es:Juan Pablo II
[[Image:John_Paul_II.jpg|thumb|Pope John Paul II]]
'''John Paul II'''
was the [[ Roman Catholic Church | Roman Catholic]] [[Pope]] from 1978 to 2005.
==Relations with the Eastern Orthodox Church==
In May 1999, John Paul II visited Romania on the invitation of his Beatitude [[Teoctist (Arapasu) of Romania|Teoctist]], the [[Patriarch]] of the [[Church of Romania|Romanian Orthodox Church]]. This was the first time a Pope had visited a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the [[Great Schism]]. On his arrival, the Pope was greeted by Patriarch Teoctist and Romanian President Emil Constantinescu. The Patriarch stated, "The second millennium of Christian history began with a painful wounding of the unity of the Church; the end of this millennium has seen a real commitment to restoring Christian unity."
On [[May 9]], the Pope and the Patriarch each attended a worship service conducted by the other (an Orthodox [[Divine Liturgy|Liturgy]] and a Catholic [[Mass]], respectively). A crowd of hundreds of thousands of people turned up to attend the worship services, which were held in the open air. The Pope told the crowd, "I am here among you pushed only by the desire of authentic unity. Not long ago it was unthinkable that the bishop of Rome could visit his brothers and sisters in the faith who live in Romania. Today, after a long winter of suffering and persecution, we can finally exchange the kiss of peace and together praise the Lord." A large part of Romania's Orthodox population has shown itself warm to the idea of Christian reunification.
Two years later, in 2001, John Paul II became the first Pope to visit Greece in almost 1300 years, since the visit of Pope Constantine I (r. 708-715) in 710. The visit was controversial, and the Pontiff was met with protests and snubbed by Eastern Orthodox leaders, none of whom met his arrival.
However, during the visit the Pope avoided any mention of Cyprus, still a source of tension between the two faiths.
John Paul II visited other heavily Orthodox areas such as [[Church of Ukraine|Ukraine]], despite lack of welcome at times, and he said that an end to the Schism was one of his fondest wishes.
With regard to the relations with the
[[Church of Serbia|Serbian Orthodox Church ]], Pope John Paul II could not escape the controversy of the involvement of Croatian Catholic clergy with the Ustasa regime of World War II. He beatified WWII-time archibishop of Zagreb, Alojzije Stepinac, in 1998, the Croatian war-time archbishop of Zagreb, convicted for colaboration with Croatian Ustašas fascist regime in 1946. This move was seen negatively by [[Church of Serbia|Serbian Church ]] and Serbian people. On [[June 22 ]], 2003, he visited Banja Luka in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a main city of Serbian Orthodox population in Bosnia. He held a Mass at the Petrićevac [[monastery ]]. It's friars participated in killing Serbs during the World War II (most notorius of them was Fra Stjepan Filipovic Majstorović). Orthodox Bishop of Banja Luka [[Jefrem (Milutinovic) of Banja Luka|Jefrem]] refused to attended the Mass because Pope did not express his regreat. They met later that day.
The Pope had also been saying during the entire pontificate that one of his greatest dreams was to visit Russia, which never actually happened. He had made several attempts to solve the problems which arose during centuries between the Roman Catholic Church and [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]], like giving back the Kazan [[Icon]] of the [[Mother of God]] in August 2004. However, officials of the [[Church of Russia]] were not that enthusiastic, giving statements like: "The question of the visit of the Pope in Russia is not connected by the journalists with the problems between the Churches, which are now unreal to solve, but with giving back one of many sacred things, which were illegally stolen from Russia." (Fr. Vsevolod Chaplin). There were also statements saying that the icon which was returned was one of four copies made of the original icon, which is still in an unknown location.
==Orthodox Perspectives on his life and work==
* [http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/04/17/news/edhopko.html Holding on to all that humanity can mean] - Thomas Hopko, ''International Herald Tribune'' Monday, April 18, 2005 ([http://orthodoxytoday.org/articles5/HopkoPope.shtml ''Alternate link''])* [http://orthodoxytoday.org/articles5/PelikanPope.shtml The Great Unifier: Pope John Paul II] - Jaroslav Pelikan, ''NY Times'' ([http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/04/opinion/04pelikan.html?n=Top%2fOpinion%2fEditorials%20and%20Op%2dEd%2fOp%2dEd ''Original link''])
* [http://orthodoxytoday.org/articles5/HilarionPope.shtml Russian Orthodox Official Hopeful for a Prompt Beatification: A Great Pope, Bishop Hilarion Says of John Paul II] - ''Zenit News'', April 5, 2005
* [http://orthodoxytoday.org/articles5/JohnsonPope.shtml Memories of the Pope] - Jeffery A. Johnson (''A parishioner of St. Thomas Antiochian Orthodox Church, Sioux City, Iowa'')
[[Category:Roman Catholic Popes]]