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Gabriel (Dožić) of Serbia

348 bytes added, 14:03, July 19, 2016
Patriarch: internal link, detail
== Early life ==
The future patriarch was born in Donja Morača and given the [[baptism]]al name Đorđe(George). He was born in into the famous Medenica clan. As a young boy he gon for went to the monastery Morača, wher where his uncle Mihailo was igumen. Đorđe graduated from [[seminary]] in Prizren in 1901 and then obtained a theology doctorate in Athens in 1904. Next he He was then [[tonsure]]d as seminarian and [[ordination|ordain]]ed a [[priest]] on [[March 4]]/[[March 17|17]], by Bishop Nikanor of Niš in Sićevac Monastery. Gabriel then became Secretary General of [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar Monastery]], reporting to the Serbian embassy in Constantinople. He also visited Switzerland and France in order to study French.
Gabriel was elected Metropolitan of Raška and Prizren on [[December 4]]/[[December 17|17]], 1911. He served this [[see]] until 1913, when he was transferred to the see of Peć. After Serbia and Montenegro were ocupied occupied 1915 , Metropolitan Gavrilo was taken imprisoned in concetration a concentration camp in Hungary. Gavrilo came back in November 1918. Agile Metropolitan participed As metropolitan he participated in work of the Grand National Assembly of Montenegro. This assembly decided that Serbia and Montenegro will would be unified again, after 500 years . He was elected Metropolitan of Montenegro and Coastlands on [[November 17]]/[[November 30|30]], 1920.
== Patriarch ==
He was elected patriarch on [[February 21]]/[[March 6]], 1938. As a new patriarch, he was very successful in resolving problems. His first step was reconciliation between Synod the synod and Governmant. Patrgovernment authorities. Patriarch Gabriel also put much effort into building a campus for students of the Orthodox Theological Faculty of Belgrade University. He continued the building of St. Sava Temple; all . All Serbian bishops gave large donations to this project. Also, some bishops from the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] and the [[Church of Bulgaria]] gave significent significant donations. He was an outspoken critic of Nazism, so he, together with St. Nikolaj, was arrested. He was first put under house arrest in the [[monastery|monasteries]] of Rakovacia and Vojlovica, and later in [[Resurrection of Our Lord Chapel (Dachau, Bavaria)|Dachau]]. After Although he was secretly released by the war Nazis in February, 1945, he was not permitted to come back until [[November 14]], 1946. He created six new [[diocese]]s after the war and put a lot of effort into dealing with the new regime. He died on [[May 7]], 1950. His remains are buried in Belgrade Cathedral Church together with those of Princes Miloš and Mihajlo.
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Bishops of Raška]]
[[Category:Bishops of Peć]]
[[Category:Bishops of Montenegro]]
[[Category:Bishops of Belgrade]]
[[Category:Patriarchs of Serbia]]
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