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Marcian

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[[Image:Solidus Marcian RIC 0509.jpg|thumb|300px|Marcian coin celebrating his victories.]]'''Not to be confused with [[ImperatorMarcion]] [[Caesar (title)|Caesar]] Flavius Marcianus [[Augustus]]''' or '''Marcian''' (''cthe heretic.''. [[390]]–January [[457]]) was the [[List of Byzantine Emperors|Emperor]] of the [[Byzantine Empire]] from [[450]] until his death.
The holy and right-believing Emperor '''Flavius Marcianus''' or '''Marcian was born in [[Thrace]] or ''' (''c''. 390–January 457) ruled the [[IllyriaByzantine Empire]]. He spent from 450 until his early life as an obscure soldierdeath in 457. He subsequently served for nineteen years under [[Ardaburius]] and [[Aspar]], and took part in Upon ascending to the wars against the [[Persians]] and [[Vandals]]. In [[431]]imperial throne, Marcian was taken prisoner by the Vandals in he convened the fighting near [[Hippo RegiusThird Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]]; brought before to address the Vandal King [[GeisericMonophysitism|Monophysite]] (428–477), he was released on his oath never to take up arms against the Vandalscontroversy.
Through ==Life==Marcian was born in Thrace or Illyria. He spent his early life as an obscure soldier. He subsequently served for nineteen years under Ardaburius and Aspar, and took part in the influence of these generals he became a captain of wars against the guardsPersians and Vandals. In 431, and Marcian was later raised to taken prisoner by the Vandals in the rank of [[tribune]] and [[senator]]. On fighting near Hippo Regius; brought before the death of [[Theodosius II]] Vandal King Geiseric (408428–450477) , he was chosen as consort by the latter's sister and successor, [[Pulcheria]], and called upon released on his oath never to govern an empire greatly humbled and impoverished by the ravages of take up arms against the [[Huns]]Vandals.
Upon becoming EmperorThrough the influence of these generals he became a captain of the guards, Marcian repudiated and was later raised to the rank of tribune and senator. On the embarrassing payments death of tribute to [[Attila the HunTheodosius II]] (434408–453450), which he was chosen as consort by the latter had been accustomed to receiving from Theodosius II in order to refrain from attacks on the eastern empire. Aware that he could never capture the eastern capital of 's sister and successor, [[ConstantinoplePulcheria the Empress|Pulcheria]], Attila turned and called upon to govern an empire greatly humbled and impoverished by the ravages of the west and waged his famous campaigns in Gaul [[451]] and [[Italy]] ([[452]]) while leaving Marcian's dominions aloneHuns.
Upon becoming Emperor, Marcian reformed repudiated the finances, checked extravagance, and repopulated embarrassing payments of tribute to Attila the devastated districts. He repelled attacks upon [[Syria (Roman province)|Syria]] and [[Aegyptus|Egypt]] Hun (452434–453), and quelled disturbances which the latter had been accustomed to receiving from Theodosius II in order to refrain from attacks on the [[Armenia]]n frontier ([[456]])eastern empire. The other notable event of his reign is Aware that he could never capture the [[Council eastern capital of Chalcedon]] ([[451Constantinople]]), Attila turned to the west and waged his famous campaigns in Gaul in 451 and Italy in which 452 while leaving Marcian endeavoured to mediate between the rival schools of [[theology]]'s dominions alone.
Marcian generally ignored reformed the affairs of the western [[Roman Empire]]finances, checked extravagance, leaving that tottering half of and repopulated the empire to its fatedevastated districts. He did nothing to aid the west during Attila's campaignsrepelled attacks upon Syria and Egypt in 452, and, living up to quelled disturbances on the Armenian frontier in 456. The other notable event of his promise, ignored reign is the depredations Council of Geiseric even when the Vandals sacked Rome in [[455Chalcedon]]. It has recently been argued(451), however, that Marcian was more actively involved in aiding the western Empire than historians had previously believed and that which Marcian's fingerprints can be discerned in the events leading up endeavoured to, and including, Attila's death. (See Michael A. Babcock, "The Night Attila Died: Solving mediate between the Murder rival schools of Attila the Hun," Berkley Books, 2005theology.)
Marcian generally ignored the affairs of the western Roman Empire, leaving that tottering half of the empire to its fate. He did nothing to aid the west during Attila's campaigns, and, living up to his promise, ignored the depredations of Geiseric even when the Vandals sacked Rome in 455. It has recently been argued, however, that Marcian was more actively involved in aiding the western Empire than historians had previously believed and that Marcian's fingerprints can be discerned in the events leading up to, and including, Attila's death.{{ref|1}} Shortly before Attila's death in [[453]], conflict had begun again between him and Marcian. However, the powerful Hun King died before all-out war broke out. In a dream, Marcian claimed he saw Attila's bow broken before him, and a few days later, he got word that his great enemy was dead.
Marcian died in 457 of disease, possibly gangrene contracted during a long religious journey.
Despite his short reign and his writing off of the west , Marcian is considered one of the best of the early Byzantine emperors. The [[Eastern Orthodoxy|Eastern Orthodox Church]] recognizes him and his wife [[Pulcheria the Empress‎|Pulcheria ]] as [[saint]]s, with their [[feast day ]] on [[February 17]]. == External links =={{Commons-inline|Marcian}} {{Byzantine Emperor | Prev=[[Theodosius II]] | CoEmperor= | Next=[[Leo I (emperor)|Leo I]]}} ==References==*{{1911}}
----{{start box}}{{succession|before=[[Theodosius II]]|title=[[List of Byzantine Emperors|Roman (Byzantine) Emperor]]|years=450–457|after=[[Leo I (emperor)|Leo I]]}}{{end box}}
Another, lesser '==Source==*[[w:Marcian|''Marcian''' was a son-in-law of Byzantine Emperor [[Leo I (emperor)|Leo I]] and his queen [[Verina]]. He aided Verina in the clash against another son-in-law, [[Zeno (emperor)|Emperor Zenoat Wikipedia]].''
==Reference==
*{{note|1}} See Michael A. Babcock, ''The Night Attila Died: Solving the Murder of Attila the Hun,'' Berkley Books, 2005.
==External link==
*[http://www.roman-emperors.org/marcian.htm Marcian]
[[Category:390s birthsRulers]][[Category:457 deaths]][[Category:Byzantine emperorsRoman Emperors]]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:House of TheodosiusByzantine Saints]][[Category:5th-century saints]]
[[ar:مارقيان]][[cs:Marcianus]][[de:Markian]][[es:Marciano (emperador)]][[fr:Marcien]][[hr:Marcijan]][[it:Marciano di Bisanzio]][[la:Marcianus]][[hu:Marcianus]][[nl:Marcianus]][[ja:マルキアヌス]][[noro:Marcian]][[pl:Marcjan (cesarz bizantyjskiîmpărat)]][[pt:Marciano]][[sk:Markian]][[sr:Маркијан]][[fi:Marcianus]][[sv:Marcianus]]

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