== History ==
In 1924, Metropolitan Miron of the [[Church of Romania]] introduced the [[New Calendar]] or [[Gregorian Calendar]] for use in the Church. Although most Romanians accepted the change, the skete of the Protection of the Theotokos in northern Moldavia rejected it. In 1925, lead by Hieromonk Glicherie (now canonized as [[St Glicherie of Romania, the Confessor]]), some of the bretheren left the skete to start an Old Calendarist group. When, in 1926 and 1929, Metropolitan Miron ordered [[Pascha]] to be celebrated according to the Papal [[Paschallion]], a large number of faithfull, including Russians émmigrés, left the [[Church of Romania]] and joined the Old Calendarists. By 1936, the Old Calendarists numbered about 40 parishes.<BR><BR>
Beginning in 1935, the Old Calendarists were under persecution
, ordered by Metropolitan Miron. By 1940, ten Old Calendar priests had died in prison, and all of the Old Calendar churches had been shut down. St Glicherie was imprisoned, but, at the beginning of World War Two, released.<BR><BR>
By 1950, with the release of St Glicherie and other priests from prison, many of the churches were rebuilt. In 1955, Metropolitan Galaktion left the [[Church of Romania]] to serve the Old Calendarists, and immediately [[ordained]] new [[priests]] and [[deacons]]. However, he was soon arrested, and placed under house arrest in Bucharest. Under house arrest, Galaktion [[ordained]] three other [[bishops]], including St Glicherie, who, in 1957, became the head of the True Orthodox Church of Romania.