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Divine Liturgy according to St. Germanus of Paris

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[[Image:Arch jean st irenee.jpg|thumb|300px|St [[John Maximovitch|John of Shanghai]] celebrating the restored Gallican liturgy in Paris]]'''''La divine liturgie divine selon Saint Germain de Paris''''', or the '''Divine Liturgy according to St Germanus of Paris''', is the principal [[liturgy ]] of the [[Orthodox Church of France]], the French Orthodox Church, and the [[Orthodox Church of the Gauls]].
==History of the liturgy's restoration==Prior to its restoration by the French Church, the Gallican liturgy had been reconstructed by Father Pierre Lebrun of the Oratory (1661-1729), Father Vladimir Guettée (1816-1892), and the Abbbé Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne (1843-1922). After the formation of the [[Image:Orthodox Church of France]] in 1936, the [[priest]] [[Jean-Nectaire (Kovalevsky) of Saint germain.jpg-Denis|thumbEvgraph Kovalevsky]], later [[Bishop]] [[Jean-Nectaire (Kovalevsky) of Saint-Denis|Jean of Saint-Denis]], set about restoring the Gallican rite for use by the French Church. The principal documents he used that had been unavailable to his predecessors were two letters ascribed to St [[Germanus of Paris, ]] (496-576) that describe the liturgy in sixth-century Paris. Kovalevsky drew on the writings of numerous Gallican [[saint]]s of the same era that provide information on Gallican liturgical practice, as well as extant missals, sacramentaries, lectionaries, and antiphonaries. The restored liturgy has gone through several editions (1956, 1968, 1973, 1975, and 1998). Some Orthodox outside of the French Church circulated rumors that the liturgy was simply a product of Kovalevsky's imagination. In response to this, [[Archbishop]] [[John Maximovitch]] chaired a special liturgical commission that studied the liturgy word by word, comparing it to the original sources. The 1961 report of the commission declared the liturgy to be authentic. It was approved for use by the [[Church of Russia]], the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia]], the [[Church of Romania]], and the [[Church of Serbia]].
==History Present use=={{westernrite}}In addition to the [[parish]]es of the Orthodox Church of France, of the Orthodox Church of the Gauls, and the French Orthodox Church, the Liturgy's Restoration==of St Germanus is also used by a number of parishes that were formerly with the French Church but which are now part of [[Church of Serbia]], the Church of Romania, and the [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)]].
==Present Use==In addition to the parishes of the Orthodox Church of France2010, St Germanus is also used by a number of parishes that were formerly with the French Church but which are now part of the [[Church of Romania]] Gallican Rite priest and author Fr Allyne Smith was received into the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Alexandria (Coptic)Russia]], and some which are in dolague with Metropolitan Hilarion blessing the continued use of the Gallican Rite at St John the [[Wonderworker Orthodox Church of Serbia]]in Des Moines, Iowa.
==Structure of the Ordinaryordinary==
The following is the order of the Gallican liturgy as it was restored in the twentieth century by the Orthodox Church of France. Unlike the Roman and Milanese rites, the Gallican does not have a fixed anaphora, but instead uses variable texts before and after the institution narrative.
*Preparation of the Offerings
*Praelegendum ''Prælegendum'' (entrance psalm)
*Call for silence and greeting
*[[Trisagion (]] in Greek , Latin, and Latinthe vernacular)*Kyrie*''BenedictusKyrie''(single)*Reading from Hymn (of the season or the Old Testamentday)*Collect after of the Day*First Reading (Old Testament readingor patristic text)*ResponsoryGradual*ApostoleSecond Reading (Epistle, Book of Acts, or the Apocalypse)*''Benedicite'' (Song of the Three Young Men)*Canticle from Daniel[[Alleluia]] (or Tract in Lent)
*Thrice-Holy before the Gospel
*Gospel
*Sanctus after Canticle of the GospelApocalypse
*Homily
*PrecesLitany of St Martin
*Collect after the Preces
*Dismissal of the catechumens
*OffertoryThe Symbol of Faith ([[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed|Creed]])*Preface to the faithful Faithful*Great Entrance with ''Sonus'' and collect''Laudes''*Collect of the Offertory*Diptychs and collectCollect after the Names*Exchange Kiss of the Peace and collectCollect*Anaphora: Dialogue, variable ''Immolatio'', ''Sanctus'', variable ''Vere Post-Sanctus'', institution narrative, anamnesis, [[epiclesis]], variable ''post mysteriumPost-Epiclesis'', blessing of the elements, final doxology*Breaking of the Breadand fraction anthem*[[Lord's Prayer]]*Episcopal blessingElevation of the Gifts*Blessing of the Faithful*Communionand communion chant
*''Trecanum'' (post-communion hymn of thanksgiving to the Trinity)
*Postcommunion collect
*Hymn of thanksgiving*Dismissalwith blessing
==The Question of CompenetrationSources==*''La divine liturgie selon Saint Germain de Paris'' (Paris, 1998)*''La sainte messe selon saint Germain de Paris'' (Paris, 1975)*''La sainte messe selon saint Germain de Paris et le chant des fidèles'' (Paris, 1968 and 1973)*''La divine liturgie selon Saint Germain de Paris'' (Paris, 1956)* Monseigneur Jean (Kovalevsky) of Saint-Denis, ''Le canon eucharistique de l'ancien rite des Gaules'' (Paris, c. 1956)*''Du rit occidental: Rapport de la Commision Liturgique'' (1960)
==SourcesExternal ink==*''La liturgie divine selon Saint Germain [http://eglise-orthodoxe-de -france.fr/La_liturgie_les_textes_liturgiques/ordinaire_de_la_liturgie.htm/ French edition of the Divine Liturgy according to St Germanus of Paris'' (Paris, 1998)] The official French text of the liturgy as celebrated by the Orthodox Church of France.* Monseigneur Jean (Kovalevsky) [https://www.orthodoxmanchester.org.uk/textofthemass.htm The Divine Liturgy of SaintSt Germanus] Edition of a UK parish of the Orthodox Church of the Gauls. *[https://www.amazon.com/G%C3%B6ttliche-Denis, Liturgie-unseres-heiligen-Germanus/dp/1470919834/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Die+G%C3%B6ttliche+Liturgie+unseres+heiligen+Vaters+Germanus+von+Paris&qid=1562786393&s=gateway&sr=8-1 ''Le canon eucharistique de l'ancien rite des GaulesDie Göttliche Liturgie unseres heiligen Vaters Germanus von Paris''] German translation of the liturgy. [[Category:Liturgics]][[Category:Texts]][[Category:Western Rite]]
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