The '''Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed''' (also called the '''Nicene Creed''', the '''Symbol of Faith''', the '''Pistevo''', or simply the '''Creed''') is that creed formulated at the [[First Ecumenical Council|First]] and [[Second Ecumenical Council|Second]] [[Ecumenical Councils]]. It was defined by the [[Church Fathers|Holy Fathers]] of those first two councils (held in Nicea and Constantinople, respectively) to combat various [[heresy|heresies]] notably [[Arianism]], [[Apollinarianism]], [[Macedonianism]] (also called Pneumatomachianism), and [[Chiliasm]].
Some scholars believe that the Creed promulgated by the [[First Ecumenical Council]] was based on an earlier baptismal creed used in Palestine, while others regard its more likely origin as being a creed issued early in 325 A.D. in Antioch, a so-called "[[Syrian Creed]]."
The Creed as it now stands was formed in two stages, and the one in use today in the [[Orthodox Church]] reflects the revisions and additions made at the [[Second Ecumenical Council]]. Some centuries later, the [[Roman Catholic Church]] attempted a unilateral revision of the Creed by the addition of the [[Filioque]], thus being one of the causes of the [[Great Schism]] between Rome and the rest of the Church.
== The Creed of Nicea (325 A.D.) ==
''We believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of all things, visible and invisible;''
''And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten from the Father, only-begotten, that is, from the essence of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten not made, of one essence with the Father, through Whom all things came into being, things in heaven and things on earth, Who because of us men and because of our salvation came down and became incarnate, becoming man, suffered and rose again on the third day, ascended to the heavens, and will come again to judge the living and the dead;''
''And in the Holy Spirit.''
faith|believe]] in one God, the [[God the Father|Father]] Almighty, [[creation|Maker ]] of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible;''
''And in one Lord [[Jesus Christ]], the Son of God, the Only-begotten, Begotten of the Father before all
worlds, Light of Light, Very God of Very God, Begotten, not made; of one essence with the Father, by whom all things were made:''
''Who for us
[[man|men ]] and for our [[salvation]] came down from heaven, and was incarnate of the [[Holy Spirit]] and the [[Theotokos|Virgin Mary]], and was made man;''
''And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried;''
''And the third day He [[resurrection|rose]] again, according to the [[Holy Scripture|Scriptures]];''
''And [[ascension|ascended]] into heaven, and
sitteth at the right hand of the Father;''
''And He shall
[[Second coming|come again ]] with glory to [[ judgement|judge]] the quick and the [[death|dead]], Whose kingdom shall have no end.''
''And we believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, and Giver of Life, Who
proceedeth from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the [[Prophet]]s;''
''And we believe in [[One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church|one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church]].''
''We look for the Resurrection of the dead,''
[[Eternal Life |Life]] of the world to come. Amen.''
Note: The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed as it is recited in Orthodox worship today uses the first person ("I believe..."/"
Πιστε�?ο") rather than the first person plural as it was enacted at the councils.
*[http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/liturgical_texts/creed.asp The Official Translation of the Confession of Faith adopted by the Holy Eparchial Synod of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America] ([[GOARCH]])