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Nicholas II of Russia

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[[Image:TsStNich.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Icon of Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II of Russia (Courtesy Ivanovo Monastery)]]
The holy and right-believing Emperor [[Saint ]] '''Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov''' was the last reigning Emperor emperor (commonly called "Tsar"''tsar'', цар) of Russia at the time of the Bolshevik Revolution. Together with his wife, [[Alexandra Romanov|Alexandra Fyodoronova]], formerly Alexandra of Hesse-Darmstad, and their children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia and Alexey, and their servants Doctor [[Evgeni Botkin]], cook [[Ivan Kharitonov]], attendant [[Aleksey Trupp]] and attendant [[Anna Demidova]], they are recognized as [[Passion-bearer]]s by the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]]. His Their feast day is on [[July 417]]. [[ROCOR]] officially recognizes them as [[Martyrs]].
==Life and death==
In 1884, St Nicholas met the future Empress St. [[Alexandra Romanov|Alexandra]], then Princess Alice Victoria Helen Louise Beatrix von Hessen-Darmstadt, at the wedding of the latter's sister, Grand Duches-Martyr St [[Elizabeth the New Martyr|Elizabeth Fyodorovna]] with the Emperor's uncle, Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovich. Princess Alice was a daughter of Prince Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt and Princess Alice and a grand-daughter of Queen Victoria of England. The two became good friends, a friendship that later grew into love. In 1894, St Nicholas received a blessing from his father to wed Princess Alice on the condition that she become Orthodox. On October 20, 1894, Emperor Alexander III died at the imperial palace in Livadia, Crimea. On the next day, Princess Alice was received into the Orthodox faith and given the name Alexandra Feodorovna. The two were married in a low-key ceremony on November 14, 1894.
In February 1917, during the February Revolution, Nicholas reluctantly abdicated the throne, hoping that doing so might save the nation some violence. After the Bolshevik (October) revolution, he and his family were exiled to Siberia, where they were detained under house-arrest. After several monthsOn [[July 16]], 1918, the family was lined up in the basement and shot. The bodies were buried in an unmarked grave.[[Image:P-PCathNIIRM.JPG|right|thumb|200px|The remains of Emperor Nicholas II and his family in the Catherine Side Chapel of the [[Ss Peter and Paul Cathedral (St. Petersburg, Russia)|Ss Peter and Paul Cathedral]] in St. Petersburg, Russia.]]
In 1991, in Yekaterinburg, Sibera, their bodies were exhumed. DNA testing confirmed that they were indeed the Romanovs.
==External links==
* [http://www.serfes.org/royal/index.htm The Royal Martyrs of Russia]* [http://www.tzar.orthodoxy.ru/ Russian site on the Tsar-Martyr]* [http://www.roca.org/OA/14/14c.htm God's Anointed Sufferer: Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II]* [http://www.orthodox.net/russiannm/nicholas-ii-tsar-martyr-and-his-family.html Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II and his Family]  {{start box}}{{succession|before=[[Alexander III]]|title=Emperor of Russia|years=1894-1917|after=''monarchy abolished''}}{{end box}}
[[Category:Rulers]]
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
[[Category:20th-century saints]]

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