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Sabbas the Sanctified

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[[Image:Sava_the_Sanctified.jpg|thumb|frame|240px|St. Sabbas the Sanctified]]
The [[Venerable]] '''Sabbas the Sanctified''' was born in a Palestinian monastic who is credited with composing the fifth century at Cappadocia first [[monasticism|monastic]] rule of pious Christian parentschurch services, John and Sophiathe so-called "Jerusalem Typikon". His father He was a military commander. Journeying to Alexandria on military matters, his wife went with him, but they left their five-year-old son in the care staunch opponent of an uncle. When the boy reached eight years of age, he entered the monastery of St. Flavian located nearby. The gifted child quickly learned to read heretical [[Monophysitism|Monophysites]] and became an expert on the [[BibleOrigen|Holy ScriptureOrigenist]]smovements. In vain did his parents urge St. Sabbas to return to the world and enter into marriage His [[feast day]] is on [[December 5]].
When he ==Life==He was seventeen years old he received born in Mutalaska, near [[monastic]] [[ tonsureCaesarea]]in Cappadocia of pious Christian parents, John and attained such perfection Sophia, during the year 439. His father was a military commander. Traveling to Alexandria on military matters, his wife went with him, but they left their five-year-old son in [[fast]]ing and [[prayer]] that he was given the gift care of wonderworkingan uncle. After spending ten When the boy reached eight years at of age, he entered the [[monastery]] of St. Flavian, he went located nearby. The gifted child quickly learned to Jerusalem, read and from there to became an expert on the monastery of [[Euthymius the GreatBible|St. Euthymius the Great]] ([[January 20Holy Scripture]])s. But St. Euthymius sent In vain did his parents urge St. Sabbas to Abba Theoctistus, return to the head of a nearby monastery with a strict cenobitic rule. St. Sabbas lived in obedience at this monastery until the age of thirtyworld and enter into marriage.
After When he was seventeen years old he received [[monastic]] [[tonsure]], and attained such perfection in [[fast]]ing and [[prayer]] that he was given the death gift of the Elder Theoctistuswonderworking. In 456, his successor blessed after spending ten years at the monastery of St. Sabbas to seclude himself in a cave. On Saturdays, howeverFlavian, he left his hermitage traveled to [[Jerusalem]], and came from there to the monastery, where he participated in divine services and ate with of [[Euthymius the brethrenGreat|St. After a certain time Euthymius the Great]] ([[January 20]]). But St. Euthymius sent St. Sabbas received permission not to leave his hermitage at allAbba Theoctistus, and he struggled the head of a nearby monastery that practiced a strict [[cenobitic]] rule. St. Sabbas lived in obedience at this monastery until the cave for five yearsage of thirty.
St. Euthymius attentively directed After the life death of the young monkElder Theoctistus, and seeing his spiritual maturity, he began to take him successor blessed St. Sabbas to the Rouba wilderness with himseclude himself in a cave. They set out on January 14On Saturdays, however, he left his [[hermitage]] and remained there until came to the [[Palm Sundaymonastery]], where he participated in divine services and ate with the brethren. St. Euthymius called After a certain time St. Sabbas a child-elderreceived permission not to leave his hermitage at all, and encouraged him to grow he struggled in the monastic virtuescave for five years.
When St. Euthymius fell asleep in attentively directed the Lord (+473)life of the young [[monk]], St Sabbas withdrew from the Lavra and moved seeing his spiritual maturity, he began to take him to a cave near the monastery of Rouba wilderness with him. They set out on [[Gerasimus of Jordan|St. Gerasimus of JordanJanuary 14]] (, and remained there until [[March 4Palm Sunday]]). After several years, disciples began to gather around St. Sabbas, seeking the monastic life. As the number of monks increased, a lavra sprang up. When a pillar of fire appeared before Euthymius called St. Sabbas as he was walkinga child-elder, he found a spacious cave and encouraged him to grow in the form of a churchmonastic virtues.
When St. Euthymius fell asleep in the Lord (+473), St. Sabbas withdrew from the [[Lavra]] and moved to a cave near the monastery of [[Gerasimos of the Jordan|St. Gerasimus of Jordan]] ([[March 4]]). In 478, he moved to a cave on the cliffs of the Kedron Gorge southeast of Jerusalem. His hermitage formed the foundation of the monastery later named after him ([[Holy Lavra of St. Savas (Jerusalem)|Lavra Mar Saba]]) and known in ancient sources as the ''Great Lavra''. After several years, [[disciple]]s began to gather around St. Sabbas, seeking the monastic life. As the number of monks increased, the lavra came into being. When a pillar of fire appeared before St. Sabbas as he was walking, he found a spacious cave in the form of a [[church]].  In 491, Patriarch Salustius of Jerusalem [[ordination|ordained]] him a [[priest]]. In 494, the [[patriarch]] named St. Sabbas the [[archimandrite]] of all the monasteries in Palestine.  St. Sabbas founded several more other monasteriesincluding the New Lavra, the Lavra Heptastomos, and Heptastomos. <ref>[http://ecole.evansville.edu/glossary/sabasgr.html] Sabas the Great</ref> Many miracles took place through the prayers of St. Sabbas: at the Lavra : a spring of water welled up, during a time of drought , there was abundant rain, and there were also healings of the sick and the demoniacs. St. Sabbas composed the first monastic Rule of church services, the so-called "Jerusalem Typikon", that became accepted by all the Palestine monasteries. The saint surrendered St. Sabbas died in his soul to God lavra on December 5, 532 and is buried in a tomb in the year 532courtyard between two ancient churches in the midst of the remnant of the great Lavra Mar Saba monastery. His feast [[relics]] had been taken to Italy in the twelfth century by Crusaders, but were returned to the monastery by Pope Paul VI in 1965 in a goodwill gesture toward the Orthodox. St. Sabbas championed the Orthodox cause against the monophysite and Origenist movements of his day is on , personally calling upon the Roman emperors in Constantinople, [[December 5Flavius Anastasius|Anastasius I]]in 511 and [[Justinian]] in 531, to influence them in opposing the [[heretic|heretical]] movements. St. Sabbas reposed in 532. ==References==<references/>* John Patrich. ''Chapels and Hermitages of St. Sabas’ Monastery,'' Yoram Tsafrir, ed., Ancient Churches Revealed, Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1993. ISBN 965-221-016-1* Joseph Patrich. ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=O4pj9YNdgJYC The Sabaite Heritage in the Orthodox Church from the Fifth Century to the Present].'' Peeters Publishers, 2001. 463 pp.ISBN 9789042909762
==Sources==
*[http://wwwocafs.oca.org/FSlivesFeastSaintsLife.asp ?FSID=103477 Venerable Sava the Sanctified]*[http://www.ocacomeandseeicons.org - Lives com/s/inp164.htm Icon of Saints, December 5Saba the Sanctified]*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/s/cdw03.htm Icon of Savas the Sanctified] ==External links==*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabbas_the_Sanctified Wikipedia: Sabbas the Sanctified]*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13286b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: St.Sabbas]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
[[Category:Desert Fathers]]
[[Category:Hermits]]
[[Category:Monastics]]
[[Category:6th-century saints]]
 
[[el:Σάββας ο ηγιασμένος]]
[[ro:Sava cel Sfinţit]]
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