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Daniel William Alexander

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[[File:Daniel William Alexander.jpg|thumbnail]]
'''Daniel William Alexander''' was a Roman Catholic of African ancestry who became associated, during the nineteenth century, with the movement to establish a African Orthodox Church which led to the enlightenment of the Sub-Saharan Africans to [[Orthodox Christianity]].
Daniel William Alexander was born on [[December 23]], 1883 in Port Elizabeth , Cape Provice, of what is now the Republic of South Africa. The ancestry of his parents is uncertain. His father was a French subject apparently from Martinique in the French West Indies and his mother an African of Cuban and Javanese extraction. He was raised a Roman Catholic. His first wife was Maria Horsley.
During the [[w:Second_Boer_War|Second Anglo-Boer War]], while living in Johannesburg, he was drafted by the British to serve as a cook and went to Natal, now part of the eastern part of the Republic of South Africa. Arrested as a British spy, he was imprisoned in Pretoria before being released after the British took the city. During this period his wife died. Through assisting an Anglican priest, Father Godfrey, with a funeral, he became an Anglican and began to study for [[ordination]]. While a catechist at St. Cuthbert's Anglican Church in Pretoria, he met and married his second wife, Elizabeth, on [[August 29]], 1902. In 1914, Alexander left Pretoria and the Anglican Church and joined the Ethiopian Catholic Church in Zion that liturgically was based on Anglican services.
After the death of McGuire in late 1934, the relationship between the South African and the American churches continued to be amicable under a new patriarch in America.
In June 1937, he ordained two of his students, Philip Kiande and [[George (Gathuna) of Nitria|Arthur Gatung’u ]] as priests and two, Harrison Gachukia and Daudi Maina, as deacons and returned to South Africa. In 1941, the African Orthodox Church in South Africa received government recognition.
In 1960, two bishops from the American branch of the AOC, including AOC Patriarch James I, were invited to South Africa by Alexander, now 78 years old, to consecrate two new bishops to provide for an established succession. Shortly after the consecration, James I requested Alexander's resignation, which he refused to do. While in dispute, James and his bishop Motsepe died. Although Alexander apparently reconciled with the new AOC patriarch, Peter IV, Alexander was [[deposition|deposed]] in 1963.

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