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Lenten Triodion

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The '''Lenten Triodion''' is the service book of the Orthodox Church that provides the texts for the divine services for the pre-Lenten weeks of preparation, [[Great Lent]], and [[Holy Week]]. ''The Lenten Triodion'' is the title of a classic and popular English book translated with an extensive and helpful introduction by [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Metropolitan Kallistos]] and Mother Mary; it provides many (but not all) of the texts necessary to observe the great fast. In Greek and Slavonic it is simply called the ''triodion''. It is called the ''triodion'' because the canons appointed for Orthros [[Matins]] during this period are composed of three odes each.
The weeks of preparation, and especially the Sunday [[gospel]] readings, serve to exercise the mind, whereas the fasting of Great Lent focuses on the body, and Holy Week's services exercise the spirit.
== Weeks of Preparation preparation ==
The three weeks that commence on the fourth [[Sunday]] prior to [[Great Lent]] constitute the weeks of preparation. Each has its own distinct theme which is expressed in the [[Gospels]] readings appointed for the Divine Liturgies on these days:
:1. [[Sunday of the [[Publican and Pharisee]] ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 18:9-14),:2. [[Sunday of the [[Prodigal Son]] ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 15:11-32), and:3. [[Sunday of the [[Last Judgment]] (also called [[Meatfare Sunday]]; [[Gospel of Matthew|Matt]] 25:31-46).:4. Sunday of [[Forgiveness Sunday|Forgiveness]] (also called [[Cheesefare Sunday]]; the expulsion of [[Adam ]] from Eden is also a theme of this day); [[Gospel of Matthew|Matt]] 6:14-21.
The Church eases us into the Lenten [[fasting]] discipline during this period. The week following the Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee is fast-free. The week following the Prodigal Son is a normal week -- we fast as usual on Wednesday and Friday. In the week following Meatfare Sunday, no meat is eaten; eggs, fish, and dairy are permitted on any day.
Forgiveness Sunday brings the period of preparation to an end. The next day, [[Pure Clean Monday]], begins Great Lent. The [[Vespers]] service served on the evening of Forgiveness Sunday includes the Rite of Mutual Forgiveness and is the first service of Great Lent. 
== Great Lent ==
Great Lent begins on the Monday following [[Forgiveness Sunday]] (also called [[Cheesefare Sunday]]) with each Sunday highlighted as follows:
:1. [[Sunday of Orthodoxy]] ([[Gospel of John|John]] 1:43-51),
:2. [[Sunday of St. Gregory Palamas]],
:3. [[Sunday of the Holy Cross]],
:4. [[Sunday of St. John Climacus]], and
:5. [[Sunday of St. Mary of Egypt]].
== Holy Week ==
Great Lent is followed by [[Holy Week]], the week beginning with [[Palm Sunday]] and preceding Pascha.
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==Sources==
*[[February 20]], 2005 (Sunday of the [[Publican and Pharisee]]) [[sermon]] by Fr. Costin Popescu at St. [[Basil the Great|Vasilios]] [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America|Greek Orthodox Church]] in Peabody, MA*[http://www.ocf.org/OrthodoxPage/prayers/triodion/triodion.html Online Lenten Triodion] from the Community of the Holy Myrrhbearers*[http://www.svspress.com/product_info.php?products_id=1632 The Lenten Triodion], tr. Bishop [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Kallistos]] and Mother Mary
*[http[Category:Liturgics]][[Category:Lent]][[Category://www.ocf.org/OrthodoxPage/prayers/triodion/triodion.html Online Lenten Triodion fromLiturgics]] the Community of the Holy Myrrhbearers
*[http[fr://www.svspress.com/product_info.php?products_id=1632 The Lenten TriodionTriode]], tr. Bishop Kallistos and Mother Mary[[ro:Triod]][[Categoryel:LiturgicsΤριώδιο]]
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