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Bede

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The '''Venerable Bede''' (c. 672 - [[May 25]], 735) was a [[monk]] at the Northumbrian [[monastery]] of [[Saint]] Peter at Wearmouth (today part of Sunderland), and of its daughter monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern Jarrow. He is well known as an author and scholar, whose best-known work is ''[[Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum]]'' (''The Ecclesiastical History of the English People''), which gained him the title ''The Father of English History''. St. Bede wrote on many other topics, from music and musical metrics to [[scripture]] commentaries. His [[feast day]] is observed on May 25, [[May 2526|26]] , or [[May 27|27]], depending on the sources used by the calendar.
[[Image:Bede.jpg|right|thumb|325px|The Venerable Bede]]
Bede practiced the allegorical method of interpretation, and was by modern standards credulous concerning the miraculous; but in most things his good sense is conspicuous, and his kindly and broad sympathies, his love of truth and fairness, his unfeigned piety, and his devotion to the service of others combine to make him an exceedingly attractive character.
The Venerable Bede's commentaries on [[Holy Scriptures]] owed much to other patristic sources, as he often inserted long quotations from other Latin Fathers, especially [[Pope]] St. [[Gregory the Dialogist|Gregory the Great]], St. [[Augustine of Hippo]], and St. [[Jerome]]. In addition to two books of homilies on the [[Holy Gospel|Gospel]] [[pericope]]s of the [[Church calendar|liturgical year]], the great monk of Wearmouth's surviving works include verse-by-verse commentaries on the [[Acts of the Apostles]], the Seven Catholic Epistles, and [http://www.apocalyptic-theories.com/theories/bede/bede.html The Explanation of the Apocalypse]. His commentaries on the Pauline Epistles are contained in ''The Biblical Miscellany''. He also compiled St. Augustine's commentary on the Pauline Epistles into a single volume that follows their order in our present canon. His allegorical interpretations of the [[Old Testament]] survive in two works: ''On the Temple'' and [http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/bmcr/1995/95.02.14.html ''On the Tabernacle''].
Bede's writings are classed as scientific, historical, and theological. The scientific include treatises on grammar (written for his pupils), a work on natural phenomena (''De rerum natura''), and two on chronology (''De temporibus'' and ''De temporum ratione''). Bede made a new calculation of the age of the Earth and began the practice of dividing the Christian era into B.C. and A.D. Interestingly, Bede wrote that the Earth was round "like a playground ball," contrasting that with being "round like a shield."
His last work, completed on his death-bed, was a translation into Anglo-Saxon of the [[Gospel of John]].
 
==Famous Quotation==
::''"Better a stupid and unlettered brother who, working the good things he knows, merits life in Heaven than one who though being distinguished for his learning in the Scriptures, or even holding the place of a doctor, lacks the bread of love."''
::-St. Bede the Venerable
==External links==
*[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/bede-book1.html ''Ecclesiastical History of the English People''], Book 1, L.C. Jane's 1903 Temple Classics translation.
*[http://www.bedesworld.co.uk/ Bede's World: the museum of early medieval Northumbria at Jarrow]
*[http://www.bartleby.com/211/0506.html Bede’s Bede's ''Ecclesiastical History''] commentary from ''The Cambridge History of English and American Literature'', Volume I, 1907–21.
*[http://web.archive.org/web/20020611051718/www.cohums.ohio-state.edu/history/people/crisp.23/Hymns.html The Book of Hymns, Rhythms, and Various Prayers of the Venerable Bede]
*[http://www.ccel.org/ccel/bede/history.htm Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England] a revised translation with introduction, life, and notes by A. M. Sellar (from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library)
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/b/inp173.htm Icon and Story of St. Bede]
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[[ro:Beda]]
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