St Job was born into the family of pious tradesmen in Staritsa near Tver in the 1530s. His [[baptism]]al name was John. As a teenager, John knew most of the [[Bible|biblical]] texts by heart and strove to become a [[monk]]. His father, however, insisted on his [[marriage]]. Once, John asked his father's permission to see his confessor in the Uspensky [[Monastery]] in their native town of Staritsa (Tver Oblast). Upon his arrival, John immediately took monastic vows and assumed the name of Job. He spent fifteen years in the cloister and finally became its [[abbot]] in 1566 with the help of Ivan the Terrible, who had made Staritsa his residence in times of the Oprichnina (secret police).
In 1571, Job was transferred to Moscow and appointed abbot of the Simonov Monastery. In 1575, he became the abbot of the Novospassky Monastery. In 1581, Job was appointed [[bishop]] of Kolomna.
Known as a person of mediocre mental abilities, he, nevertheless, managed to draw attention of Boris Godunov by his talent for reading the longest of prayers by heart in a very expressive manner. During the reign of Feodor I (whose government was controlled by Boris Godunov), Job was appointed [[archbishop]] of Rostov and Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia in 1587.
Realizing the necessity of strengthening the [[ecclesiology|ecclesiastic]] authority in [[Church of Russia|Russia]], Godunov managed to persuade the [[Patriarch]] of [[Constantinople]] [[Jeremias II of Constantinople|Jeremias II]] to establish a [[patriarchate]] in Russia. On [[January 26]], 1589, Job was elected the first Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. He exercised all his influence and played a major part in Boris Godunov's ascending to the Russian throne.
Job was known as a harsh critic of False Dmitriy I, and he tried to persuade the people of Moscow to remain loyal to the deceased tsar. The armed supporters of the impostor burst into the Cathedral of the Dormition, and a boyar named P.F. Basmanov declared Job a traitor. Job was sent into exile to his monastery in Staritsa, where he went completely blind and finally died a very sick man in 1607.
In 1652, Job's [[relics]] were transferred to the Cathedral of the Dormition of the Moscow Kremlin, where they remain to this day. Patriarch Job was [[canonization|glorified]] as a [[saint]] by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1989.
[[Category:Patriarchs of Moscow]]