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Oriental Orthodox

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The term '''''Oriental Orthodox''''' refers to the churches of [[Eastern Christian]] traditions that keep the faith of only the first three [[Ecumenical Council]]s of the undivided [[Orthodox Church]] - the —the councils of [[First Ecumenical Council|Nicea I]], [[Second Ecumenical Council|Constantinople I]] and [[Third Ecumenical Council|Ephesus]]. The Oriental Orthodox churches rejected the [[dogma|dogmatic definition]]s of the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]](A.D. 451).
Thus, despite potentially confusing nomenclature, Oriental Orthodox churches are distinct from the churches that collectively refer are referred to themselves as ''[[Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodoxy]]''.
The Oriental Orthodox churches came to a [[schism|parting of the ways]] with the remainder of [[Christianity]] in the [[5th century]]. The separation resulted in part from the Oriental Orthodox churches' refusal to accept the [[Christology|Christological]] [[dogma]]s promulgated by the Council of [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]], which held that [[Jesus Christ]] has is in two [[physis|nature]]s — natures — one divine and one human, although these were inseparable and only act as one [[hypostasis]]. To the [[hierarch]]s who would lead the Oriental Orthodox, this was tantamount to accepting [[Nestorianism]]. In response, they advocated a formula that stressed unity of the [[Incarnation]] over all other considerations, that being "one nature of God the Word Incarnate", "of/from two natures" in and after the union. The Oriental Orthodox churches are therefore often called "[[Monophysitism|Monophysite]]" churches, although they reject this label, which is associated with [[Eutychianism|Eutychian Monophysitism]], preferring the term "''non-Chalcedonian" '' or "''Miaphysite" '' churches. Oriental Orthodox Christians anathematize the Monophysite teachings of [[Eutyches]]. They are sometimes also known as "''anti-Chalcedonians''."
In the [[20th century]], a number of dialogues have occurred between the Oriental Orthodox and the Eastern/Byzantine Chalcedonian Orthodox which suggest revealed that both communions now share a common [[christologyChristology]] with differing terminology. As yet, [[full communion]] has not been restored. There have also been some agreed christological Christological statements issued in conjuction conjunction with the [[Roman Catholic Church]] and the Eastern Orthodox (Chalcedonian) family (Ecumenical Patriarchate and official representatives of other Eastern Orthodox Churches) [http://www.monachos.net/mb/messages/4225/ORIENT3-20256.doc].
==Oriental Orthodox CommunionChurches ==The Oriental Orthodox Communion is a group of churches within Oriental Orthodoxy which are in [[full communion]] with each other. The communion includes:* The [[Church of Armenia]] (Armenian Apostolic Church)* The [[Church of Antioch (Jacobite)]] (Syrian Orthodox)* The [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)]]* The [[Church of Ethiopia]] (Tewahedo Church)* The [[Church of Eritrea]] (Tewahedo Church)* The [[Church of India]] (Malankara, Indian Orthodox, Orthodox Syrian Church of the East){{orientalchurches}}
==Assyrian Church of the East==The [[Assyrian Church Oriental Orthodox communion is a group of the East]] ([[Nestorianism|Nestorian]] Church) is sometimes considered an churches within Oriental Orthodox Church, although they left the [[One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church|one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church]] Orthodoxy which are in reaction to the [[Third Ecumenical Council|Council of Ephesusfull communion]] 20 years earlier directly and revere as indirectly with one another [[saint]]s men anathematized by the previously mentioned Churcheshttp://groups.yahoo. In addition, they accept a [[Nestorianism|Nestorian]] or Nestorian-like [[christology]com/group/arbible/message/25751] that is categorically rejected by the Oriental Orthodox Communion. The communion includes:
==External links==* The [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]* * The [[http://www.armenianchurch.org The Armenian Apostolic British Orthodox Church (Coptic)|British Orthodox Church]], canonically part of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria since 1994* The [[http://www.prounione.urbe.it/dia-int/oo-rc_syrindia/doc/i_oo-rc_syrindia_1984.html Common declaration Church of Antioch (Syriac)|Syriac Orthodox Church of Pope John Paul II and Patriarch Mar Ignatius Zakka I IwasAntioch]](sometimes called 'Jacobite')* * [[http://www.coptic.org The Coptic Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church|Malankara Syriac Orthodox Church]], a branch and integral part of the Syriac Orthodox Church in with the Diaspora]Oriental Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch as its supreme head.* The [[http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/orth.html The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Churchof Armenia]](sometimes called the Armenian Apostolic Church)* The [[http://St-Takla.org/ Saint Takla Haymanot Coptic Church of India|Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church ]] (Alexandria, Egypt]sometimes called the Indian Orthodox Church)* The [[http://www.socdigest.org Shroro - Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church|Ethiopian Orthodox Christian DigestChurch]]* The [[http://www.orthodoxunity.org Website on the unity between Oriental and Eastern Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church|Eritrean Orthodox ChurchesChurch]]
== Assyrian Church of the East ==
The [[Assyrian Church of the East]] is sometimes considered an Oriental Orthodox Church, although it is not in communion with Oriental Orthodox churches and they have a [[Nestorianism|Nestorian]] or Nestorian-like Christology that differs from the declaration of the Council of Chalcedon in an opposite way from the [[Miaphysitism|Miaphysites]]. By the time of the Monophysite controversy, the Assyrians had already separated from the Orthodox Church with the [[Third Ecumenical Council|Council of Ephesus]]. The Church follows the [[East Syrian Rite|East Syrian rite]].
==External Links==
*[http://copticpope.org/ Coptic Orthodox Church] (Official Website of the Patriarchate of Alexandria)
*[http://www.syrian-orthodox.com/ Syriac Orthodox Church] (Official Website of the Patriarchate of Antioch)
*[http://66.208.37.78/index.jsp Armenian Orthodox Church of Echmiadzin] (Official Website)
*[http://www.armenianorthodoxchurch.org/ Armenian Orthodox Church of Cilicia] (Official Website)
*[http://www.zeorthodox.org/ Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church] (Official Website)
*[http://mosc.in/ Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church] (Official Website)
*[http://www.prounione.urbe.it/dia-int/oo-rc_syrindia/doc/i_oo-rc_syrindia_1984.html Common Declaration of Pope John Paul II and Patriarch Mor Ignatius Zakka I]
*[http://www.coptic.org Coptic Orthodox Church in the Diaspora]
*[http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/orth.html The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church]
*[http://St-Takla.org/ Saint Takla Haymanot Coptic Orthodox Church in Alexandria, Egypt]
*[http://stmaryscathedral.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=21&Itemid=40 Oriental Orthodoxy - St. Mary's Malankara Orthodox Cathedral in Philadelphia, PA]
*[http://www.orthodoxunity.org Orthodox Unity]
*[http://www.orthodoxsermons.org Collection of Sermons on Orthodoxy (Coptic)]
*[http://aggreen.net/autocephaly/oriental.html Oriental Orthodox Churches]
*[http://www.socdigest.org/ Shroro - The Syriac Orthodox Christian Digest]
*[http://www.copticchurch.org/Texts/Spirituals/Natofchr.pdf ''The Nature of Christ''] (PDF) by Pope [[Shenouda III (Gayyid) of Alexandria]]
*[http://www.orthodoxunity.org/statements.html Eastern-Oriental Orthodox Unity - Official Satements]
*[http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/ecumenism/ea_mono.aspx Opposition to Union with the Oriental Orthodox Churches and the Unresolved Theological Differences Between the Two] (Eastern Orthodox Article Against Reunion)
*[http://www.orthodox-icons-olympia.blogspot.com/ Oriental Orthodox Iconographer]
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
[[Category:Oriental Orthodox|*]] [[ar:الكنائس الأرثوذكسية الشرقية]][[fr:Églises orthodoxes orientales]][[ro:Biserici Orientale Ortodoxe]]
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