'''Priestly Old Believers''' or '''Popovtsy''' are those [[Old Believers]] who in principle consider such [[church]]es who have adopted the ritual observations rejected by the Old Believers to be heretics, but not necessarily apostate. All Old Believers consider the practices of the post-Nikonitan Russian Church and other similar churches to have a ritual observance alien to what they consider truly Orthodox. However, the Popovtsy do consider it possible to receive "new ritualists" with [[chrism|myrrhon]], since Popovtsy discern between apostates and heretics. As a consequence of the fact that some [[priest]]s never accepted the ritual changes and had kept myrrhon consecrated before the schism, which could be mixed with olive oil, the Popovtsy received Nikonians (followers Patriarch Nikon) with myrrhon and sometimes also got the opportunity to receive priests and finally also, like in the example of, Metropolitan
[[Ambrosii of Belo-Krinitsa ]], (known as [[[[Ambrosii of Belaya Krinitsa]] by Old Believers) was able to re-establish an episcopal hierarchy.
Popovtsy do, up to this day, receive Nikonitans who have been properly [[baptism|baptized]] with myrrhon, whereas the [[Bespopovtsy|priestless]] always baptize [[conversion|converts]] including Popovtsy.