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Nicholas (Yarushevich) of Krutitsy

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[[File:Nicholas (Yarushevich).JPG|right|thumb|Metropolitan Nicholas (Yarushevich).]]'''Metropolitan Nicholas''' ({{lang-ru|Митрополит Николай}}, born as decular name '''Boris Dorofeyevich Yarushevich''' (, {{lang-ru|Борис Дорофеевич Ярушевич}}; [[January 13]], 1892 <small>(December 31, 1891 [[wikipedia:Old Style and New Style dates|OS]])</small>, [[wikipedia:Kaunas|Kovno]] – [[December 13]], 1961, [[wikipedia:Moscow|Moscow]]), was a [[bishop]] of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]]. {{stub}}
He supported the controversial 1927 declaration of [[Sergius (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Metropolitan Sergius]], pledging loyalty of the Church to the Soviet authorities without concurrence of the imprisoned Patriarchal ''locum tenens'', [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy]], and Sergius' subsequent collaboration with them.
On [[September 4]], 1943, together with Metropolitan Sergius and Metropolitan [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexius]], Nicholas had a meeting with Soviet leader [[wikipedia:Joseph Stalin|Joseph Stalin]], where the latter proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchate and elect the [[Patriarch]]. On [[September 8]], 1943, when the Moscow Patriarchate was reestablished, Nikolay became a permanent member of the [[Holy Synod]]. In 1944 he was appointed Metropolian of [[wikipedia:Krutitsy|Krutitsy]]. In 1946, when the External Church Relations Department was established within the Patriarchate, Metropolitan Nikolay became its chairman. In 1947 he became Metropolitan of Krutitsy and [[wikipedia:Kolomna|Kolomna]].
In 1950 he became a member of the [[w:World Peace Council|World Peace Council]], occupying a staunchly pro-Soviet position.<ref name="times">[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,805739,00.html Time, March 5, 1951]</ref>
Nikolay held Joseph Stalin in high esteem. However, his increasingly open opposition to [[atheism]] put him at odds with the Soviet leadership under [[wikipedia:Nikita Khrushchev|Nikita Khrushchev]]. In 1960 he was dismissed from the position of the Chairman of the External Church Relations Department and later left the position of Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.
 
==Reference==
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{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=?- |title=Metropolitan Archbishop of VolhyniaPeterhof|years=19411922&mdash;19421940|after=?Marcel (Vetrov) }}
{{succession|
before=?[[Alexius (Gromadsky) of Volhynia|Alexius (Gromadsky)]] |title= Metropolitan of KievVolhynia and Lutsk|years=1940&mdash;1942-1944|after=?[[Alexius (Gromadsky) of Volhynia|Alexius (Gromadsky)]] }}
{{succession|
before=?|
title=Metropolitan of Kiev and Galiсia|years = 1942-1944|after = [[John (Sokolov) of Kiev|John (Sokolov)]]}}{{succession|before= [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy|Peter (Polyansky)]]|title=Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna|
years=1944-1960|
after=?Pitirim (Sviridov)}}
{{end box}}
 
==Reference==
<references/>
 
==External Links==
* {{ru icon}} [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B9_(%D0%AF%D1%80%D1%83%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87) Николай (Ярушевич)]. Russian Wikipedia.
[[Category: Bishops]]

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