The holy, glorious, right-victorious martyr '''Pamphilius of Caesarea''' lived in Caesarea at the turn of the third and fourth centuries. There he founded a magnificent library, said to have been second in size to that in Alexandria, that remained the glory of the Church of Caesarea for several centuries. He presided over a school or college for students.
Little is known of his early life. He is believed to have been born about 240. He came from Phoenicia, born in Berytus (now Beirut), and is believed to have been from a prominent and wealthy family, a nobleman, who sold his patrimony and gave the proceeds to the poor and to indigent students. His education included studies under the Christian teacher Pierius in Alexahderia, Egypt. He became a student of the writings of [[Origen]]. He came to reside in Caesarea where he presided over his school and began his library.
By the end of 307 Pamphilius was arrested under the orders of Urbanus, the local Roman governor, tortured cruelly, and placed in prison. Yet, in prison and suffering from his torture wounds, Pamphilius did not remain idle but continued editing the Septuagint and with [[Eusebius of Caesarea|Eusebius]], wrote a Defense of Origen that he sent to the confessors in the mines of Phaeno, Egypt.
Pamphilius of Caesarea]