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Hilarion (Kapral) of New York

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{{orthodoxyinaustralasiaorthodoxyinamerica}}Metropolitan '''Archbishop Hilarion (Kapral) of Sydney, Australia Eastern America and New ZealandYork''' is First Hierarch of the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] (ROCOR) and was formally [[enthronement|enthroned]] on [[May 18]], 2008. He also remains the ruling bishop of the [[Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|Diocese of Australia and New Zealand]] in the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]].
==Early Life==
In 1929, Metropolitan Hilarion’s parents – his father Alexei and Evfrosinia Kapral moved , and his mother, Euphrosynia (nee Kasyaniuk) – were from the village of Obenizha in Volyhn, Ukraine. In 1929, during the Polish occupation, the local populace was persecuted and oppressed by Poles attempting to turn Western Ukraine into a Polish province. Thus, the 19-year-old Alexei and his young wife decided to Albertaemigrate to Canada. At the time, the Canadian government afforded immigrants the opportunity to obtain large tracts of land in Western Canada; it was there that the young family settled. They eventually had seven children, with Upon their arrival in the lastprovince of Alberta, Igorthe Kapral family received 160 acres of untilled land, being born as well as $100 in 1948cash, a hammer, and an axe, with which to build themselves a home. When he was 21In the developing Spirit River region, Igor enrolled there were some 200 Ukrainians, and in [[Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary (Jordanvilleview of the oncoming cold, New York)|Holy Trinity Seminary]]they quickly built themselves houses. The great economic crisis of 1929-1930 affected the settlers as well, Jordanville; three years latermaking an already hard life even more difficult. To find work, he graduated Alexei Kapral had to travel far from home, and he earned but 25 cents per day. Nonetheless, the Seminary family grew ever larger – five boys and entered two girls filled the [[Holy Trinity Monastery (Jordanvillehouse with children’s voices, New York)|attached monastery]] speaking Ukrainian at home, but the children had English as a novicetheir first language. Their parents also spoke Russian and Polish.
==Holy Trinity Monastery==In 1974, Igor was tonsured to The youngest member of the rassophor with the name Hilarion, named for St Hilarionfamily was Igor, the future Metropolitan of KievHilarion. The next year, he He was ordained to the born on [[diaconateJanuary 6]] by [, 1948, in Spirit River, and spent his childhood in the country. He had to walk 2.5 miles to school every day, and describes his childhood as "pleasant...absolutely free of any harmful influences"[Archbishophttp://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/engdocuments/enart_mhinterviewpriesthood.html]] Averky . Later he transferred to another school in Blueberry Creek, but returned to finish high school. In 1966, he found a spiritual director, Right Reverend Sava (TaushevSaracevic), and began his obedience as AbpBishop of Edmonton, a Serb who greatly revered our Holy Hierarch St. Averky's cell attendantJohn (Maximovitch, +1966).
Dcn Hilarion received From his youth, Igor felt drawn to the Church, and loved to read books and periodicals on religion and morals. From a double honour young age, around 6 or 7, he knew that he wanted to become a priest. He went to Holy Trinity Church in 1976Spirit River, as it part of ROCOR and composed of ethnic Ukrainians. Services were held monthly or bi-monthly, and often Archbishop Panteleimon would celebrate these services. Abp Panteleimon was revered by Igor, and he was told by Abp Panteleimon that "someday you will be a priest"[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/engdocuments/enart_mhinterviewpriesthood.html]. ==Seminary and the year Priesthood==In 1967, when Igor Kapral was 19 years old, he entered the [[Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Theological Seminary]] in Jordanville, NY, USA. While here, he was ordained able to learn Russian, as well as sing on the kliros and serve in the altar, learning the order of divine services.  From his second year at seminary, Igor was tasked with typesetting Orthodox Life in English, under the editorship of Archimandrite [[priestKonstantin (Zaitsev)]]hood by ; Igor soon succeeded him as editor. After some time, Hieromonk Ignaty (who was in charge of the printery) asked him to do the Russian typesetting as well.  On graduating from the Seminary in 1972, Igor entered the [[BishopHoly Trinity Monastery (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Monastery]] as a [[Laurus novice]] (Skurla''poslushnik'') . On [[December 2]], 1974 he was tonsured a [[Monastic Ranks|rassaphore]] [[monk]] with the name Hilarion, in honor of New YorkVenerable Schema-monk Hilarion of the Kiev Caves, the famous Metropolitan of Kiev. On [[December 4]], 1975, Archbishop [[Averky (Taushev) of Syracuse|LaurusAverky (Taushev]], +1976), for whom the future Vladyka served as a cell-attendant, [[ordination|ordained]] him a hiero[[deacon]]. As part of Bishop Laurus' push to elevate the quality of Russian language and also when literature instruction at Holy Trinity Seminary, he graduated from Syracuse University with was selected to study a Masters Master's degree in Slavic Studies and Russian Literature. He graduated in 1976, the same year that [[Bishop]] [[Laurus (Skurla) of New York|Laurus]] of Manhattan ordained him a [[hieromonk]]. Fr Hilarion served as a priestmonk at the monastery, continuing his work at the printing press. He was often sent to parishes, replacing absent priests, often traveling to Cleveland and Pennsylvania.
==Episcopacy==
{{orthodoxyinaustralasia}}In 1984, at the young age of 36, Fr Hilarion was consecrated a [[bishop]] by [[Metropolitan ]] [[Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York|Philaret of New York]] and nine other bishops, and was appointed to the [[see ]] of Manhattan, charged with overseeing the [[parish]]es in Pennsylvania and the Eastern American diocese and serving as deputy secretary for the Synod of Bishops. In 1995, Bishop Hilarion was transferred to the See of Washington while retaining his residence in New York.
In 1995, Bishop Hilarion was transferred to the see of Washington, retaining, however, his residence in New York. This didn't did not last long, however. The Diocese of Australia and New Zealand was experiencing turmoil, and had not had a ruling bishop for five years; hence in June 1996, recognising his pastoral gifts, as he was simultaneously transferred to the [[Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|Diocese of Australia and New Zealand]] (which was experiencing some problems at that stage) and raised to the rank of [[Archbishoparchbishop]]. Abp Hilarion set establishing the Property Trust as an Act of the New South Wales Parliament, and then rectifying the shortage of priests and beginning missionary work, generally strengthening the diocese and its church life. Further honour came in In 2003 when he was awarded the honour of wearing a diamond [[cross ]] on his [[klobuk]]. Upon Metr. Laurus's death Abp. Hilarion was appointed as the temporary head of the ROCOR Synod. To his dismay, on [[May 12]], 2008, Archbishop Hilarion was elected and elevated as the new Metropolitan of ROCOR, having received all but one vote (his own). As First Hierarch, he convenes meetings of the synod (3-4 times each year), meetings of the Council of Bishops, and represents the ROCOR at the Moscow Patriarchate when bishops convene there. In addition, he remains ruling bishop of the diocese of Australia and New Zealand, in addition to also being ruling bishop of the Eastern American diocese.  On the [[December 10]], 2009 Metropolitan Hilarion marked 25 years since the date of [[consecration of a bishop|consecration as a bishop]]. The festivities took place in the [[Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|Diocese of Australia and New Zealand]]. Vladyka Hilarion, notably, is presiding over a period where unity with the Church of Russia is smooth and without inequality, and divisiveness has died down in ROCOR.
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=''unknown''[[Gregory (Grabbe) of Washington and Florida|Gregory (Grabbe)]]|
title=Bishop of Manhattan (ROCOR)|
years=1984-1995|
after=[[Gabriel (Chemodakov) of Manhattan|Gabriel (Chemodakov)]]}}
{{succession|
before=''unknown''Gregory (Grabbe)|
title=Bishop of Washington (ROCOR)|
years=1995-1996|
after=''unknown''—}}
{{succession|
before=[[Paul (Pavlov) of Sydney|Paul (Pavlov)]]|
title=Archbishop of Sydney, Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR)|
years=1996-present|
after=—}}
{{succession|
before=[[Laurus (Skurla) of New York|Laurus (Skurla)]]|
title=Metropolitan of Eastern America and New York<br>First Hierarch of ROCOR|
years= 2008-present|
after=&mdash;}}
{{end box}}
==External linklinks==*[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/eng2008/5enizbrany.html Archbishop Hilarion Is Elected First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia] (ROCOR site)
*[http://www.rocor.org.au/official/hilarionbio_en.html Official biography] from the [[ROCOR]] Australia and New Zealand website
*[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/eng2008/5enmhnastolavaniye.html Photo Report of Enthronement, May 18, 2008]
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy_in_Australia20th-21st-century bishops]][[Category:Orthodoxy_in_New_ZealandBishops of Washington]][[Category:Bishops of Sydney]][[Category:Bishops of New York]][[Category:First Hierarchs of the ROCOR]][[Category:Orthodoxy in Australia]][[Category:Orthodoxy in New Zealand]]

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