The '''Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America''' is the largest and oldest [[Old Calendarist]] church in North America.
== Introduction ==
In 1951, [[Archimandrite]] [[Petros (Astyfides)]] arrived in New York at the invitation of [[Arsenios Saltas]], whom he understood to be the Greek Old Calendarist [[bishop]] of America. Soon learning that this was not the case, Archimandrite Petros resolved to return to Greece. However, a number of Greek Old Calendarist families in Queens persuaded him to begin services for them, and by 1954 [[Saint Markella's Cathedral]] was established.
Archimandrite Petros began to gather various independent parishes until a diocese was formed. During this time, he was under the [[Metropolia]] and then the [[ROCOR]]. Two ROCOR bishops, [http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/synod/engdocuments/enart_archbpseraphimmemory15yrs.html| Seraphim (Svezhevsky) of Caracas] and [http://www.rocorstudies.org/
infocus/ 2011/ 11/ 02/ infocus_232/| Leonty (Filippovich) of Chile], [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] him to the episcopacy in November 1962 as Bishop of Astoria. This consecration was initially considered irregular, as it was done in secret. However, in 1969 the ROCOR Synod ruled to recognize this act as well as the restoration of the episcopacy of the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of Greece performed earlier by ROCOR hierarchs. At this time, Bishop Petros of Astoria joined with the Synod in Greece officially.
== Dispute over Grace ==
In February 2006, Metropolitan Pavlos suffered a stroke and was temporarily incapacitated. Archbishop Chrysostom II of Athens was appointed provisional administrator of the Holy Metropolis of America. After substantially recovering, Metropolitan Pavlos was restored as full ruling hierarch of the Holy Metropolis in 2007.
== Progress toward Old Calendar Unity ==
In 2011, Metropolitan Moses of Portland and Bishop Sergios of Loch Lomond from the [[Holy Orthodox Church in North America]] were received into the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America, along with several HOCNA parishes and clergy from both the United States and Canada. In 2012, Bishop Demetrios of Carlisle from the [[Holy Orthodox Church in North America]], along with many parishes and clergy, and along with over half the monastics from Holy Transfiguration Monastery in Brookline, MA, were received by the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America, with Bishop Demetrios being given the title Bishop of Boston .
== Diocesan and Parish Organization ==
In 2002, the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece|Holy Synod of Greece]] granted the Metropolis of America the status of a semi-autonomous eparchy, which included the establishment of an Eparchial Synod along with a local Ecclesiastical Tribunal. The Eparchy of America is comprised of two Metropoleis (America and Toronto) and two Dioceses (Boston and Portland), whose ruling hierarchs are suffragans of the Metropolitan of America based in New York City. Currently there are
30 parishes and 4 monastic communities in the U.S, and 6 parish and 2 monasteries in Canada.
*Metropolitan Pavlos of America
*Metropolitan Moses of Toronto
Sergius of Portland
*Bishop Christodoulos of Theoupolis
Demetrios of Boston
== Source and external link ==
[[Category:Old Calendarist Jurisdictions]]