'''Matins''' (also spelled
"Mattins ", from the Latin, ''matutinae'', "morning"), ''in Greek, '''Orthros''''' ( which also means "morning", "dawn" or "day break"), is the longest and most complex of the [[Daily Cycle|daily cycle]] services. Unless it is celebrated as a [[All-Night Vigil|vigil]] in the evening , Matins is celebrated in the morning.
Structure of Sunday Matins==
While some sections of Matins follow the eight-tone cycle, others follow the eleven-part cycle of the Resurrectional Gospels.
*Sunday Matins, when served
appart from a [[All-Night Vigil|vigil]] opens with the [[priest]]'s exclamation ''Blessed is our God ...'', ''Heavenly King ...'', and the [[Trisagion Prayers]]. (Note: ''Heavenly King ...'' is omitted between Pascha and [[Pentecost]].)
*The [[chanter]] or [[reader]] reads the [[Royal Troparia]] (''Lord, save your people and bless your inheritance ...'').
*The [[deacon]] offers a brief [[litany]].
*The six [[psalms]] (3, 37, 62, 87, 102, and 142 - [[Septuagint]] numbering) are read.
*The deacon intones the
[[Litany ]] of Peace.
*''Theos kyrios'' (God is the Lord) and the [[apolytikion|apolytikia]] are [[chant]]ed.
*The [[kathismata]] are chanted.
*The [[sessional hymn]]s
*The reader chants the [[evlogetaria]] (''Blessed are you, O Lord, teach me your statutes'').
*The small [[litany]] is offered again by the deacon.
*The [[Hypakoe]] is read by the chanter to prepare for the message of the Gospel reading.
*The [[Anavathmoi]] (hymns of ascent) are chanted.
*The [[Prokeimenon]] are chanted.
*The order of the Gospel is followed: the deacon intones ''Let us pray to the Lord ...'', the priest responds with a prayer, and the chanter sings three times, ''Let everything that breathes praise the Lord''. One of eleven Gospels is read; these Gospels each address a different part of the [[Resurrection]] narrative, because it is Sunday, the feast of the Resurrection. ''Having beheld the Resurrection of Christ ...'' is read by the chanter.
*The 50th Psalm is chanted.
*Then the following hymns are usually sung:
*The deacon prays, ''O God, save your people and bless your inheritance ...''
*The [[Canon (hymn)|canons]] are chanted: first and third odes (each ode beginning with an [[irmos]] and ending with a [[katavasia]],; small litany; kontakion of the secondary and/or tertiary commemoration(s) of the day; [[sessional Hymn]]s; small litany; fourth, fifth and sixth odes; small litany; kontakion, oikos, synaxarion (commemorating the [[saint]]s of the [[Church Calendar|day]]); the seventh and eighth odes. (According to the contemporary Greek parish practice, the [[katavasia]]e are not sung at the end of each ode, but rather those for odes 1 through 8 are all sung together at the end of the eighth ode, then the Matins Gospel is read (rather than before the canon as above)).
*The chanter sings the [[Magnificat]] while the deacon [[
censor|censes]] the [[church]].
*The ninth ode, ending with its katavasia is chanted.
*The deacon again prays the small litany.
*The [[Dismissal]]. (According to contemporary Greek Parish practice, the Great Doxology leads straight into the beginning of the [[Liturgy]]).
There are seven types of Matins:
*'''''Sunday Matins:''''' the longest of the regular matins services. If this service is celebrated in its entirety it can last up to three hours. It usually contains a combination of [[canon]]s taken from the [[Octoechos]], [[Menaion]], [[Triodion]], and/or [[Pentecostarion]]. As a result, in parishes, abbreviations are often made. Often, this matins is part of a vigil (particularly in Slavic practice).
*'''''Feast-day Matins''''' with Gospel.
*'''''Lenten Matins:''''' penitential material added (hymns and prayers).
*''Orthros for Sunday: Resurrectional Hymns'' in the original Greek, with a new English translation by Spencer T. Kezios, [[Protopresbyter]], published by Narthex Press, 2nd edition, 1998.
*[http://sgpm.goarch.org/ematins/matins.htm ''e''Matins Page] (PDF files) of the [[St. Gregory Palamas Monastery (Hayesville, Ohio)]]. Greek/English or English-only versions available. English translations by Fr. Seraphim Dedes.
*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/liturgical_texts/SUNDAYORTHROS.asp Service of the Sunday Orthros] from the website of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America]]