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Andrew of Crete

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[[Image:Andrewofcrete.jpg|right|thumb|200px|St. Andrew of Crete]]
St. Our father among the saints '''Andrew of Crete (c''', was [[Archbishop]] of Crete at the end of the 7th century and the beginning of the 8th. 660-740) He was a true luminary of the Church, a great hierarch—a [[theologian]], teacher and [[hymnographer]], best known for writing the [[Great Canon]]. His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[July 4]]. ==Life==St. Andrew was born around 660 AD in the city of Damascus into a pious Christian family. Up until seven years of age the boy was mute and eventually entered monastic life at Mar Sabadid not talk. He later served at However, after communing the [[Church Holy Mysteries]] of Christ he found the gift of speech and began to speak. And from that time the lad began earnestly to study [[Holy SepulchreScripture]] in and the discipline of theology.  At fourteen years of age he went off to [[Jerusalem]], and was ordained a deacon there he accepted [[monastic]] [[tonsure]] at the great cathedral monastery of Constantinople St. [[Sabbas the Sanctified|Sava the Sanctified]]. St. Andrew led a strict and mother Church chaste life, he was meek and abstinent, such that all were amazed at his virtue and reasoning of Eastern Christendommind. As a man of talent and known for his virtuous life, over the passage of time he came to be numbered among the Jerusalem clergy and was appointed a secretary for the [[Hagia_Sophia_%28Constantinople%29Patriarchate]]—a writing clerk. In the year 680 the ''[[locum tenens]]'' of the [[Church of Jerusalem|Hagia SophiaJerusalem Patriarchate]], around 685. Always exhibiting great pastoral solicitude for orphansTheodore, widowsincluded [[archdeacon]] Andrew among the representatives of the Holy City sent to the [[Sixth Ecumenical Council]], and here the agedsaint contended against [[heresy|heretical teachings]], Saint Andrew spent relying upon his last days as Archbishop profound knowledge of Gortyna on Crete, a position Orthodox doctrine. Shortly after the Council he was summoned back to which Constantinople from Jerusalem and he was elevated in 692appointed archdeacon at the church of [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia]], the Wisdom of God. Attrbuted by many with During the invention reign of the emperor [[canonJustinian II]] as (685-695) St. Andrew was [[consecration of a style bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] of religious writing, his works display not only great rhetorical skill, but an incomparable depth the city of theological understandingGortineia on the island of Crete. St. Andrew wrote many liturgical [[hymn]]s. He was the originator of a new liturgical form—the [[canon]]. Of the canons composed by him the best known is considered one the [[Great Canon|Great Penitential Canon]], including within its 9 odes the 250 [[troparion|troparia]] recited during the [[Great Lent]]. In the First Week of Lent at the great spiritual writers service of [[Compline]] it is read in portions (thus called "methymony") and again on Thursday of the theme Fifth Week at the [[All-Night Vigil]] during [[Matins]].  St. Andrew of repentance, and Crete gained renown with his many praises of the [[Great Theotokos|All-Pure Virgin Mary]]. To him are likewise ascribed: the Canonfor the feast of the [[Nativity]]of Christ, prayed during three odes for the Compline of [[LentPalm Sunday]] and also in the Eastern Orthodox Churchesfirst four days of Holy [[Passion Week]], stands as a well as verses for the feast of the [[Meeting of the Lord]], and many another church-song. His hymnographic tradition was continued by the churchly great testimony to man'melodists of following ages: Saints [[John of Damascus]], [[Cosmas the Hymnographer|Cosmas of Maium]], [[Joseph the Hymnographer|Joseph the Melodist]], [[Theophanes the Confessor|Theophanes the Branded]]. There have also been preserved edifying [[sermon]]s repentant cry of St. Andrew for certain of the Church feasts.  Church historians are not of the same opinion as to Godthe date of death of the saint. One suggests the year 712, while others the year 726. He died on the island of Mytilene, while returning to Crete from Constantinople, where he had been on churchly business. His [[relics]] were transferred to Constantinople. In the year 1350 the pious Russian pilgrim Stefan Novgorodets saw the relics at the Constantinople monastery named for St. Andrew of Crete. ==Hymns==[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 5):Like the [[Prophet]] [[David]]:You sang a new song:In the assembly of the righteous.:As an initiate of the [[Holy Spirit]]:You thundered forth your hymns of grace:And the word of righteousness for our merciful Fathersalvation,:O Andrew, glory of the fathers. Saint [[Kontakion]] (Tone 2):You sounded forth divine melodies like a trumpet:And were a bright lamp for the world.:You shone with the light of the [[Trinity]], O righteous Andrew .:Therefore we cry to you: Ever intercede for us all! ==Source==*[ St Andrew the Archbishop of Crete is numbered among those great Christian writers known as ] ([[OCA]]) ==External links==*[ Andrew of Crete Author of the Early Great Canon] ([[GOARCH]])*[ Saint Andrew, Archbishop of Crete] (''[[Prologue of Ohrid]]'')*[ St. Andrew of Crete Icon and Story] [[Category:Saints]][[Category:Byzantine Saints]][[Category:Bishops]][[Category:7th-8th-century bishops]][[Category:Church Fathers]].[[Category:Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers]][[Category:Hymnographers]][[Category:Greek Saints]][[Category:8th-century saints]] [[es:Andrés de Creta]][[ro:Andrei Criteanul]]

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