[[Image:Byzantine Notation.jpg|100px|left]]Strictly speaking, '''[[Byzantine Chant]]''' is the sacred [[Church Music|chant]] of Christian Churches following the Orthodox rite. This tradition, encompassing the Greek-speaking world, developed in [[Eastern Roman Empire|Byzantium]] from the establishment of its capital, Constantinople, in 330 until [[Fall of Constantinople|its fall]] in 1453.
It is undeniably of composite origin, drawing on the artistic and technical productions of the classical age, on [[Judaism|Jewish]] music, and inspired by the monophonic vocal music that evolved in the early Christian cities of Alexandria, Antioch, and Ephesus. In the [[Orthodox Church]] today, many churches use Byzantine Chant as their primary musical tradition, including the Churches of [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]], [[Church of Alexandria|Alexandria]], [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]], [[Church of Jerusalem|Jerusalem]], [[Church of Romania|Romania]], [[Church of Serbia|Serbia]], [[Church of Greece|Greece]], and [[Church of Cyprus|Cyprus]].
The Byzantine chant scale consists of seven notes: