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Nicholas II of Russia

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[[Image:TsStNich.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Icon of Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II of Russia (Courtesy Ivanovo Monastery)]]
The holy and right-believing Emperor [[Saint ]] '''Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov''' was the last reigning Emperor emperor (commonly called "Tsar"''tsar'', цар) of Russia at the time of the Bolshevik Revolution. Together with his wife, [[Alexandra Romanov|Alexandra Fyodoronova]], formerly Alexandra of Hesse-Darmstad, and their children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia and Alexey, and their servants Doctor [[Evgeni Botkin]], cook [[Ivan Kharitonov]], attendant [[Aleksey Trupp]] and attendant [[Anna Demidova]], they are recognized as [[Passion-bearer]]s by the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]]. ==Life & Death==Born His feast day is on 6 [17] May 1868, the day of the Holy [[JobJuly 4]] the Long-Suffering, St Nicholas was the eldest son of Crown Prince Alexander Alexandrovich (the future Emperor Alexander III) and Grand Duchess Maria Feodorvna (the future Empress). He received an excellent education under the supervision of his father, speaking fluently Russian, English, French, German, and Italian, and learning Russian and world history, Russian literature, and the art of warfare.
In 1884, St Nicholas met the future Empress St ==Life and death==Born on 6 [[Alexandra17]], then Princess Alice Victoria Helen Louise Beatrix von Hessen-DarmstadtMay 1868, at the wedding day of the latter's sister, Grand Duches-Martyr St Holy [[St Elizabeth Job the New MartyrLong-suffering|Elixabeth FyodorvnaJob]] with the Emperor's uncleLong-Suffering, Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovich. Princess Alex St Nicholas was a daughter the eldest son of Crown Prince Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt Alexander Alexandrovich (the future Emperor Alexander III) and Princess Alice and a grand-daughter of Queen Victoria of EnglandGrand Duchess Maria Feodorvna (the future Empress). The two became good friends, a friendship that later grew into love. In 1894, St Nicholas He received a blessing from an excellent education under the supervision of his father to wed Princess Alice on , speaking fluently Russian, English, French, German, and Italian, and learning Russian and world history, Russian literature, and the condition that she become Orthodoxart of warfare.
In February 19171884, during St Nicholas met the February Revolutionfuture Empress St. [[Alexandra Romanov|Alexandra]], Nicholas reluctantly abdicated then Princess Alice Victoria Helen Louise Beatrix von Hessen-Darmstadt, at the thronewedding of the latter's sister, hoping that doing so might save Grand Duches-Martyr St [[Elizabeth the nation some violence. After New Martyr|Elizabeth Fyodorovna]] with the Bolshevik (October) revolutionEmperor's uncle, he Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovich. Princess Alice was a daughter of Prince Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt and Princess Alice and a grand-daughter of Queen Victoria of England. The two became good friends, a friendship that later grew into love. In 1894, St Nicholas received a blessing from his family were exiled father to Siberia, where they were detained under house-arrestwed Princess Alice on the condition that she become Orthodox. After several monthsOn October 20, 1894, Emperor Alexander III died at the family was lined up imperial palace in Livadia, Crimea. On the basement next day, Princess Alice was received into the Orthodox faith and shotgiven the name Alexandra Feodorovna. The bodies two were buried married in an unmarked gravea low-key ceremony on November 14, 1894.
In February 1917, during the February Revolution, Nicholas reluctantly abdicated the throne, hoping that doing so might save the nation some violence. After the Bolshevik (October) revolution, he and his family were exiled to Siberia, where they were detained under house-arrest. On [[July 16]], 1918, the family was lined up in the basement and shot. The bodies were buried in an unmarked grave.
[[Image:P-PCathNIIRM.JPG|right|thumb|200px|The remains of Emperor Nicholas II and his family in the Catherine Side Chapel of the [[Ss Peter and Paul Cathedral (St. Petersburg, Russia)|Ss Peter and Paul Cathedral]] in St. Petersburg, Russia.]]
In 1991, in Yekaterinburg, Sibera, their bodies were exhumed. DNA testing confirmed that they were indeed the Romanovs.
In 1998, with Boris Yeltsin in attendance, most of the Royal Family was finally laid to rest with proper ceremony. However, neither the Russian Orthodox Church nor the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia formally recognized that the remains found near Yekaterinburg were those of the Royal Family.
[[Image: Tsar-Martyr.jpg|left|thumb|200px|Photograph of St. Nicholas the Tsar-Martyr.]]
==[[Glorification]] ==
Nicholas and his family were [[Glorification|glorified]] by the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] in 1981 but this was a hotly debated decision. Both within and outside of Russia there were those who claimed that Nicholas' reign was weak and prone to extravagence and indifference to the plight of Russia's needy. On the other hand, there was widespread popular devotion to Tsar Nicholas among those who claimed that he was called of God to lead his people at a difficult time in history and did so to the best of his abilities. The religious devotion and piety of the family is well documented and not seriously contested.
In 2000, after some 8 years of study, the council of Bishops of the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]] voted unanimously to recognize Nicholas, Alexandra and their five children as saints.
==TroparionHymns==[[Troparion]] (Tone 1):Most noble and sublime was your life and death, O Sovereigns;<br> wise :Wise Nicholas and blest Alexandra, we praise you,<br>acclaiming :Acclaiming your piety, meekness, faith, and humility,<br>whereby :Whereby ye attained to crowns of glory in Christ our God,<br> with :With your five renowned and godly children of blest blessed fame.<br>Martyrs :O passion–bearers decked in purple, intercede for us.[[Kontakion]] (Tone 2):Royalty and martyrdom were joined together, O blessed ones,:In your death for righteousness and right belief, O wise Sovereigns,:Nicholas and Alexandra, with your five children.:Hence, Christ our God counted you worthy of thrones in Heaven;:And with twofold crowns of glory,:You reign forever, adorned with grace divine.
==External Linkslinks==* [http://www.serfes.org/royal/index.htm The Royal Martyrs of Russia]* [http://www.tzar.orthodoxy.ru/ Russian site on the Tsar-Martyr]* [http://www.roca.org/OA/14/14c.htm God's Anointed Sufferer: Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II]* [http://www.orthodox.net/russiannm/nicholas-ii-tsar-martyr-and-his-family.html Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II and his Family]
 {{start box}}{{succession|before=[[Alexander III]]|title=Emperor of Russia|years=1894-1917|after=''monarchy abolished''}}{{end box}} [[Category:Emperors and KingsRulers]]
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
[[Category:20th-century saints]]

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