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316 bytes added, 15:29, November 25, 2005
[[Image:Basil.jpg|left|100px|Icon of Saint Basil at]]Our father among the saints '''[[AutocephalyBasil the Great]]''' (literally "selfca. 330 -headed") is the status of a church within the [[Orthodox ChurchJanuary 1]] whose , 379), was [[primate|primatialbishop]] bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishopof Caesarea, a leading churchman in the 4th century. When an The Church considers him a [[ecumenical councilsaint]] or a high-ranking and one of the [[bishopThree Holy Hierarchs]], such as a together with Saints [[patriarchGregory the Theologian]] or other (Gregory Nazianzus) and [[primateJohn Chrysostom]]. Basil, releases an ecclesiastical province from Gregory the authority Theologian, and Basil's brother Saint [[Gregory of that bishop while Nyssa]] are called the newly independent church remains in [[full communionCappadocian Fathers]] with the hierarchy to which it then ceases to belong, the council or primate is granting '''autocephaly'''. Historically, however, autocephaly is not always obtained in such The [[Roman Catholic Church]] also considers him a saint and calls him a mannerDoctor of the Church.
Basil's memory is celebrated on [[January 1]]; he is also remembered on [[January 30]] with the [[Three Holy Hierarchs]]. In Greek tradition, he is supposed to visit children and give presents every [[January 1]]. This festival is also marked by the baking of Saint Basil's bread (Gr. ''Vasil&oacute;pita''), a sweetbread with a coin hidden inside.
 '''''Recently featured:''' [[Autocephaly]], [[Afterfeast]], [[Old Calendarists]], [[Orthodoxy in Australasia]], [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York]]. Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.''
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