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New Valamo

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The '''Valamo''' Monastery or the '''New Valamo''' Monastery of the [[Transfiguration]] of Christ is the only [[monasticism|monastic]] community for [[monk|men]] under the Diocese of Karelia of the [[Church of Finland]] and is located in the district of Heinävesi in the eastern part of Finland.The monastery traces its origins to the [[Valaam Monastery]] in Karelia on Valaam Island in Lake Lodaga. ==History==The existence of New Valaam Monastery began with the founding of Valaam Monastery of Valaam Island sometime during the twelfth to the fourteenth centuries. The foundation of the monastery has been attributed to [http://www.ortodoksi.net/index.php/Sergius_and_Herman_of_Valaam Ss. Sergei and Herman of Valaam]. During the years following its founding the monastery experienced periods of tribulation and expansion. Early in the seventeenth century the monastery was destroyed and monastic life ended for about a hundred years. Under a decree by Tsar Peter I the monastery was rebuilt and began an active existence until early twentieth century. As the monastery was located in the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, when Finland gained its independence in 1917, during the Russian revolutions, Karelia and Valaam became part of the new nation of Finland. The Orthodox Christians in Karelia then formed the [[Church of Finland]] that became autonomous under the [[Church of Constantinople]]. Valaam was the most important monastery of the Finnish Orthodox Church. The liturgical language was changed from [[Church Slavonic]] to Finnish, and the liturgical [[calendar]] from the Julian to the [[Gregorian Calendar|Gregorian]] calendar. These changes led to bitter decade-long disputes in the monastic community, but the monastery prospered. In 1940, life for the monastery on Lake Lodoga changed radically. During the Winter War with the Soviet Union in 1940, the 200 [[monk]]s from the monastery on Lake Lodoga were evacuated, in February 1940, to Papinniemi in the municipality of Heinavesi, Finland. With the end of the war the border was moved westward so that all of Lake Ladoga was within the Soviet Union. Thus, returning to Valaam Island was not an option for the Valaam monks. Having lost their former home, the monks who had moved to Finland formed New Valaam (Valamo) Monastery that is the only monastery for men in the Finnish Church.  The choice of Papinniemi as the new home of New Valaam Monastery is rooted in the tradition of the original founding of the monastery by the monks Sergei, of Greek origin, and Herman, born in Karelia. A icon of the two [[saint]]s was found in the manor house of Yrjo Herman Saastamoinen, a government minister, who had given the estate to the monks. The monks of Valaam interpreted this find as a sign of God that this place should be their new home, having been led there by Ss Sergei and Herman. During the ensuing decades, as the monastic population aged and declined in numbers, the monastery experienced difficult times. During the 1970s a turn for a more active monastic life began as a new [[church]] was built and new [[novice]]s came to the monastery. The source of livelihood also changed, as the monastery became a destination for tourists and a center for Orthodox culture in Finland. ==Monastery==The monastery is situated on the shores of Lake Joujarvi, with easy access from major highways and an airport. The monastery has facilities available for business and conference visitors as well as private individuals and groups. The [[hegumen]] of the monastery in [[Archimandrite]] Sergi. He has led the monastery monks since 1997. An average of ten monks are in residence. The monks live in housing built in 1979 that comprise 16 cells. Each monk occupies an individuals cell, and live an ascetic life of work, prayer, and rest. 
== External links ==
*[http://www.valamo.fi/en/index.php Valamo Official site: The New Valaam Monastery in Finland]*[http://www.ortodoksi.net/tietopankkiindex.php/luostarit/valamon_luostari.htm Uuden_Valamon_luostari The New Valamo Valaam Monastery / Ortodoksi.net]*[http://www.ortodoksi.net/kuvat/paikat/valamon_luostari.htm Photos Pictures / New ValamoOrtodoksi.net]*Panorama pictures [http://www.ortodoksi.net/tietopankki/luostarit/valamo_suuri.htm Panorama picture of Valaam Church / Ortodoksi.net], *[http://www.ortodoksi.net/tietopankkiindex.php/luostarit/valamo3_suuriSergius_and_Herman_of_Valaam Ss.htm] Sergius and [http:Herman of Valaam //www.ortodoksiOrtodoksi.net/tietopankki/luostarit/valamo2_suuri.htm]
[[Category:Finnish Monasteries]]
[[Category:Monasteries]]
 
 
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