The Romanian Orthodox Church is one of only
two [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] or [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox churches using a Romance language as a principal liturgical language. The autocephalous [[Church of Russia]] also uses Romanian as a principal liturgical language in its autonomous [[Church of Moldova]]. Various jurisdictions of the Orthodox Church in France and other European countries also use different romance languages as their principal liturgical language.
Byzantine religious records also mention a unique form of [[bishop|bishopric]] in the region—namely the ''[[chorepiscopos|chorepiscopate]]'' or ''countryside episcopacy''—as contrasted with the better-known religious centers in large cities. This office can be compared to the abbot-bishops of Ireland, who united the functions of countryside [[abbot]] with that of [[diocese|diocesan]] [[bishop]] in another country that did not emphasize an urban episcopate, at least for a time.