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The '''Septuagint''' (
a name derived from the Latin word for "seventy", also referred to as the '''LXX''') originally referred to a 3rd century B.C. translation of the [[Pentateuch]] into [[Koine Greek]]. By the time of [[Justin Martyr]] (+ c. 160), the term has come to refer to the other scriptural and related texts translated from Hebrew and Aramaic into Greek in the next century. It is the basis of the canonical [[Old Testament]] of the [[Orthodox Church]].