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Biblical Odes

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The '''Biblical Odes''' (also called ''canticles'') are nine hymns that are taken directly from [[Scripture, excluding the Psalms]]. They are chanted at [[Matins]], and form the basis of the [[Canon(hymn)|canon]], a major component of Matins.
The Nine Odes are as follows:
*Ode One &mdash; #The (First) Song of [[Moses]] ([[Exodus ]] 15:1-19)*Ode Two &mdash; #The (Second) Song of Moses ([[Deuteronomy ]] 32:1-43)<ref>Canticle Two is normally only said on Tuesdays of Great Lent.</ref>*Ode Three &mdash; #The Prayer of [[Hannah]] (1st [[I Kingdoms|1 Samuel ]] 2:1-10)*Ode Four &mdash; #The Prayer of [[Habakkuk]] ([[Book of Habakkuk|Habakkuk ]] 3:1-19)*Ode Five &mdash; #The Prayer of [[Isaiah]] ([[Book of Isaiah |Isaiah]] 26:9-20)*Ode Six &mdash; #The Prayer of [[Jonah]] ([[Book of Jonah |Jonah]] 2:2-9)*Ode Seven &mdash; #The Prayer of the [[Three Holy Children]] ([[Book of Daniel |Daniel]] 3:26-56])<ref>In many Protestant versions of the Bible, this is found separately in the [[Deuterocanonical BooksDeuterocanon|Apocrypha]].</ref>*Ode Eight &mdash; #The Song of the Three Holy Children (Daniel 3:57-88)<ref>Ibid.</ref>*Canticle Nine &mdash; #The Song of the [[Theotokos]] (the ''[[Magnificat]]'': {, [[Gospel of Luke|Luke ]] 1:46-55); the Song of [[ZechariasZacharias]] (the ''[[Canticle of Zachary|Benedictus]]'' {, Luke 1:68-79)
 Originally, these Odes odes were chanted in their entirety every day, with a short refrain inserted between each verse.  Eventually, short verses ([[Tropariontroparion|troparia]]) were composed to replace these refrains, a process traditionally inaugurated by Saint [[Andrew of Crete]].<ref>[[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Ware, Kallistos]], ''The Festal Menaion'' (Faber and Faber, London, 1969), p. 546.</ref> Normally the second ode is omitted owing to its severe nature. The most notable exception to this is in the [[Great Canon|Great Penitential Canon]] of St. [[Andrew of Crete]] which is chanted during [[Great Lent]]. Gradually over the centuries, the verses of the Biblical Canticles were omitted (except for the ''Magnificat'') , and only the composed troparia were read, linked to the original canticles by an [[Irmosirmos]]. During [[Great Lent]] , however, the original Biblical Canticles are still read.
==Notes==
==Source==
*[[w:Canticle|Canticle]] [[Category:Hymnography]][[Category:Scripture]] [[ro:Ode biblice]]
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