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Nicephorus I of Constantinople

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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''== The Patriarch Nicephorus I of Constantinople ==''', also ''Nikephoros'' and the [[Confessor]], was the [[Patriarch]] of Constantinople from 806 to 815 during the era of [[iconoclasm|iconoclastic]] disputes during the early ninth century. His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[June 2]], and the [[Translation (relics)|translation]] of his [[relics]] from Prokonnis to Constantinople on [[March 13]].
Saint ==Life==St. Nicephorus (cwas born about 758. He was well educated. His father, Theodore, was secretary to the emperor [[Constantine V]] Copronymus, a iconoclast. Theodore, however, was an iconodule and came into conflict with the emperor who removed him from his position and then had him scourged and tortured before banishing him. 758-828)Thus, like Nicephorus grew up with his namesake father's example of defending the veneration of the images before his eyes.  When Constantine VI and [[Irene of Athens|Irene]] came to the imperial throne and restored the use of sacred images in churches, Nicephorus came to their notice and soon obtained their favor and was placed in his father's former position. He distinguished himself greatly by his zeal against the Iconoclasts. He also was secretary to the [[Seventh Ecumenical Council]]. After the death of [[Patriarch]] [[Tarasius of Constantinople]] on [[February 25]], 806, no one was found more worthy to succeed him than Nicephorus. To give an authentic testimony of his faith, during the time of his consecration he held in his hand a treatise he had written in defense of holy images, and after the ceremony was concluded, he laid it in back the [[altar]] as a pledge that he would always maintain the tradition of the Church. Over the following years, emperor Constantine was blinded, Irene banished, emperor Nicephorus I, her successor, had fallen before the Bulgarians, emperor Michael I was driven from the throne, and, in 813, Leo the Armenian became emperor. He was an iconoclast. Leo began a campaign to suppress the veneration of the [[icon]]s and to persuade Patr. Nicephorus to approve their removal. But, the patriarch did not bend. Forseeing the storm gathering, Patr. Nicephorus and several [[bishop]]s and [[abbot]]s spent most of their time in [[prayer]]. Soon, emperor Leo, with certain Iconoclastic bishops, sent for Patr. Nicephorus and his fellow-historian Gregoras five centuries laterbishops. They obeyed the summons to the palace, sacrificed but entreated the emperor to leave the government of the Church to her pastors. In a rage Leo drove them from his position presence. Later, the iconoclast bishops assembled in the defence imperial palace and directed Patr. Nicephorus to appear before them, to which he responded, "Who gave you this authority?" Saying he would obey only to one of Orthodox doctrine the other patriarchs.  The iconoclastic bishops proceeded to pronounce against heresy him a sentence of [[deposition]] and the holy pastor, after several attempts had been made secretly to take away his life, was sent by the emperor into banishment. Michael the Stammerer, who succeeded Leo the Armenian, in 820, also favored the iconoclastic faction, and continued to harass S. Nicephorus, who died in exile, on [[June 2]], 828, in the Orthodox conscience agains dictation from [[monastery]] of St. Theodore. By order of the stateempress [[Theodora (9th century empress)|Theodora]], his body was brought to Constantinople with great pomp, on [[March 13]], 846.  His Patriarchate principal works are three writings against iconoclasm. ==Hymns==[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 3) []:Your inspired confession gained victory for the Church,:O holy [[Hierarch]] Nicephorus.:You suffered unjust exile through reverence for the [[icon]] of God the Word.:O righteous Father,:Pray to Christ our God to grant us his great mercy! Troparion (806-815Tone 4) was marked[]:Christ the Truth of All has shown you to your flock as a model of faith, :An image of [[meekness]] and terminateda teacher of [[abstinence]].:You attained [[heaven]] through [[humility]]:And acquire riches through poverty.:O holy Father Nicephorus, by :Intercede with Christ to save our souls. [[Kontakion]] (Tone 4) []:You received from God the victor's crown;:Now save those who faithfully honor you:As a hierarch and teacher of Christ!  {{start box}}{{succession|before=[[Tarasius of Constantinople|Tarasius]]|title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|years=806 – 815|after=[[Theodotus I of Constantinople|Theodotus I]]}}{{end box}} ==Source==*[ The Lives of the Saints - UCLA Library Vol 3] ==External links==*[ Translation of the relics of St Nicephorus the Patriarch of Constantinople] ([[OCA]])*[ St Nicephorus the reaction instigated by Leo V against Confessor the restoration Patriarch of religious imagesConstantinople] (OCA)*"Nicephorus" in ''New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge'', Vol. VIII, pp. [ 158]-[ 159] at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library*[[w:Ecumenical Patriarch Nikephoros I of Constantinople|''Ecumenical Patriarch Nikephoros I of Constantinople'' at Wikipedia]] [[Category:Saints]][[Category:Byzantine Saints]][[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]][[Category:Bishops]][[Category:9th-century bishops]][[Category:9th-century saints]] [[ro:Nichifor I de Constantinopol]]

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