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Evangelicalism

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{{reorg'''Evangelicalism''', broadly speaking, is a Protestant Christian tradition, coming out of the late 19th century Holiness Movement and growing throughout the 20th century. It is usually characterized by a belief in the authority of [[Holy Scripture]], the importance of a personal [[conversion]], baptism of adults only, traditional morality, informality in worship, and an emphasis on missionary and evangelistic activity. Within the broad category of "evangelical" there is a wide variety of theological opinion. Some have been strongly influenced by the Reformed tradition of John Calvin, while others have been influenced more by the more Arminian thought of the Wesleyan/[[Methodism|talk=Methodist]] tradition. Regarding practice, some evangelicals worship along more traditional lines (often influenced by [[Category talk:Non-OrthodoxAnglican Communion|Anglicanism]]), while others embrace a more [[Charismatic Movement|charismatic]]}}worship style.
'''Evangelicalism''', broadly speaking, is Although evangelicalism started as a Protestant Christian tradition, coming out of the late 19th century Holiness Movement movement which was ecumenical in scope and included clergy and growing throughout the 20th century. It is usually characterized by laity from a belief in the authority of [[Holy Scripture]], the importance of a personal [[conversion]], baptism wide variety of adults only, traditional moralitybackgrounds, informality in worship, and an emphasis on missionary and evangelistic activity. Within the broad category of "20th century several denominations emerged which viewed themselves as fundamentally evangelical" there is a wide variety of theological opinion. Some have been strongly influenced by These include the [[Reformed]] tradition of John CalvinChristian & Missionary Alliance, while the Evangelical Free Church and others have been influenced more by the more Arminian thought of the Wesleyan/[[Methodism|Methodist]] tradition. Regarding practiceOther evangelicals continue to be found in denominations that would not, some evangelicals worship along more traditional lines (often influenced by [[Anglican Communion|Anglicanism]])as a whole, while others embrace a more charismatic worship styleevangelicalism.
Although ==Relationships with Orthodox Christians==Evangelical interaction with Orthodox Christianity is a fairly recent phenomenon. In the earlier days of evangelicalism started , Orthodoxy was frequently either viewed as a movement which was ecumenical corrupt church like [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholicism]] or unknown altogether. Although in scope and included clergy and laity from a wide variety many of backgroundstheir beliefs, in such as the 20th century several denominations emerged which viewed themselves as fundamentally evangelical. These include person of Jesus Christ and the Christian & Missionary AllianceHoly Trinity, the Evangelical Free Church and others. Other positions on morality, evangelicals continue to be found in denominations that would notand Orthodox can find some common ground, many of the practices of Orthodoxy are seen by evangelicals as a whole, embrace evangelicalismquestionable at best and superstitious or idolatrous.
==Central Beliefs==Although it is impossible to speak Nonetheless, in any universal way about the beliefs of ''all'' evangelicals, it recent years there has been more and more interaction between Orthodox and evangelical Christians. Sometimes this is possible to speak of some central elements a dialogical nature and sometimes takes the form of their faith and practiceconversion.
===Personal Conversion=See also==Evangelicals emphasize the need for a personal conversion to Jesus Christ. A personal conversion to Jesus Christ involves accepting and believing several points about Jesus Christ and His uniqueness in human history. The idea of a personal conversion to Christ is rooted in the spiritual doctrine of the "Atonement", the idea that where there is sin or imperfection in our individual life, that this must be addressed and taken care of. * [[Sin is any imperfection which a Holy God would not be able to accept into His presenceEvangelical Orthodox Church]].
Where sin exists==Further reading==* Fr. [[Peter Gillquist]]. ''Becoming Orthodox: A Journey to the Ancient Christian Faith.'' Ben Lomond: Conciliar Press, 1992. (ISBN 0962271330)* [[Hierodeacon]] Gregory. ''The Church, Tradition, Scripture, Truth and Christian Life: Some Heresies of Evangelicalism and an Orthodox Response.'' Etna, it must be "atoned" CA: Center forTraditionalist Orthodox Studies, paid 1995. (ISBN 091116524X)* M.T. McKibben. ''Common Ground for Christian Unity: One Evangelical Protestant’s Search forChristian Orthodoxy'' St. Sin causes an obligation on the part Ignatius of the person who commits the sinAntioch Press, 1988.(ISBN B00073CYEK)* Paul O'Callaghan. ''An Eastern Orthodox Response to Evangelical Claims'' Light & Life Publishing Company, April 1984.to be able to remedy their sin or imperfection(ISBN 0937032352)* St. All major religions accept [[Theophan the idea of personal sin or imperfection, and most have some concept for atonement Recluse]]. ''[http://www.light-n- how to pay for that sinlife. The main idea in Christianity is that while it accepts that humans will commit sin andcom/shopping/or will not be perfect, the one who came to pay the penalty for all sins is Jesus Christorder_product. Jesus asp?ProductNum=PREA107 Preaching Another Christ - by dying on the cross - paid the penalty for the sins : An Orthodox View of all those who ask for His forgivenessEvangelicalism]. By His Resurrection'' Orthodox Witness, Christ proved that He was God Incarnate and that He triumphed over death2001. (ISBN B0006RY0P8)
==External links==* [http://www.eastwestreport.org/articles/ew03204.htm Eastern Orthodox: Five Protestant Perspectives] by Don Fairbairn* [http://www.eastwestreport.org/articles/ew09401.html Evangelicals accept the teachings in the Bible that Eternal life is obtained by Asking Jesus Christ to "forgive you of your sins and Orthodox: Crossing Paths and Crossing Swords]* [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Rogers.html From Evangelical to come into your life"Orthodox] by Fr. Some have called this a ''crisis experience,'' while others have simply understood as a spiritual reconciliation with GodGregory Rogers* [http://www. It is also commonly referred to as being ''born againogreatmystery.'' Evangelicals differ in their understanding com/ O Great Mystery]: The website of the role an evangelical parish that became Orthodox* [http://www.ortho-logia.com/English/statusofemergingdialogue.htm Eastern Orthodoxy and authority Evangelicalism: The Status of Official State Churchesan Emerging Global Dialogue] - Bradley Nassif, Ph.D. (Professor, believing that the Bible predates the formation Antiochian House of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox ChurchStudies (USA), and understanding that the thousands a graduate program of copies St. John of the New Testament (both by themselves and lectionariesDamascus Seminary, Balamand University, Lebanon) demonstrates the widespread recognition and use . Published in Scottish Bulletin of the New Testament in Early ChristianityEvangelical Theology: Vol. 1, Spring, 2000. ([http://www.stpaulsirvine.org/html/Evangelical%20and%20Orthodox. htm mirror])
Unlike the Orthodox, [[Roman Catholic Church|Catholic]] and [[Anglican Communion today|Anglican]] churches, evangelicals do not consider baptism to be sacramental (valid) in its own right; Evangelicals often understand Baptism - as an additional imported artificial teaching - whenever it is combined with Salvation. Most evangelicals believe that Baptism - as taught in Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy - in Official Churches expresses a confusion about the nature of what (according to Evangelicals) is the basis for Eternal Life: personal belief and individual acceptance in the Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ as the payment (atonement) for one's sins, Without any Additions to that understanding. Evangelicals see baptism as a symbolic action only, and a public recognition of one's personal faith - to take place After one has already converted.
===Scriptural Authority===
Evangelicals subscribe to a strictly ''sola scriptura'' theology, believing the [[Holy Scriptures]] of the Old and New Testaments to be the only authority in matters of faith and doctrine. This does not mean that Evangelicals do not consider the opinions of others. The works of Calvin, Luther, Zwingly and Melancthon are filled with quotations from history and from the early church fathers. However, for evangelicals, the final authority should always be the Old and New Testaments. Most evangelicals subscribe to a "literal" interpretation of the Bible, meaning that where the Bible can be understood literally, it should be taken as such, and not taken figuratively or symbolically. Evangelicals often point out that where symbolic interpretation becomes a guide in a Church or denomination, there is almost no common agreement on what the "Symbolism" is supposed to mean. Many evangelicals use the term ''inerrant'' to describe the Bible.
Some evangelicals subscribe to what could be called a “positive conception of scriptural authority.[[Category:Non-Orthodox]]
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