The '''Russian Orthodox Old-Rite Church''' (or '''Russian Orthodox Oldritualist Church''', '''Russian Orthodox Old-Ritualist Church''') (Russian Русская Православная Старообрядческая Церковь) is an [[Eastern Orthodox Church]] of the [[Old Believers]] tradition, born from a [[schism]] within the [[Russian Orthodox Church]] following the liturgical reforms of [[Nikon of Moscow|Patriarch Nikon]] in the second half of seventeenth century (Old Believers). It is one of the two Old Believers churches that belong to the [[Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy]] - the other being its "Mother Church", the [[Orthodox Old-Rite Church]], sometimes also called [[Lipovan Orthodox Old-Rite Church]].
Since the 18th century until the Council of 1988, the official self-designation of this Church was the '''Old Orthodox Church of Christ''' (''Древлеправославная Церковь Христова'') which should not be confused with [[Russian Old-Orthodox Church]], another church of the Old Believers. ''Drevlepravoslavie'' ("Old/Ancient Orthodoxy") was the common self-designation of the Old Believers and their cause since the seventeenth century.
== Organization ==
The head of the Church is the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia (archbishop in 1846-1988), residing at the [[Rogozhskoye cemetery]] in Moscow. He is elected by the highest representative body of the Church - the '''Holy Council''' (Освященный Собор). The Council also appoints the members of the Council of the Metropolia.
The Church has four local bishops and more than 250 parishes in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Since several years ago, there have been attempts to restore theological schools for training priests for the Old-Rite Church.
The '''Russian Orthodox Old-Rite Church''' belong to the [[Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy]] and is - naturally - in full ecclesiastical and canonical communion with her Mother Church, the (
[[Orthodox Old-Rite Church ]]).
== First Hierarchs of the Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy, 1846- present ==