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Living Church

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The new patriarch, Tikhon, had an independent approach toward the communist regime that had overthrown the provisional government. Under the official pretext that there was starvation in large sections of the country, the government in 1922 decided to confiscate all church valuables. The patriarch cooperated, but insisted on control of some church property such as the sacred vessels, and other liturgical items. For this, Patriarch Tikhon was placed under house arrest and the offices of the patriarchate were closed.
A group of [[priest]]s including [[Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky|Alexander Vvedensky]] and [[Vladimir Krasnitsky]], organized a ''Temporary Higher Church Administration'', which turned into a group aimed at deposing the patriarch and introducing radical church reforms. Some [[bishop]]s supported the ''Temporary Administration'', but mostly the support came from married clergy who were excluded from the [[Bishop|episcopacy]] by [[canon law]], progressive intellectuals, and the government.
The Renovated Church [[deposition|deposed]] Patriarch Tikhon at one of its councils, and reestablished the [[Holy Synod]] (originally proclaimed by Peter the Great in 1721 to replace the patriarchate) to rule the church. It introduced controversial reforms to the episcopate and to the liturgy.
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