added/fixed a bit more; still needs some cleanup
The significance behind the Orthodox artoklasia includes also the fact that, among the Orthodox, bread continues to be highly valued not only as a basic food but also as the supreme symbol of the Body of Christ - for it is the bread which is changed by consecration in the Liturgy into the Body of Christ. Christ has been repeatedly designated as the Bread of Life, and also as "the Bread which came from heaven." Bread also symbolizes the Church of Christ, which has spread all over as the wheat on the mountains and which was gathered by Christ into one body. Thus, bread has been given a mystical meaning according to which it constitutes the essence of the spiritual life of the Christian.
The blessed bread of the
Eatsern Orthodox artoklasia has been from ancient times considered to effect personal sanctification and to help the individual against bodily infirmities and illness "if taken with faith." The Greek term "artoklasia" derives from the very words used by the [[Evangelist]]s in describing the Last Supper at which Christ "broke bread" and offered it to His disciples as His own Body. Also, "bread is broken" in the Eastern Orthodox artoklasia, signifying not only an identity in terms but a far more significant affinity between the Lord 's and His Church 's breaking of bread. After the Service, the bread is cut and distributed to the congregation.
[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01756b.htm The Catholic Encyclopedia's Artoklasia]