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Divine Liturgy according to St. Germanus of Paris

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added German edition
[[Image:Saint germainArch jean st irenee.jpg|thumb|300px|St Germanus [[John Maximovitch|John of Shanghai]] celebrating the restored Gallican liturgy in Paris, 496-576]]'''''La divine liturgie selon Saint Germain de Paris''''', or the '''Divine Liturgy according to St Germanus of Paris''', is the principal [[liturgy ]] of the [[Orthodox Church of France]], the French Orthodox Church, and the [[Orthodox Church of the Gauls]].
==History of the liturgy's restoration==
Prior to its restoration by the French Church, the Gallican liturgy had been reconstructed by Father Pierre Lebrun of the Oratory (18th c.1661-1729), Father Vladimir Guettée (1816-1892), and the Abbbé Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne (1843-1922). After the formation of the [[Orthodox Church of France]] in 1936, the [[priest ]] [[Jean-Nectaire (Kovalevsky) of Saint-Denis|Evgraph Kovalevsky]], later [[Bishop ]] [[Jean-Nectaire (Kovalevsky) of Saint-Denis|Jean of Saint-Denis]], set about restoring the Gallican rite for use by the French Church. The principal documents he used that had been unavailable to his predecessors were two letters ascribed to St [[Germanus of Paris ]] (496-576) that describe the liturgy in sixth-century Paris. Kovalevsky drew on the writings of numerous Gallican saints [[saint]]s of the same era that provide information on Gallican liturgical practice, as well as extant missals, sacramentaries, lectionaries, and antiphonaries. The restored liturgy has gone through several editions (1956, 1968, 1973, 1975, and 1998). Some Orthodox outside of the French Church circulated rumors that the liturgy was simply a product of Kovalevsky's imagination. In response to this, [[Archbishop]] [[John Maximovitch]] chaired a special liturgical commission that studied the liturgy word by word, comparing it to the original sources. The 1961 report of the commission declared the liturgy to be authentic. It was approved for use by the [[Church of Russia]], the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia]], the [[Church of Romania]], and the [[Church of Serbia]].
==Present use==
{{westernrite}}In addition to the parishes [[parish]]es of the Orthodox Church of France, of the Orthodox Church of the Gauls, and the French Orthodox Church, the Liturgy of St Germanus is also used by a number of parishes that were formerly with the French Church but which are now part of the [[Church of RomaniaSerbia]] , the Church of Romania, and the [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)]]. In 2010, the Gallican Rite priest and some which are in dialogue with author Fr Allyne Smith was received into the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of SerbiaRussia]], with Metropolitan Hilarion blessing the continued use of the Gallican Rite at St John the Wonderworker Orthodox Church in Des Moines, Iowa.
{{westernrite}}
==Structure of the ordinary==
The following is the order of the Gallican liturgy as it was restored in the twentieth century by the Orthodox Church of France. Unlike the Roman and Milanese rites, the Gallican does not have a fixed anaphora, but instead uses variable texts before and after the institution narrative.
*Diptychs and Collect after the Names
*Kiss of Peace and Collect
*Anaphora: Dialogue, variable ''Immolatio'', ''Sanctus'', variable ''Post-Sanctus'', institution narrative, anamnesis, [[epiclesis]], variable ''Post-Epiclesis'', blessing of the elements, final doxology
*Breaking of the Bread and fraction anthem
*[[Lord's Prayer]]
*Elevation of the Gifts
*Blessing of the Faithful
*Hymn of thanksgiving
*Dismissal with blessing
 
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==Sources==
*''Du rit occidental: Rapport de la Commision Liturgique'' (1960)
 
==External ink==
*[http://eglise-orthodoxe-de-france.fr/La_liturgie_les_textes_liturgiques/ordinaire_de_la_liturgie.htm/ French edition of the Divine Liturgy according to St Germanus of Paris] The official French text of the liturgy as celebrated by the Orthodox Church of France.
*[https://www.orthodoxmanchester.org.uk/textofthemass.htm The Divine Liturgy of St Germanus] Edition of a UK parish of the Orthodox Church of the Gauls.
 
*[https://www.amazon.com/G%C3%B6ttliche-Liturgie-unseres-heiligen-Germanus/dp/1470919834/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Die+G%C3%B6ttliche+Liturgie+unseres+heiligen+Vaters+Germanus+von+Paris&qid=1562786393&s=gateway&sr=8-1 ''Die Göttliche Liturgie unseres heiligen Vaters Germanus von Paris''] German translation of the liturgy.
[[Category:Liturgics]]
[[Category:Texts]]
[[Category:Western Rite]]
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