic]] vows on [[September 7]], 1895, taking the monastic name Sergius. Then, on [[December 2]], 1895, he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]] in the Isakievskii Cathedral in St. Petersburg, and two days later he was ordained a priest. He was subsequently appointed inspector at the Academy. In December 1899, Father Sergius was raised to the dignity of [[archimandrite]] and was named [[Rector]] of the Academy. On [[October 8]], 1905, Archimandrite Sergius was awarded his Doctor of Theology degree. Then, one month later he was elevated to the episcopacy, being consecrated Bishop of Iamburg and [[auxiliary bishop|vicar]] to the archbishop of St. Petersburg. He was 35 years old, an uncommonly young age at the time for entry into the episcopacy.
Within some six years, however, Sergius had to contend with a different and difficult world. With the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent takeover by the Bolsheviks, funding for the Japanese mission was cut off. Although this meant that the archbishop had to cut the activities of the mission severely, it nonetheless survived.
On [[September 1]], 1923, Tokyo was hit by the Great Kanto Earthquake. The earthquake caused serious damage to the [[Holy Resurrection Cathedral (Tokyo, Japan)|Holy Resurrection Cathedral]] (Nikolai-do) at the mission's headquarters in Surugadai Kanda in Tokyo. The main bell tower collapsed onto the central dome severely damaging the building and the subsequent fires burned much what was left of the interior. Thus, Sergius had inherited adversity greater than would be expected. Rebuilding Nicolai-do became central for Sergius and in this he did not give up. He toured throughout Japan asking for donations. He asked a young musician, [[Victor Pokrovsky|Victor A. Pokrovsky]], a refugee of the defeated White Army, to develop and lead the cathedral choir which toured Japan to raise money for the re-construction of the cathedral. Through these extraordinary efforts Nikolai-do was re-built and re-consecrated in just a little over six years. The re-consecration was held on [[December 15]], 1929 with 5,000 guests present including Abp [[Nestor (Anisimov) of HarbinKamchatka]] from Harbin. Then, in 1931, Sergius was elevated to ''Metropolitan of All Japan'' by the [[Holy Synod]] in Moscow.
[[Image:MetSergiusJapanGrave.jpg|thumb|left|200pxl|Grave of Metr. Sergius in the Yanaka Cemetery, Tokyo, Japan]]
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{{succession|
before=?[[Sergius (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius (Stragorodsky)]]|title=Bishop of IamburgJamburg|
years=1905-1908|
after=?[[Theophan (Bystrov) of Poltava|Theophan (Bystrov)]]}}
{{succession|
before=[[Andronik of Perm|Andronik (Nikolsky)]]|
title=Bishop of Kyoto|
years=1908-1912|
after=?[[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]]}}
{{succession|
before=St. [[Nicholas of Japan]]|
[[Category:Missionaries]]
[[Category:Metropolitans of Japan]]
[[Category:St. Petersburg Academy Graduates]]
[[Category:Bishops of Iamburg]]
[[Category:Bishops of Kyoto]]
[[Category:Bishops of Tokyo]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]

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