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Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada

6,797 bytes added, 20:27, August 13, 2011
name=The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada[[Image:Uocc-.gif]]|
jurisdiction=[[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]]|
bishop=[[Metropolitan ]] [[John Yurij (StinkaKalistchuk) of Winnipeg]], Archbishop Toronto|Yurij (Kalistchuk)of Winnipeg]]|
see=Winnipeg, Toronto, Edmonton|
hq=Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada|
language=Ukrainian, [[Church Slavonic]], English, French|music=[[Ukrainian Kievan Chant]], [[Galician Chant]]|
calendar=[[Julian Calendar|Julian]]|
population=About 1210,000|website=[|Ukrainian Orthodox Church of CanadaUOCC]
The '''Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (UOCC)''' is a [[jurisdiction]] of the [[Ecumenical Patriarchate]] in Canada. The UOCC is based in Winnipeg, primarily serving Manitoba, and has the metropolitan Cathedral ([[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Winnipeg, Manitioba)]]) , [[seminary]] ([[St. Andrew's College (Winnipeg, Manitoba)|St. Andrew's College]]), and central administrative office based in that city. Also the Church has [[cathedral]]s in the cities of [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan)|Saskatoon]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian CanadiansOrthodox Cathedral (Vancouver, British Columbia)|Vancouver]], [[St. John's Cathedral (Edmonton, Alberta)|Edmonton]], [[St. Volodymyr's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Toronto, Ontario)|Toronto]], and [[St. Sophie's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Montreal, Quebec)|Montreal]].
It has [[cathedral]]s in Currently the cities of [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Winnipeg, Manitioba)|Winnipeg]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan)|Saskatoon]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Vancouver, British Columbia)|Vancouver]], [[St. John's Cathedral (Edmonton, Alberta)|Edmonton]], [[St. Volodymyr's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Toronto, Ontario)|Toronto]], and [[St. Sophie's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Montreal, Quebec)|Montreal]]. The [[Metropolitan]] Cathedral, [[seminary]] ([[St. Andrew's College (Winnipeg, Manitoba)|St. AndrewChurch's College]]), and central administrative office are all based in Winnipeg. Its membership is about 1210,000, and the current [[primate]] of the church is Metropolitan [[John Yurij (StinkaKalistchuk) of WinnipegToronto|John Yurij (StinkaKalistchuk)]].
==Origin==Most of the ethnic Ukrainians moving to Canada in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were from Western Ukraine (predominantly from two provinces: Halychyna (aka Galicia) & Bukovyna). The settlers from Halychyna were predominately [[Eastern Rite Catholic|Greek Catholic]]s, and were tended early on by the local [[Image:HTUOCRoman Catholic]] [[hierarch]]y due to the fact that the Vatican wanted to assimilate the Greek Catholics into the mainstream. As the Halychany were coming to Canada, a smaller group of settlers were arriving from Bukovyna who were predominately Orthodox.jpg These Orthodox were initially served by the [[Orthodox Church in America|right|thumb|Holy Trinity Ukrainian Russian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral, WinnipegMission]] (who were part of the [[Church of Russia]]). The Russian Orthodox Mission was by then established in the northwest of North America through Alaska, and it served all the needs of the Orthodox in that area. It is also noteworthy that many native Ukrainian priests served in the Mission.
== History ==Most ethnic Both groups of Ukrainians moving desired to Canada from Western Ukraine in the late 19th have a church that was truly "Ukrainian Orthodox," and early 20th centuries were [[Eastern Rite Catholic|Greek Catholic]]s, a church that met their spiritual and were tended early on by the local [[Roman Catholic]] [[hierarch]]ycultural needs. At This led to the same time, a smaller group creation of settlers arriving from Bukovina were mostly the ''Ukrainian Greek Orthodox. Initially served by the [[Church of Russia|Russian mission]]Canada (UGOCC)'' in July 1918, by then established in the northwest city of North America through AlaskaSaskatoon, Saskatchewan. This convention established not only the Orthodox settlers sought church, but a native Ukrainian brotherhood to protect the church. The brotherhood (which had former Greek Catholics) condemned the [[Union of Brest-Litovsk]], which they organized in had created the summer of 1918 Greek Catholics in the city of Saskatoon, SaskatchewanUkraine.
The UOCC As soon as the Church was created, the lay leaders knew that they had strong ties to the find a [[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Churchbishop]] after 1921, when that body was established in Ukraineto guide the new Church. In 1990Thus, it became a [[canonical]] church by being accepted into the brotherhood approached [[Church Alexander (Nemolovsky) of ConstantinopleBrussels|Archbishop Alexander (Nemolovsky)]]from the Russian Orthodox Mission in North America. Abp. Alexander was the bishop of Winnipeg at the time. He had agreed at first to become the temporary bishop of the UGOCC, but later refused due to the fact that he claimed he did not want to lead a Ukrainian Church.
In July 2005, at Abp. Alexander was to preside over the Twenty-UGOCC's first [[Sobor]] of (Church council; this is a clergy-laity conference, where the UOCCbishops, [[Metropolitanpriest]] (then s, and [[Archbishoplaity]]participate) John (Stinka) , but the Sobor still continued without a bishop, and was elected Archbishop of Winnipeg and Metropolitan of All Canada. In late 2005, Archbishop John finally replaced Metropolitan held on [[Wasyly December 28]], 1918 (Fedakwhich is interesting to note that it is still recorded as ''SOBOR I'') . The Sobor led to the establishment of Winnipeg|Wasyly (Fedak)]] after the formerChurch's acceptance by the first theological [[seminary]] in Saskatoon. Sobor II took place on [[holy synodNovember 27]] , 1919, with the presence of bishops. an Antiochian Metropolitan Wasyly, who died in January 2005, had served as metropolitan for nearly 20 years[[Germanos (Shehadi) of Zahle]].
Currently, ==Formation of the Metropolitanate==The UOCC has just two bishops; this number is fewer than preferredhad strong ties to the [[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]] after 1921, as three bishops makes a council of bishopswhen that body was established in Ukraine. In 1951, and St. Mary the Protectress Cathedral (which was not in the UOCC prefers at that time) had invited [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg|Metropolitan Ilarion (Ohienko)]] to have four bishops Canada to help them better look after become their flock. To help resolve this situationchurch's bishop, while the Twenty-first Sobor chose Very Rev. Fr. Consistory of the UOCC had already invited [[Archbishop]] [[Michael (Khoroshy) of Toronto|Michael Skumeda as bishop-elect, (Khoroshy)]] and an Extraordinary Sobor will be held [[Bishop]] Platon (who reposed shortly after arriving in July 2007 Canada) to come to Canada to elect at least one bishopbe the Church's Metropolitan and Bishop respectively. In July 2006 Once the Consistory had learned of Metropolitan Ilarion's coming to Canada, they sought him out, and invited him to become Metropolitan John will of the UOCC. He accepted only if St. Mary the Protectress was to be enthroned as Archbishop of Winnipeg accepted back into the UOCC. The Consistory agreed, and the Central and Eastern Dioceses were created with Abp. Michael heading the Eastern Diocese with its headquarters in Toronto, and Metr. Ilarion heading the Central Diocesein Winnipeg as Metropolitan.
==BishopsThe UOCC today==In Ukrainian (Slavic) Tradition1990, the metropolitan is Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada became a [[canonical]] church by being accepted into the primate [[Church of the Constantinople]]. A few years later its sister church, and then followed by the archbishops and bishops[[Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA]] joined her.
In the UOCCOn [[January 10]], 2005, at the metropolitan is styled the ''Archbishop of Winnipeg, age of the Central Diocese, and All-Canada''95, while the next two bishops are styled ''[[Wasyly (ArchFedak)bishop of Edmonton, and the Western Diocese'' and the ''Winnipeg|Metropolitan Wasyly (ArchFedak)bishop of Toronto]] reposed, and three days after the Church had celebrated the Eastern Diocese''Nativity. When the Church His Beatitude has 4 Bishops, served in the 4th is always styled the ''Bishop capacity of SaskatoonMetropolitan and Primate for nearly twenty years. The funeral services took place on [[January 21]] and [[January 22|22]] at Holy Trinity Cathedral, and Vicar many Orthodox Christians of many nationalities paid their last respects to the Central Diocese''former Metropolitan. Usually the church only has four bishops, but if there is a need Eight hierarchs gathered for more, then the titles available are ''Bishop funeral including His Eminence Metropolitan Iakovos of MontrealChicago, and Vicar who represented [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of the Eastern Diocese'', and ''Bishop Constantinople|Patriarch Bartholomew I of Vancouver, and the Vicar of the Western Diocese''Constantinople]].
List of bishopsIn July 2005, past and present, who served in at the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada:*Abp. 21st [[Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) of Kiev|Mstyslav (Skrypnyk)Sobor]] (later Archbishop, and Metropolitan of UOC of USA, and in 1990-93, Patriarch of Ukraine in the UAOC), deceased*Metr. [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg]] (first metropolitan in the UOCC) (1950-1972 as metropolitan), deceased*Metr. [[Michael (Khoroshy) of TorontoArchbishop]] John (1950-1977), metropolitan from 1972 to 1975 (at the XV Sobor in 1975, Metropolitan Michael resigned as Metropolitan, as he wished to remain in the Eastern Diosese), deceased*Metr. [[Andrew (MetiukStinka) was elected ''Archbishop of Winnipeg]] (d. 1985), metropolitan from 1975 to 1985 (first Bishop of Edmonton), deceased*Abp. and [[Boris (Yakovkevych) of EdmontonMetropolitan]] (first Bishop of Saskatoon), deceased*AbpCanada''. [[Nicholas (Debryn) In late 2005 the Holy Synod of Toronto]], deceased*Metr. the Constantinopolitan Orthodox Church elected Archbishop John as the official successor to Metropolitan [[Wasyly (Fedak) of Winnipeg]] |Wasyly (1978-2005Fedak), metropolitan from 1985 to 2005, deceased*Metr. [[John (Stinka) of Winnipeg]] (1983of blessed memory. His Eminence thus became the first Canadian-present), metropolitan from 2005 to present*Abp. [[Yurij (Kalistchuk) born leader of Toronto]] (1989the Church in her 87-present)year history.
==See On [[July 23]], 2006, Metropolitan John was enthroned in Holy Trinity Cathedral by His Eminence Metropolitan [[Sotirios (Athanassoulas) of Toronto|Sotirios of Toronto]], the Exarch of Canada of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Also==*present were their Eminences Archbishops Yurij of Toronto and Antony of New York of the UOCUSA and His Grace Bishop Georgije of Hamilton of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Also present was the [[Ukrainian Chancellor]] of the Orthodox Church in America's Canadian Archdiocese, the USA]]Metropolitan and Metropolitan-Emeritus of the Ukrainian Catholic Church of Canada (Lawrence and Michael, respectively), and representatives of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and United Churches of Canada.
During a Church Council in August 2008, members came from all across the country came together to elect two new bishops, vote on a change of bylaws, and celebrate the 90th anniversary of the Church. Bishop [[Ilarion (Rudnyk) of Edmonton|Ilarion (Rudnyk)]], vicar bishop in Portugal (under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate), was elected to the Edmonton cathedra, and Bishop [[Andriy (Peshko) of Krateia|Andrij (Peshko)]], of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the United Kingdom, was elected to be the auxiliary of the Central Eparchy [] . With the election of these two young bishops, the UOCC again restored its Local Synod and a full slate of bishops for the Church. The Council was also attended by Bishop [[Christophoros (Rakintzakis) of Andida]] ([[auxiliary bishop]] of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Toronto), who represented the Ecumenical Patriarchate, and by Archbishop Antony of New York and Bishop Daniel of Chicago, both of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA. In October of that year, his Grace Ilarion's election was ratified by the Holy Synod of the Church of Constantinople and he was enthroned in St. John the Baptist's Cathedral in Edmonton, Alberta, on Sunday, [[October 26]], 2008 by his Eminence Metropolitan John [[]]. On [[July 18]], 2010 a sobor of the UOCC nominated Archbishop Yurij of Toronto to be the sixth Metropolitan of Winnipeg and Canada due to the ongoing health issues of Metropolitan John. In August the Holy Synod of the Church of Constantinople elected Archbishop Yurij to the vacant Winnipeg cathedra, following which he was [[enthronement|enthroned]] on [[November 21]], 2010 by a representative of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. ==Hierarchy and structure==According to the custom of the Orthodox Church in the Ukraine the [[primate]] of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (UOCC) has the rank of [[metropolitan]], with his brother hierarchs holding the rank of [[bishop]] or [[archbishop]] depending on their years of service in the Church. In the UOCC the primate is styled the ''Archbishop of Winnipeg and Metropolitan of Canada'' and serves as the ruling hierarch of the Eparchy of Central Canada, whilst his brother hierarchs with care of the Eparchies of Eastern and Western Canada are styled ''Bishop of Edmonton and Western Canada'' (or ''Archbishop of Edmonton and Western Canada'') and ''Bishop of Toronto and Eastern Canada'' (or ''Archbishop of Toronto and Eastern Canada'') respectively. Auxiliary bishops of the Eparchy of Central Canada are titled ''Bishop of Saskatoon,'' whilst auxiliary bishops of the Eastern and Western Canadian Eparchies are titled ''Bishop of Montreal'' and ''Bishop of Vancouver'' respectively. The Eparchy of Western Canada is comprised of the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia and the Yukon and Northwest Territories. The Eparchy of Central Canada consists of the provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba together with Nunavut Territory. The Eparchy of Eastern Canada is comprised of the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. ==Past Hierarchs of the UOCC==A list of hierarchs who have served in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada in the past:*Metropolitan Germanos (Shehadi) - (1919-1924)*Archbishop [[John (Theodorovich) of Philadelphia]] - (1924-1946)*Archbishop [[Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) of Kiev|Mstyslav (Skrypnyk)]] - (1947-1950)*Metropolitan [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg]] - (1951-1972)*Metropolitan [[Michael (Khoroshy) of Toronto]] - (1951-1977)*Metropolitan [[Andrew (Metiuk) of Winnipeg]] - (1959-1985)*Archbishop [[Boris (Yakovkevych) of Edmonton]] - (1963-1984)*Archbishop [[Nicholas (Debryn) of Toronto]] - (1975-1983)*Metropolitan [[Wasyly (Fedak) of Winnipeg]] (1978-2005) ===Primates===Primates of the UOCC:*Metropolitan Ilarion (Ohienko) - (1951-1972)*Metropolitan Michael (Khoroshy) - (1972-1975)*Metropolitan Andrew (Metiuk) - (1975-1985)*Metropolitan Wasyly (Fedak) - (1985-2005)*Metropolitan John (Stinka) - (2005-2010)*Metropolitan Yurij (Kalistchuk) - (2010-present) ==Current Hierarchs==Listed here are the current hierarchs of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada:*Metropolitan [[Yurij (Kalistchuk) of Toronto|Yurij (Kalistchuk) of Winnipeg and Canada]] (Central Canadian Eparchy) - (2010-present)*Bishop [[Ilarion (Rudnyk) of Edmonton]] (Western Canadian Eparchy) - (2008-present)*Bishop [[Andriy (Peshko) of Krateia|Andriy (Peshko) of Saskatoon, Auxiliary]] (Central Canadian Eparchy) - (2008-present) ==See also==*[[Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA|Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA]] == External links ==
* [ Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada]
* [ History of UOCC: "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow"] by Rt. Rev. Dr. Oleh Krawchenko from the Orthodox Research Institute
[[Category:Ecumenical Patriarchate Dioceses]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Canada]]
[[ro:Biserica Ortodoxă Ucraineană a Canadei]]

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