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replaced broken link of dormition icons with A Strange Scene in the Icon of the Dormition by John Sanidopoulos
[[Image:DormitionKoimesis (Chora, Constantinople).jpg|right|frame350px|thumb|The Dormition of the Theotokos]]The '''Dormition''' (Falling Asleep) of the [[Theotokos]] is one of the [[Great Feasts]] of the [[Orthodox Church]], celebrated on [[August 15]]. For those churches using the [[Julian Calendar]], this feast falls on August 28 in the secular calendar. The Feast of the Dormition, which is also sometimes called the Assumption, commemorates the death, resurrection and glorification of Christ's mother. It proclaims that Mary has been "assumed" by [[God]] into the heavenly kingdom of [[Christ]] in the fullness of her spiritual and bodily existence.
The Orthodox ==About the feast of the Dormition is very similar to what [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholicism]] calls the ''Assumption of Mary''. ==According to Orthodox [[Tradition]], [[Theotokos|Mary]] died like all humanity, "falling asleep," so to speak, as the name of the feast indicates. (Roman Catholic theologians are divided on She died as all people die, not "voluntarily" as her Son, but by the issue necessity of whether Mary died. Today most would favor an actual death before her mortal human nature which is indivisibly bound up with the Assumptioncorruption of this world.) The feast is preceded by 14 days of [[fasting]]; on these dayswas added to the Roman calendar in the seventh century as the ''Dormitio''. In the eighth century, either the [[Great Paraklesis]] title was changed to the ''Assumptio'' (service of supplicationAssumption) or the [[Small Paraklesis]] is celebrated.
The [[Apostles]] were miraculously summoned to this event, and all were present except [[Apostle Thomas|Thomas]] when Mary passed from this life. She was then buried.
Thomas arrived a few days later, and desiring to see her one more time, convinced the others to open her tomb. Upon doing so, the Apostles discovered that her body was no longer present. This event is seen as a firstfruits of the [[General Resurrection|resurrection of the faithful]] that will occur at the [[Second Coming]] of Christ. The event is normally called the ''Dormition'', though there are many Orthodox parishes in English-speaking countries with the name ''Assumption''. In Greek, ''Dormition'' is ''Koimisis''—falling asleep in death—from which the word ''cemetery'' derives.
As with the [[Nativity of the Theotokos|nativity of the Virgin]] and the feast of her [[Presentation of the Theotokos|entrance to the temple]], there are no biblical or historical sources for this feast. The Orthodox Church teaches that Mary is without personal sins[], as well that Mary truly needed to be saved by Christ as all human persons are saved from the trials, sufferings, and death of this world. She truly died and was raised up by her Son as the Mother of Life and participates already in the eternal life of paradise. This life of paradise is prepared and promised to all who "hear the word of God and keep it." ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 11:27-28)
The dormition of the mother of the Theotokos, the [[Righteous]] [[Anna]], is celebrated on [[July 25]].
==Celebration of the feast==
The feast is preceded by 14 days of strict [[fasting]], with the exceptions that fish is eaten on the Feast of the [[Transfiguration]] ([[August 6]]). On weekdays before the feast, either the [[Great Paraklesis]] (service of supplication) or the [[Small Paraklesis]] is celebrated.
On the eve of the feast, [[Vespers]] is served and contains three [[Old Testament]] readings that have [[New Testament]] meaning. In [[Genesis]] 28:10-17, Jacob's Ladder which unites heaven and earth points to the union of God with men which is realized most fully and perfectly in Mary the bearer of God. "How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven!" In [[Book of Ezekiel|Ezekiel]] 43:27-44:4, the vision of the temple with the door to the East perpetually closed and filled with the glory of the Lord, symbolizes Mary. And in [[Proverbs]] 9:1-11, Mary is also identified with the "house" which the [[Holy Wisdom|Divine Wisdom]] has built for herself.
Sometimes [[Matins]] is served on the morning of the feast. The Gospel reading is from [[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 1:39-49, 56. It is read on all feasts of the Theotokos and includes the [[Magnificat|Theotokos' saying]]: "My soul magnifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour, for he has regarded the low estate of his handmaiden, for behold, henceforth all generations will call me blessed."
[[Divine Liturgy]] is served on the day on the feast. In some churches, it is the custom to bless flowers on this feast before the Liturgy. The [[Apostolos|epistle reading]] is from [[Philippians]] 2:5-11, and speaks of "Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men." The [[Gospels|gospel reading]] is taken from Luke 10:38-42 and 11:27-28 together; this reading is also always read on all feasts of the Theotokos. In it, the Lord says, "blessed are those who hear the word of God and keep it!"
[[Troparion]] (Tone 1) []
:In giving birth you preserved your virginity,
:In falling asleep you did not forsake the world, O Theotokos.
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 2)
:Neither the tomb, nor death could hold the Theotokos,
:Who is constant in prayer and our firm hope in her intercessions.
:For being the Mother of Life,
:She was translated to life by the One who dwelt in her virginal womb.
===Forefeast hymns===
Troparion (Tone 4)
:Dance with joy, O peoples!
:Clap your hands with gladness!
:Gather today with fervor and jubilation;
:Sing with exultation.
:The Mother of God is about to rise in glory,
:Ascending from earth to heaven.
:We ceaselessly praise her in song as truly Theotokos.
Kontakion (Tone 4)
:Today the universe dances with joy at your glorious memorial,
:And cries out to you, O Mother of God:
:"Rejoice, O Virgin, pride of Christians!"
==See also==
*The icon of [[Panagia Ierosolymitissa]] located inside the '''Sepulcher of the Theotokos'''.
<!-- ==Reference==
<references/> --->
*[ Dormition of the Theotokos] ''The Orthodox Faith'' by the V. Rev. [[Thomas Hopko]]
==External links==
*[ The Dormition of the Theotokos] from ''Orthodox Family Life''
*[http The Assumption (Dormition) of the Virgin], a descriptive commentary of festal [[icon]]s*[ A Strange Scene in the Icon of the Dormition] by John Sanidopoulos*[ The Dormition of our Most Holy Lady the Mother of God and Ever-Virgin Mary] ([[OCA]])*[ August 15: Feast of the Dormition of Our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary] ([[GOARCH]])*[ A Homily on the Dormition of Our Supremely Pure Lady Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary] by Saint [[Gregory Palamas]], Archbishop of [[Thessalonica]] *[https://festaloca.htm#phf13 Icons org/fs/sermons/sermon-on-the-dormition-of -the-most-holy-theotokos Sermon on the Dormition of Marythe Most Holy Theotokos] by St [[John of Kronstadt]]*[ The Account of St. John the Theologian of the Falling Asleep of the Holy Mother of God]. from Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume 8.*[ Fixed Great Feasts, Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church Calendar]*[ August 28, 2014: Orthodox Menologion Online, Orthodox Lithurgical Commonwealth]*[ THE FALLING ASLEEP OF MARY] The Role of Mary in the Early Church. Bible Study by Mark Kern c/o St. Athanasius Orthodox Church
[[Category:Great Feasts]]
[[ro:Adormirea Maicii Domnului]]

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