Cornelius, Metropolitan of
[[Tallinn ]] and All [[Estonia ]], (secular name Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Yacobs) was born on 19 June 1924 in Tallinn, in the family of tsar army colonel. After the revolution the family emigrated to Estonia. In 1943 he finished school and served as a psalm reader in the Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God in Tallinn. On 19 August 1945 he was ordained deacon by Paul (Dmitrovsky), Archbishop of Tallinn and all Estonia; and later, on 8 February 1948 - priest by Isidore, Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. He was appointed rector of St Mary Magdalena Church in Haapsalu. In 1951 he graduated from the Leningrad (now S. Petersburg) Seminary (by correspondence).
In 1951-1957 he belonged to the clergy of Vologda diocese. On 27 February 1957 he was arrested by KGB and charged for "anti-Soviet agitation" (possession of religious books, conversations with believers). On 16 May 1957 he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment (para 58-10 part I of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation), served his sentence in the political camps of Mordovia (Dubravlag). On 12 September 1960 the Supreme Court reduced the sentence to 5 years. On 7 September 1960 by the resolution of the Supreme Court of Mordovia he was released from custody ahead of time and put on probation. (He was rehabilitated on 14 October 1988). In November 1960 he came back to Estonia and became rector of John the Forerunner Church in Tallinn.