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Symeon the Stylite

397 bytes added, 18:56, October 22, 2012
[[Image:Symeon the Stylite.jpg|right|frame|Saint Symeon the Stylite]]
Our venerable and [[God-bearing]] Father '''Symeon the Stylite''' or Simeon, also called "the Great" (c. 390-459) was a [[monk]] living in Syria. ''[[Stylite]]'' means one who lives on a pillar (''style'' in Greek). He is celebrated by the [[Orthodox Church]] on [[September 1]].
Crowds came to him to receive healing and to learn more about the Christian faith, but to avoid them, Symeon went up to a pillar and began to live there in a little cell, still devoted to [[prayer]] and fasting. He sat or stood in prayer for many weeks at a time, but he was hardly cut off from the world.
He wrote letters and even received visitors via a ladder. Many threatened and ridiculed him, but far more were inspired by his constant fasting and prayer. Those who were attentive to his teachings include the Emperor Theodosius II of Rome and his wife, Empress Aelia Eudocia, as well as the [[Righteous]] [[Genevieve of Paris]]. His letter to the Emperor Leo of Constantinople in favor of the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]] was highly respected. Many people came to listen to him and even to be [[baptism|baptized]]:
[[Image:Column of Simeon.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Column of St. Symeon, Syria]]:''"[[Theodoret of Cyrrhus|Theodoret]] says that he became so famous in Rome that the Nomadic Arabs by the thousands believed in [[Jesus|Christ]] and were baptized because of him; the King of Persia sent envoys to inquire into his way of life, and the Queen asked to be sent oil that he had blessed. He also was a great defender of sound doctrine, and confirmed the Orthodoxy of the Holy Council of [[Chalcedon ]] for many who had been beguiled by the teachings of the [[Monophysitism|Monophysites]], including the Empress Eudocia, widow of Theodosius the Younger. After a life of unheard-of achievements and struggles, he reposed in peace at the age of sixty-nine, in the year 459."'' ([ 1])
His body was taken down three days after his death, and his [[relics]] were sent to Antioch.
[[Apolytikion]] (First Tone):
:Thou becamest a pillar of patience and didst emulate the [[Forefather]]s, O righteous one:
:[[Job the Long-suffering|Job]] in his sufferings, [[Joseph the Forefather|Joseph]] in temptations, and the life of the bodiless while in the body,
:O Symeon, our righteous Father, [[intercede]] with Christ God that our souls be saved.
==External Links and Sources==
''The biography of Saint Symeon is found in the writings of the monk Anthony, who wrote it in Greek after witnessing the death of Saint Symeon. Another biography was written in [[Aramaic ]] by two other followers: Symeo, son of Apollon, and Barhtar Barudan. The third source is the "History" of Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrrhus, in 444.'' ([ 2])
*[ Simeon the Stylite] of the ''Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius'' Book 1, Chapter 13 by [[Evagrius Scholasticus ]] (AD 431-594), translated by E. Walford.
*[ St. Symeon and the Pillar Saints] ''History of the Christian Church, Volume III: Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity. A.D. 311-600.'' Chapter 4, Section 37, by Philip Schaff.
*[ St. Symeon the Stylite Monastery] details the life of Saint Symeon as well as the history of the monastery in his name in Syria
*[ Simeon Stylites the Elder, Hermit] from the site of Saint Patrick's Church in Washington, DC ([[Roman Catholic Church|Catholic]])
*[ &FSID=102448 Saint Symeon the Stylite] from the [[Orthodox Church in America]] website
*[ Father Symeon Stylite the Elder] from the Santa Barbara [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America|Greek Orthodox Church]] in Orange, CT
*[ Symeon the Stylite] from the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America]] website
*[ Simeon Stylites] (Wikipedia article)
*[ Icon of St. Simeon the Stylite with his mother, St. Martha]
*[ Icon of St. Simeon the Stylite]
[[Category:Church Fathers]]
[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
[[Category:5th-century saints]]
[[fr:Syméon le Stylite]]
[[ro:Simeon Stâlpnicul]]

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