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Gabriel (Dožić) of Serbia

1,141 bytes added, 12:26, July 5, 2013
I have tried to improve English expression.
== Early life ==
He The future patriarch was born in Donja Morača. His and given the [[baptism]]al name was Đorđe(George). He was born into the famous Medenica clan. As a young boy he went to the monastery Morača, where his uncle Mihailo was igumen. Đorđe graduated from [[seminary]] in Prizren in 1901. He and then obtained a theology doctorate in Athens in 1904. He was then [[tonsure]]d as seminarian and [[ordination|ordain]]ed a [[priest]] on [[March 4]]/[[March 17|17]], by Bishop Nikanor of Niš in Sićevac Monastery. He was Gabriel then became Secretary General of [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar Monastery]], referent in reporting to the Serbian embassy in Constantinople. He also visited Switzerland and France in order to study French. He  Gabriel was elected Metropolitan of Raška and Prizren on [[December 4]]/[[December 17|17]], 1911. He served this [[see]] until 1913 , when he was transferred to the see of Peć. After Serbia and Montenegro were occupied 1915, Metropolitan Gavrilo was imprisoned in a concentration camp in Hungary. Gavrilo came back in November 1918. As metropolitan he participated in work of the Grand National Assembly of Montenegro. This assembly decided that Serbia and Montenegro would be unified again, after 500 years. He was elected Metropolitan of Montenegro and Coastlands on [[November 17]]/[[November 30|30]], 1920.
== Patriarch ==
He was elected patriarch on [[February 21]]/[[March 6]], 1938. As a new patriarch, he was very successful in resolving problems. First His first step was recoliating reconciliation between Synod the synod and government authorities. Patriarch Gabriel also put much effort into building a campus for students of the Orthodox Theological Faculty of Belgrade University. He continued the building of St. Sava Temple. All Serbian bishops gave large donations to this project. Also, some bishops from the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] and Governmantthe [[Church of Bulgaria]] gave significant donations. He was an outspoken critic of Nazism, so he, together with St. Nikolaj, was arrested. He was first put under house arrest in the [[monastery|monasteries]] of Rakovacia and Vojlovica, and later in Dachau. After the war he was not permitted to come back until [[November 14]], 1946. He created six new [[diocese]]s after the war. He and put a lot of effort in into dealing with the new regime. He died on [[May 7]], 1950. His remains are buried in Belgrade Cathedral Church together with those of Princes Miloš and Mihajlo.
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=?Nikifor (Perović)|title=Metropollitan Metropolitan of Raška and Prizren|
years=1911-1913|
after=Serafim '''(as bishopJovanović)}}
{{succession|
before=—|
title=Metropolitan of Peć|
years=1913-1920|
after=Jerotej '''(as bishopGavrilović)}}
{{succession|
before=Mitrofan(Ban)|
title=Metropolitan of Montenegro and Litoral|
years=1920-1938|
after=St. [[Joanikije (Lipovac) of Montenegro|Joanikije]]}}
{{succession|
before=[[Varnava (Rosic)of Serbia|Varnava(Rosić)]]|
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|
years=1938-1950|
after=[[Vikentije II of Serbia|Vikentije(Prodanov)]]}}
{{end box}}
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Bishops of Raška]]
[[Category:Bishops of Peć]]
[[Category:Bishops of Montenegro]]
[[Category:Bishops of Belgrade]]
[[Category:Patriarchs of Serbia]]
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