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Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand

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{{diocese|
name=Serbian Orthodox Diocese Church - Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand ''and'' Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand, New Gracanica Metropolitanate|
jurisdiction=[[Church of Serbia]]|
type=DiocesesDiocese|
founded=1974|
bishop=Hieromonk Bp [[Irinej Siluan (DobrijevicMrakic) of Australia and New Zealand|Irinej Siluan (DobrijevicMrakić)]], bishop-elect|see=Canberra ACT,<br>Elaine, VicAustralia and New Zealand|hq=Canberra, Australian Capital TerritorySydney, AustraliaNSW|
territory=Australia, New Zealand|
language=Serbian, Slavonic, English|
population=42,405
([http://www.cra.org.au/pages/00000226.cgi Census 2001])|
website=[http://www.soc.org.au Dioceses of Aust. & NZMetropolitanate Website]
}}
The '''Serbian Orthodox Church in - Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand''', headquartered in Canberra, ACT, and Elaine, VIC, is the descriptive term of two parallel dioceses in Australia and New Zealand: the Patriarchal ''local metropolitanate for Serbian Orthodox Diocese of parishes in Australia and New Zealand''; and the ''Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand, New Gracanica Metropolitanate''. Currently it It is headquartered in Sydney, NSW, and is headed by Bishop [[Milutin Siluan (KnezevicMrakic) of ValjevoAustralia and New Zealand|Milutin (Knežević)Siluan]] since [[October 22]], 2016.
At Prior to June 2011, the Metropolitanate was composed of two parallel dioceses: the May 2006 Holy Synod, [[Hieromonk]] [[Irinej (Dobrijevic) Patriarchal ''Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand|Irinej (Dobrijević)]] was appointed to head the Patriarchal diocese'', headquartered in Sydney, NSW; and administer the ''New Gracanica diocese. Until his October 2006 enthronementMetropolitanate - Serbian Orthodox Diocese for Australia and New Zealand'', howeverheadquartered in Canberra, Bishop Milutin will remain head of the diocesesACT.
== History ==
Prior After World War II, a number of Serbs emigrated to 1992, the Serbian Orthodox in Australia and New Zealand . They were under two seperate dioceses: the schismatic (until 1992) Free jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church's American-Canadian Diocese of Australia and New Zealand, administered firstly by a metropolitan who resided at New Gracanica Monastery, Illinois, USA, and then by a local bishop who resided at [[Monastery of New Kalenic until 1952 when the Patriarchate took the diaspora (Canberra, Australian Capital Territorywhere there was not an established diocese - including Australasia)|St. Savaunder it's Monastery (New Kalenic)]]omophorion. In 1963, Canberraan attempt to divide the American-Canadian diocese into three separate dioceses caused a schism, ACT, and with 14 Serbian Orthodox Church-School communities in Australia aligning with the larger 'Free Serbian Orthodox Church Diocese of for Australia and New Zealand, which was within ' (and 4 remaining with the [[Church of Serbia]] and presided over by a bishop resident at [[Monastery of St. Sava (Elaine, VictoriaPatriarchate in Belgrade)|St. Sava's Monastery]], Elaine, Victoria.
In 1992, an acceptance by the [[Church of Serbia]] ===Free Serbian Diocese===The first Assembly of the schismatic group on the condition of altering their 'Free' name to 'New Gracanica Metropolitanate' meant that there were now two directly overlapping dioceses in Serbian Orthodox Church Diocese for Australia and New Zealandwas held in October 1964, and a Diocesan Council was formed, which were administered by dividing Australia into two bishops, one each in Elaine administrative regions and Canberra. In 2000elevating two priests to archpriest to administer it on his behalf, Bishop with Archimandrite [[Nikanor Dimitrije (BogunovicBalak) of BanatAustralia and New Zealand|NicanorDimitrije (Balak)]] became the first sole consecrated bishop in Australia America in 1966 by Bp [[Dionisije (Milivojevich) of United States and Canada|Dionisije]] & [[Irenej (Kovacevic) of America and New ZealandCanada|Irenej]], being appointed reigning bishop of the New Gracanica Diocese and also administrator of the patriarchal diocesethen Archim. Petar (Bankerovic) was consecrated to be his assistant in November 1977 by Bps Irinej and Dimitrije. In 2003 Bishop Milutin was appointed bishop Bp Dimitrije reposed in May 1979, and Bp [[Petar (Bankerovic) of the Australia and New Gracanica diocese and administrator Zealand|Petar]] succeeded him in December of the patriarchal diocesesame year.
The idea of building a monastery, a home for the aged and a home for orphans was considered in 1972, but it was not until Dec 1978 that moves were taken to make this happen. Bp Petar (then Bishop-Administrator) sent an appeal to the parishes in the diocese, requesting funds, and the property was purchased in 1980 and blessed in January 1981 by Bp Petar. Considerable donations were received - financial, material and labour - through the 1980s, and the loan was paid off by the end of 1991. It was used as a monastery at various times in its history. An extraordinary Assembly was held in August 1984 in Illinois, USA, by delegates of the three Free Serbian dioceses, unanimously proclaiming the formation of the Free Serbian Orthodox Church. Bp Petar reposed on Nov 1988. Metropolitan [[Irenej (Kovacevic) of America and Canada|Irenej]] (in America) became its administrator, Archim. Sava of St Mark's Monastery, USA, as his deputy administrator. St Sava's Monastery, in Wallaroo, was completed in Jan 1990, and consecrated by Metr Irenej with Bp [[Vasilje (Veinovic) of Australia and New Zealand|Vasilje]] (of the Western European Diocese). In March 1991, Bp Vasilje was elected as the new bishop for Australia and New Zealand. ===Patriarchal Diocese===The Patriarchal parishes were organised within the Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Western Europe and Australia in March 1969, and separated in June 1973 to be the Serbian Orthodox Diocese in Australia and New Zealand. While it began as a much smaller entity, the patriarchal Diocese grew over time to be a little larger than the Free Serbian Orthodox diocese over the same territory. === Recent History Reconciliation===In 2006December 1990, Bp [[Pavle (Stojcevic) of Serbia|Pavle]] was elected Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church. He invited the Free Serbian Orthodox to talks in Belgrade, which occurred in Apr 1991, where a Reconciliation Proposal was made, the Free Serbian Orthodox were accepted under the Patriarchate as the 'New Gracanica Metropolitanate' (among other constitutional edits), and this was finalised through concelebration in Belgrade in February 1992. As a temporary situation, this meant that there were now two directly overlapping dioceses in Australia and New Zealand, which were administered by two bishops, one each in Elaine and Canberra. Amidst a wide variety of complaints from laity opposed to the merger, Bp Vasilje was transferred to a different (patriarchal) diocese, Bishop Milutin and Bp Sava (Juric) was appointed consecrated Bishop of Australia and New Zealand in May 1994. He reported in 1996 that the newlyNew Gracanica diocese had 15 parishes, and that he and Bp Luka co-formed diocese operated in serving the needs of faithful of Valjevo following both dioceses. Bps Sava & Luka jointly petitioned the Holy Synod for the separation unification of the Sabac-Valjevo diocesedioceses and its elevation to Metropolitanate, headed by a new hierarch. This was partially implemented in May 1999, when Bp Sava was transferred to Slovonia (Croatia) and Bp Luka was transferred to Paris, and Hieromonk Irinej Dobrijevic Bp [[Nikanor (Bogunovic) of Banat|Nikanor]] was appointed bishop of the New Gracanica Diocese and Administrator of the Patriarchal Diocese. In 2000, Bishop [[Nikanor (Bogunovic) of Banat|Nicanor]] became the first sole bishop in Australia and New Zealand, being appointed reigning bishop of the New Gracanica Diocese and also administrator of the patriarchal diocese. He established a joint legislative committee in 2002 which was to work on a new constitution. In 2003 his placesuccessor, Bishop Milutin was appointed bishop of the New Gracanica diocese and administrator of the patriarchal diocese. Hmk Irinej He experienced the first direct problem with the 'Property Trust Company's ordination to the episcopate is scheduled for 15 July 2006 at which then administered St. MarkSava's Cathedral Monastery in BelgradeWallaroo. In 2006, and his enthronement in Australia on 20 October Bp Milutin's transfer to the newly-formed diocese of Valjevo, the Holy Synod of the same year Serbian Orthodox Church elected Hieromonk Irinej Dobrijevic as Bishop of Australia and New Zealand[http://www.spc.org.yu/Saopstenja/sabor-maj-2006_e.html]. On 15 July, Archimandrite Irinej was consecrated at St Mark's Cathedral, Belgrade, and he was enthroned in Australia at St Sava Serbian Orthodox Church, Elanora Heights, Sydney, on [[October 21]], 2006[http://www.antiochian.org.au/content/view/471/6/]. Until this enthronementIn contrast to previous bishops, he was appointed the bishop of the patriarchal diocese and administrator of the New Gracanica diocese. He continued to work on the unification of the two dioceses. Implementing a decision of Bp Milutin's (in May 2004), Bp Irenej moved the administrative centre of the Diocese from St Sava Monastery to Sydney. Bp Irenej became the focus of attacks by dissident former-members of the Free Serbian diocese, including the Property Trust Company and directors thereof, stretching from 2006 to 2015 (including a NSW Supreme Court case decided on in May 2015). From 2007, there were disputes with representatives of a number of church-school communities, including St Nicholas (South Brisbane), St George (Manuka/Forrest), Saint Stefan of Dechani (Carrum Downs) and Saints Peter and Paul, Wodonga - each of whom had invited schismatic clergy from the [[Holy Synod in Resistance|Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Greece (Holy Synod in Resistance)]] (or, in St Nicholas South Brisbane's case, the [[Russian True Orthodox Church]]). Parallel assemblies of both dioceses were held in September 2010 to approve a new constitution, combining the dioceses into a metropolitanate, which was joyfully received in November 2010 by the Assembly of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church[http://soc.org.au/sr/English-News/Hot-Topics/2130-Communiqu%C3%A9-from-the-Assembly-of-Bishops-of-the-Serbian-Orthodox-Church-from-its-regular-meeting-held-in-Belgrade-November-17-20,-2010] and approved by the Holy Synod in May 2011[http://www.spc.rs/eng/communique_holy_assembly_bishops_serbian_orthodox_church_0], and the dioceses became the 'Serbian Orthodox Church - Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand' soon after. In 2016, Bp Irenej was elected Bishop Milutin will remain as head of the see Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Eastern America, and to replace him Fr Siluan was consecrated Bishop of Australia and New Zealand. Bp Siluan is one of a small number of Australian-born Orthodox bishops, as well as being the first to lead a diocese in Australia.
==Organization==
The Serbian Orthodox Church in - Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand is two parallel dioceses in a single metropolitanate across the one geographical territory of Australia and New Zealand, both under the one bishop. Currently there are 41 parishes in Australia and New Zealand, with two monasteries and one skete.
The Patriarchal Serbian Orthodox Church in Australia and New Zealand Diocese was a founding member of [[SCCOCA]], and the Metropolitanate represented in the Episcopal Assembly of All Canonical Orthodox Bishops of Oceania by Bp Irenej.
{{orthodoxyinaustralasia}}
===Monasteries===
*[[Monastery of New Kalenic (Canberra, Australian Capital Territory)|Monastery of Saint Sava "New Kalenic"]], Canberra, ACT. Bishop's residence.
*[[Monastery of St Sava (Elaine, Australia)|Monastery of Saint Sava]], Elaine, Victoria. Headed by Archimandrite Theodore.
*[[Skete of the Nativity of the Theotokos (Inglewood, Australia)|Skit Rodjenje Presvete Bogorodice]], Inglewood, South Australia. Headed by Abbess Anastasia
== The Episcopacy ==
===Diocesan Bishop===
*Bishop [[Milutin Siluan (Knezevic) of Valjevo|Milutin (Knezevic) of Australia and New Zealand]], 2003-Oct 2006.: Bishop-elect [[Irinej (DobrijevicMrakic) of Australia and New Zealand|Irinej (Dobrijevic)]], yet to be consecrated or enthroned, from Oct 2006.
===Former Patriarchal Hierarchs of Australia and New Zealand, Patriarchal Diocese===* Bishop [[Lavrentije (Trifunovic) of Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand]], 196?-1974* Bishop [[Nikolai (Mrdja) of Australia and New Zealand]], 1974-19??
* Bishop [[Vasilije (Vadic) of Srem|Vasilije (Vadic)]] of Australia and New Zealand, 198?-1986.
* Bishop [[Longin (Krco) of America and Canada|Longin (Krco)]] of Australia and New Zealand, 1986-1992
* Bishop [[Luka (Kovacevic) of France and Western Europe|Luka(Kovacevic)]] of Australia and New Zealand, 1993-1999.* Bishop [[Irinej (Dobrijevic) of Australia and New Zealand]], 2006-2016
===Former Hierarchs of Australia and New Zealand, Free Serbian (1963-1992) and New Gracanica (1992-2000) Hierarchs of Australia and New Zealand===:''nb. considered Considered schismatic by the [[Church of Serbia]] until reconciliation in 1992.''.* Bishop [[Dionisije (Milivojevich) of America United States and Canada]], 1963-19??1966.* Bishop [[Dimitrije (Balac) of America and Canada]], 19??1966-19??1979.* Bishop [[Petar (Bankerovic) of Australia and New Zealand]], 198?1979-1988.* Metropolitan [[Irenej (Kovacevic) of America and Canada]], 1988-1991 (as Administrator)* Bishop Vasilije [[Vasilje (Veinovic) of Australia and New Zealand]], ~19881991-1993.* Bishop [[Sava (Juric) of Slavonia|Sava (Juric)]] of Australia and New Zealand, 19931994-1999.
===Former Hierarchs of the New Gracanica and for the Patriarchal Dioceses===
:''From Between 1999and 2006, the bishop of the New Gracanica diocese administered the Patriarchal diocese''* Bishop [[Nikanor (Bogunovic) of Banat|Nikanor (Bogunovic)]] of Australia and New Zealand, ~20001999-2003.
* Bishop [[Milutin (Knezevic) of Valjevo|Milutin (Knezevic)]] of Australia and New Zealand. 2003-2006.
== External links ==
* [http://www.soc.org.au Official Website of the Dioceses]
* [httphttps://www.beogradcaselaw.comnsw.gov.au/phonelistdecision/serbian_ortodox_church_in_aus_and_nz.htm Parish listing55641476e4b06e6e9f0f5d65 Bishop Irinej Dobrijevic & Anor v Free Serbian Orthodox Church, Diocese for Australia & New Zealand Property Trust & Ors [2015] NSWSC 637] (although old and unofficial, this list is both the most complete and most accurate available)
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
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