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Relating to the Theotokos: updated external links
An '''akathist''' (Greek, ''akathistos'') is a [[hymn ]] dedicated to a [[saint]], [[Great Feasts|holy event]], or one of the persons of the [[Holy Trinity]]. The word ''akathist'' itself means "not sitting." The akathist ''par excellence'' is that written in the 6th century to the [[Theotokos]]. In its use as part of the Salutations to the Theotokos service (used in the Byzantine tradition during [[Great Lent]]), it is often known by its Greek or Arabic names, '''''Chairetismoi''''' and '''''Madayeh''''', respectively.
The writing of akathists (occasionally spelled ''acathist'') continues today as part of the general composition of an [[akolouthia]], especially in the Slavic tradition, although not all are widely known nor translated beyond the original language. Isaac E. Lambertsen <!-- ---> has done a large amount of translation work, including many different akathists. Most of the newer akathists are pastiche, that is, a generic form imitating the original 6th century akathist into which a particular saint's name is inserted.
There is more than one [[icon]] "of the Akathist": the [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar]] icon ([[January 12]]), the [[Dionysiou Monastery (Athos)|Dionysiou]] icon ([[March 27]] and Fifth Saturday of [[Great Lent]]), and the [[Zographou Monastery (Athos)|Zographou]] icon ([[October 10]]).
The [[Trisagion Prayers]] are often said as a prelude to the akathist hymn. The akathist hymn itself is divided into thirteen parts, each of which has a [[kontakion]] and an [[oikos]]. The kontakion usually ends with the exclamation: "Alleluia!" Within the latter part of the oikos comes an anaphoric entreaty, such as "Come!" or "Rejoice!" The thirteenth kontakion (which does not have a corresponding ikos) is usually followed by the repetition of the first ikos and kontakion. After the thirteen kontakia and ikoi, additional prayers are added, such as a [[troparion]] and another kontakion. In some akathists, [[Psalms]] are also included.
*the [[Holy Trinity]]
*[[Jesus|Our Lord, the Most Sweet Jesus]] - [ 1], [ 2], [ 3], [ 4]<!-- I don't actually know what languages these are in, [ :htm 5] (Finnish), [ Taiwanese6](Chinese and English), [ Cantonese7] --->(Chinese)
*Jesus Christ for a Loved One who has Fallen Asleep
*the [[PasionPassion|Divine Passion of Christ]] - [http://www.joyinsorrowmonachos.comnet/other/viewPrayerakathist_passion.asp?id=17 shtml 1], [ htm 2](Finnish), [ 3], [ 4] (Chinese)*Jesus, Light to those in Darkness - [ 1] (PDF), [ 2]*the [[Holy Spirit]][] (Finnish)
===Relating to the Theotokos===
[[Image:Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos icon.jpg|right|frame|Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos]]
When the word ''akathist'' is used alone, it most commonly refers to the original hymn by this name, the 6th century Akathist to the [[Theotokos]], attributed to St. [[Romanos Roman the Melodist]] (though this attribution is hotly debated). This hymn is often split into four parts and sung at the "Salutations to the Theotokos" service on the first four Friday evenings in [[Great Lent]]; the entire Akathist is then sung on the fifth Friday evening. Traditionally it is included in the [[Orthros]] of the fifth [[Saturday]] of [[Great Lent]]. In [[monastery|monasteries]] of [[Mount Athos|Athonite]] tradition, the whole Akathist is usually inserted nightly at [[Compline]].
The four sections into which the Akathist is divided correspond to the themes of the [[Annunciation]], [[Nativity]], [[Christ]], and the [[Theotokos]] herself.
The Salutations to the Theotokos service, often known by its Greek name, the ''Chairetismoi'' (from the ''Chaire!'' so often used in the hymn), consists of [[Compline]] with the Akathist hymn inserted. It is known in Arabic as the ''Madayeh''.
'''Akathist of the'''
*[[Nativity of the Theotokos|Birth of the Theotokos]]
*[[Presentation of the Theotokos|Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple]]
*[[Protection of the Mother of God|Protection (or Covering) of the Theotokos]] - [ 1]
*[[Dormition|Dormition of the Theotokos]]
'''Akathist to the'''
 *'''Holy Virgin Theotokos''' (by St. Romanus Roman the Melodist):English - [ 1], [ 2], [ 3], [ 4], [ html 5], [ 6], [ 7], [ 87], [ 98], [ 109], [ 11], [ 1210], [ 1311] (PDF):Other - [ 14] (English/Arabic), [ 1512] (French), [ 1613] (German-PDF), [ 1714] (GreekSpanish), [http://www.fatheralexanderortodoksi.orgnet/bookletsliturgiset_tekstit/spanishakatistohymnit/akathisto_virgenakatistos_Jumalansynnyttajalle.htm 1815] (SpanishFinnish)*Burning Bush of the Theotokos - [ 1] (PDF), [ 12] (Romanian)
*Most Holy Theotokos of the Portal of [[Iviron Monastery (Athos)|Iviron]] - [ 1]
*Theotokos of All Protection - [ 1], [ 2] 
'''Akathist to the Theotokos,'''
*All-Venerable Abbess to Monasteries of the Entire World
*Daughter of Zion - [http://www.archdioceseangelfire.cacom/moreAkathistzionplanet/parastos/akathistzion.pdf html 1] (PDF)
*the Deliverer
*the Door-keeper
*the Enricher of the Harvest
*the Inexhaustible Cup - [ 1], [ 2], [ 3], [ Finnish]*[[Mother of God Joy of All Who Sorrow|Joy of All Who Sorrow]] - [ html 1]
*Nurturer of Children - [ 1]
*Our Lady of Sitka - [ 1] (PDF)
*Port Arthur Mother of God - [ 1] (PDF), [ 2] (Russian)
*Queen of All (Pantanassa, or "Healer of Cancer") - [ 1], [ 2]
*Spring of Healing
*Swift to Aid
*Unexpected Joy <!-- --->
'''Akathist to the Theotokos for''' Reconciliation
'''Akathist to the Theotokos at her'''
 *[[Kursk Root Icon|Wonder-working Kursk Root Icon of the Sign]] - [ 1], [ 12] (Russian)*Icon [[Assuage My Sorrows]] (or "[[Stay of Our Sorrows" (or "Assuage My Sorrow]]")
*Weeping Icon of Boian (Bojan)
*Icon of Felixstowe - [ 1]
*[[Theotokos of Tikhvin|Wonder-working Icon of Tikhvin]] - [ 1] (PDF)  '''Akathist to the Theotokos at the''', [ 2] (Church Slavonic)
*Wonder-working Icon of Crasna
*Icon of Seven Arrows (Icon of the Prophecy of Simeon)
*Icon "Theotokos of the Sign" at Novgorod
*Feodorovskaya Icon
*Pochaev (Pochayevskaya) Icon
*Kiev Caves Icon
*Kozelshchanskaya Icon
*Smolensk Icon
*Tikhvin Icon
*Vladimir Icon
===Relating to the [[Great Feasts]]===
*[[Nativity of the Theotokos|Birth of the Theotokos]]
*[[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Holy Cross]] - [ 1], [ 2], [ 3], [ 4] (Finnish)
*[[Presentation of the Theotokos|Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple]]
*[[Nativity|Nativity of Christ]] - [ 1] (PDF), [ 2] (Finnish)
*[[Dormition|Dormition of the Theotokos]]
===Relating to Saints===
Singular - '''Akathist to St.'''
*[[Alexander of Svir]] (Syväri) - [ 1] (Finnish)
*[[Alexander Nevsky]]
*Alexis, Man of God
*[[Alexis (Kabaliuk) of Carpathia]] - [ 1]
*[[Alexis of Wilkes-Barre]] - [ 1] (PDF)
*Anthony Dymsky - [ 1] (Church Slavonic)
*[[Anthony the Great]]
*[[ Arsenius of Konevits]] - [ 1] (Finnish)*[[Brendan the Navigator]] - [ 1] (French)*[[Chad of Lichfield]] - [ 1]*[[Columba of Iona]] - [ 1] (French)*[[Cuthbert of Lindisfarne]] - [ 1]
*[[David|David the Prophet, King of Israel]] - [ 1]
*[[Demetrios of Thessaloniki|Demetrios the Great Martyr]]
*Dimitri Basarabov
*[[Elijah|Elijah the Prophet]]*[[Elizabeth the New Martyr ]] (Grand Duchess) - [http://www.joyinsorrowserfes.comorg/royal/viewPrayerakathisttoelizabeth.asp?id=19 htm 1], [http://www.serfesangelfire.orgcom/nv2/carthusian/royalAkathist/akathisttoelizabethelizabeth.htm html 2], [ 3], [ 3htm 4](Russian)
*[[George the Trophy-bearer|George the Trophy-bearer and Great Martyr]]
*[[Gregory Palamas]]
*[[Guthlac of Crowland ]] - [ 1]
*[[Herman of Alaska]] - [ 1] (PDF)
*Ignaty Brianchovich - [ 1]
*[[Innocent of Alaska]] - [ 1], [ 21], [ 32] (PDF)
*[[Jacob Netsvetov|Jacob of Alaska]] - [ 1] (PDF)
*[[John Chrysostom]] - [ 1], [ 2] (PDF), [ Finnish]
*[[John the Forerunner]]
*[[John the Theologian]]
*[[John of Kronstadt]] - [ 1] (Finnish)
*[[John Maximovitch|John of Shanghai and San Francisco]] - [ 1], [ 21], [ 32]<!-- check this out later - m3u file --->*[[John the New (of Suceava)]]*St[[Joseph the Betrothed]] [ htm 1] (Finnish)*Juliana of Lazarevo - [ 1]*[[Luke (Voino-Yasenetsky) of Simferopol and Crimea]][ 1]
*[[Mary Magdalene]]
*[[Maximus Sandovich]], Protomartyr of the Lemko people <!-- --->
*[[Menas the Wonder-worker]]
*[[Nektarios of Pentapolis]] - [ html 1], [ 2] -(Finnish)*[[Nicholas of Myra]] - [ 1] (DOC), [ 2] (Finnish)*[[Nicholas of Japan]]*[[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II, Tsar and Emperor of All Russia, the Passion-bearer]] - [ 1], [ 2]*Nilus, Wonder-worker of Sora - [ 1] [http://www.orgortodoksi.aunet/stjohntheforerunnerchurchliturgiset_tekstit/articlesakatistohymnit/akathistakatistos_nil_sorskille.html 3htm 2](Finnish)*St. Nilus, Wonder-worker of Sora [[Panteleimon]] - [ php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=32 1](PDF)*[[PanteleimonParaskevi]]*[[Paraskeve] Philaret the Merciful]
*[[Raphael of Brooklyn]] - [ 1], [ 21], [ 32]*[[Romanos the Melodist]] - [ 1]*[[Seraphim of Sarov]]- [ 1] (Finnish)
*[[Apostle Simon|Simon the Zealot, Apostle and Evangelist]]
*[[Spyridon of TrymithousTrimythous]]
*[[Tikhon of Moscow]] - [ 1]
*[[Tryphon of Pechenga| Trifon (Tryphon) of Pechenga]] (Petsamo) ] - [ 1] (Finnish)*[[Xenia of St. Petersburg]][ 1] (Finnish)
Plural - '''Akathist to'''
*All Saints [ 1] (Romanian)
*the Chinese martyr saints who died in the Boxer (Yihetuan Movement) Rebellion - [ 1] (PDF), [ 2]*to all the Saints that shone forth in the lands of the West - [ 1] (PDF), [ pdf 2](PDF-Romanian)*SSSs. [[Joachim and Anna]] [] (includes music)*Ss. [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]] - []*SSSs. [[Sergei of Valaam| Sergei]] and [[Herman of Valaam|Herman]] of Valaam - [ 1] (Finnish) 
Local/Diocesan Saints
*Akathist to [[Seraphim Rose]] - [ 1]*Akathist] to [[Seraphim RosePaisios (Eznepidis)|Paisius the Athonite]]- [ 1]  
===Relating to Angels===
'''Akathist to the'''
*Holy Archangel Michael - [ 1][ 2] - (Finnish)
*Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel
*Guardian Angel
===Other Akathists===
 *Akathist for [[Eucharist|Holy Communion]] - [ 1], [ 2] (Finnish)*Akathist to the Tomb and the Resurrection of the Lord - [ 1], [ 2] (Finnish), [ 3]*Akathist to the Resurrection of Christ[ 1] (Finnish)*Akathist "Glory to God for All Things" or "of Thanksgiving" - [ 1], [ thanksgiving.html 2], [ 3], [ 4] (Finnish):The Akathist is often attributed to [[Priest]] Gregory Petrov who died in a Soviet prison camp in 1940, but also to [[Metropolitan]] Tryphon (Prince Boris Petrovich Turkestanov) +1934. The title is from the words of St. [[John Chrysostom]] as he was dying in exile. It is a song of praise from amidst the most terrible sufferings. - [ 1], [ 2]*[ Akathist] of Thanksgiving (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov)) - [ 1], [ 2] (Finnish)
*Akathist in Praise of God's Creation (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov)) - [ 1]
*Akathist for the Repose of the Departed - [ 1], [ 2] (Finnish)
==External links==
*[ Akathists in Finnish]* [ Akathists in Slavonic]*[ Akathist Hymn] (MOV; sound file) chanted by [[Eikona]]*[ How to Read Canons and Akathists when praying alone]*[ True Mother of God, Thee do we magnify: A commentary on the Akathist Hymn to the Mother of God]*[ Akathists For All Occasions: Praying from East to West] by Alexander Roman (Greek Catholic)*[ Akathists written by Alexander Roman]=About===
*[ Akathist Rubrics]
*[ The order for reading canons and akathists when alone]
*[http://www.orthodoxmusicsaintjonah.ruorg/alb71.e.AKATHIST_TO_THE_DERZHAVNAYA_ICON.html?request_id=53 Akathist to the Derzhavnaya Icon of the Mother of God] CD for sale with sample mp3 tracks*[http:services// The Akathist HymnHow to Read Canons and Akathists when praying alone], including a brief outline of the structure of the Akathist to the Theotokos
*[ The Akathist Hymn] by Fr. Luke Hartung
<!-- Russian site ? --->
*[ Akathist with a brief outline]
*[ Akathist] PDF, with western notation*[ 5th Saturday of Great Lent of the Akathist to the Theotokos]([[OCA]])*[ Icon of the Mother of God of the Akathist], January 12 (OCA)*[ Icon of the Mother of God "of the Akathist"], March 27 (OCA)*[ Icon of the Mother of God "of the Akathist" of the Zographou Monastery], October 10 (OCA)
*[ Akathists and Canons, online]
*[ Akathists]
===Other languages===
*[ Akathists in Finnish]
*[ Akathists in Romanian]
*[ Akathists in Russian]
===Other traditions===
*[ Akathists For All Occasions: Praying from East to West] by Alexander Roman (Greek Catholic)
*[ Akathist to St. Joseph the Betrothed] (Byzantine Catholic)
*[ Akathist Hymn] (MOV; sound file) chanted by [[Eikona]]
*[ Learn to Chant: The Service of the Salutations to the Most Holy Theotokos] ([[GOARCH]])
*[ Akathist to the Derzhavnaya Icon of the Mother of God] CD for sale with sample mp3 tracks
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[[el:Ακάθιστος Ύμνος]]

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