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Nestor (Zakkis) of the Aleutians

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[[Image:Nestor Zass.jpg|right|200px|thumb|Bp. Nestor (Zakkis) of the Aleutian Islands and Alaska]]
His Grace the Right Reverend Bishop '''Nestor (Zakkis) of the Aleutian Islands and Alaska''' ([[December 20]], 1825 Arkangelsk, Russia-[[June 30]], 1882, at sea near Norton Sound, Alaska) was consecrated [[bishop]] on [[December 17]], 1878, and assigned as bishop of the Aleutian Islands and Alaska diocese. While he did not have a formal theological education, he was a gifted administrator which, with his fluency in English, served him well in the environment of North America. During his administration translation of the [[Gospels]] into the Eskimo language was begun. He actively visited his extended diocese, reviewing the state of the church in Alaska. It was during the second such trip in 1882 that he fell overboard from the ship carrying him across the Bering Sea. His body was recovered and buried at Unalaska.
==Life==
Bp. Nestor was born Baron Nikolai Pavlovich Zakkis on [[December 20]], 1825, in Arkangelsk, Russia. The family was a member of the Russian gentry. His education was secular, beginning when he entered the naval program at the Alexandrovsk Cadet School on [[May 20]], 1832. On [[January 31]], 1836, he transferred to the naval cadet school. As his naval career advanced he was in turn promoted in 1842 to the rank of reefer and then to midshipman, and then on to lieutenant in 1849. Due to illness, however, he was discharged from the navy in late 1850.
After a few years he entered a [[monastic]] life when he joined as a novice the Dormition Monastery in Bakhchisaray in the Crimea on [[November 20]], 1853 . He was tonsured a [[monk]] in 1854 and given the name '''Nestor'''. On [[June 22]], 1854, he was ordained a [[deacon]] and then to the [[priest]]hood on [[July 3]], 1855. In 1857 he was assigned to serve as a naval [[chaplain ]] on Russian ships. Through this service he traveled through the Mediterranean and to the shores of North America, including staying a year in American waters during the American Civil War.
Leaving naval service he was assigned as pastor of the Orthodox community in Pau, France, in November 1866. Subsequently, on [[October 29]], 1878, he was raised to the rank of [[archimandrite]], and then on [[December 17]] of the same year he was consecrated Bishop of the Aleutian Islands and Alaska. He took his responsibilities as bishop of Alaska to heart, and even though the seat of the [[diocese]] was more than 600 miles outside its boundaries, in San Francisco, he made extensive tours of the Orthodox communities in Alaska. It was on his second tour that included the Kwikhpak [[mission]]s along the Yukon River and as far north as St. Michael's Redoubt, that he died as a result of an accident. On [[June 30]], 1882, in the Bering Sea he fell off the deck of the ship that was transporting him back to San Francisco. His body was subsequently recovered and buried at [[Holy Ascension Cathedral (Unalaska, Alaska)|Holy Ascension Cathedral at Unalaska, Alaska]].
Unfortunately, after Bp. Nestor's death, assignment of a new bishop for the diocese was not made for five years, until the assignment of Bp. [[Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov) of the Aleutians|Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov)]] in late 1887. During this time the Aleutian diocese was administered by the Metropolitan of St. Petersburg.
== Sources==
* ''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:Bishops of Aleutian Islands]]
[[Category:Metropolitans of the OCA]]
[[Category:19th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Missionaries]]
 
[[ru:Нестор (Заккис)]]
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