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Euthymius the Great

285 bytes added, 18:49, October 22, 2012
{{cleanup}}[[Image:StEuthymiusTheGreat.jpg|thumb|right|St. Euthymius the great: 17th c. painting on wood at [[Dionysiou Monastery (Athos)|Dionysiou Monastery]], [[Mount Athos|Mt. Athos]]]] Our great and [[venerable]] father '''Euthymius''' (sometimes spelled Euthymios or Efthymios) was a [[monasticism|monastic]] who lived in the latter fourth and the fifth centuries. The Church celebrates his [[feastday]] [[January 20]].
[[Image:StEuthymiusTheGreat.jpg|thumb|right|St. Euthymius the great: 17th c. painting on wood at [[Dionysiou Monastery]], [[Mount Athos|Mt. Athos]]]] Our great and [[venerable]] father '''==Life==Euthymius''' (sometimes written Euthymios - [[feastday]] [[January 20]] was born during the reign of king Gratian in 377 A.D. He came from Melitine in [[Church of Armenia|Armenia]] (now Makatya, Turkey), and was the son of pious and faithful parents, who were called Paul and Dionysia.
As [[John the Forerunner]] had been born of a barren Though Euthymius' mother so this venerable Euthymius was born of a sterile woman and received the name Euthymius from [[God]] before even being born. His barren, his parents were praying prayed fervently to God to grant them a child. So, Then they had a vision: they heard the voice of an Angel [[angels|angel]] who told them to be jolly and cheerful or rather that not only his parents but all should be jolly and cheerful, because with the child's birth every [[heresy]] was going to be abolished and universal peace was going to be granted to the [[Church]] of God. So, for For this reason this [[saint]] was called Euthymius (bringer of jollitymeaning ''good cheer''). Since the saint's father died, his mother offered him to Eutrojos, [[bishop]] of Melitine, by whom he was counted with the order of clerics. Because he was clever at studying the holy things of God and surpassed all the virtuous men in virtue and [[asceticism]], he was forced to be ordained [[priest]] and accept to look after the holy [[hermitage]]s and [[Monastery|monasteries]]. When he was twenty-nine years old, he went to [[Jerusalem]] and lived with St. Theoktistos in a cave on the mountain. While he was there, St. Euthymius liberated many men from the terrible chains of disease.
They also say that this When the saint fed four hundred men's father died, who had come his mother offered him to the monasteryEutrojos, with very few loaves [[bishop]] of bread. MoreoverMelitine, not only did by whom he break his mother's sterility and was born, but also through counted with the order of [[prayerclergy|clerics]] . Because he proved even other barren was intelligent in his studies and childless women to be fruitful surpassed all men in virtue and able to give birth to many children. He also opened the gates of heaven, as great [[Elijahasceticism]] had done, and brought rain with which he cured the earth which was only giving poor crop. The column of light, which was seen by the by-standers coming down from heaven while the saint was celebrating the forced to be [[Eucharistordination|bloodless sacrificeordained]], made the internal brightness of divine Euthymius' soul known as it shone over the saint till he ended the a [[Liturgypriest]]. A sign and proof of to look after the perfect purity holy [[hermitage]]s and [[chastityMonastery|monasteries]] of the saint . When he was that twenty-nine years old, he could spiritually see with the perceptive eye of his soul the mood and the condition of those souls which were approaching went to receive the [[Holy CommunionJerusalem]], iand lived with St.e[[Theoctistus|Theoktistos]] in a cave on the mountain.While he was there, he could see who approached with a clean conscience and who with a spotted oneSt. Euthymius liberated many men from the terrible chains of disease.
When They also say that this saint fed four hundred men, who had come to the monastery, with very few loaves of bread. Moreover, not only did he was ninety-six years old break his mother's sterility through his birth, but also through [[prayer]] he depared made other childless women to be fruitful. He also opened the Lord in 473 ADgates of Heaven, after establishing religious communities throughout Palestine. He as great [[Elijah]] had done, bringing rain during a graceful kind period of face and his soul was simple and easy to reachdrought. He Once a column of light, seen descending from Heaven by the by-standers while the [[saint]] was celebrating the [[Eucharist|bloodless sacrifice]], made the internal brightness of white colour and according to his age and his bodydivine Euthymius's stature soul known. This light shone over the saint until he completed the [[Liturgy]]. A further sign of the purity and [[chastity]] of the saint was respectable that he could spiritually see the mood and the condition of those souls when they approached to receive the [[Humility|humbleEucharist]]. He had white hair and a long beard which reached as far down as his thighs.
They also say this Another story about St. Euthymius: Once ' clairvoyance involves a [[monk]] who was about to die. This monk outwardly appeared and was thought by many to be a prudent and abstemious moderate saint , but in his heart he was lecherous and imtemperate, intemperate because he used allowed his labors to accept and be sweetened with shameful thoughts. So, when this monk was about to die, as we have already saidat the point of death, blessed Euthymius saw an [[Angel]] breaking off and angel taking the soul of that miserable monk by force with , using a three-pronged spear which he held. Immediately the saint also heard a voice revealing all the hidden and shameful thoughts of that dying monk.
When Euthymius was ninety-six years old (in A.D. 473), he departed to the Lord. He had established religious communities throughout Palestine.
[[Troparion]] (Tone 4)
:Rejoice, O barren wilderness!
:And be glad, sterile desert, that has never known the travail of birth!
:The man of desires has multiplied your sons;
:He has planted them in faith and piety.
:He has watered them with the Holy Spirit:
:They grow in self-denial and perfect virtue.
:Through His intercessions, O Christ God, preserve Your people in peace!
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 8)
:The wilderness rejoiced at your birth, holy father Euthymius.
:In your memory, it brings a harvest of joy through your many miracles.
:Pour these wonders on our souls as well and cleanse us from our sins,
:That we may sing: Alleluia!
==Sources and further reading==
* ''Lives of the Saints for the Whole Year'' by St. [[Nicodemus of the Holy Mountain]] (18th century) (primary source)
* [ Saint Euthymius The Great -- Encyclopædia Britannica (subscription - free trial available)]
* [ Icon of St. Euthymius (]
* [ Venerable Euthymius the Great] from [[OCA]]'s web site.
[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
[[Category:5th-century saints]]
[[ro:Eftimie cel Mare]]

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