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Nicholas (Yarushevich) of Krutitsy

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[[File:Nicholas (Yarushevich).JPG|right|thumb|Metropolitan Nicholas (Yarushevich).]]'''Metropolitan Nicholas''' ({{lang-ru|Митрополит Николай}}, born as decular name '''Boris Dorofeyevich Yarushevich''' (, {{lang-ru|Борис Дорофеевич Ярушевич}}; Juanuary [[January 13]], 1892 <small>(December 31, 1891 [[wikipedia:Old Style and New Style dates|OS]])</small>, [[wikipedia:Kaunas|Kovno]] – [[December 13]], 1961, [[wikipedia:Moscow|Moscow]]), was a [[bishop ]] of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]].
He supported the controversial 1927 declaration of [[Sergius (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Metropolitan Sergius]], pledging loyalty of the Church to the Soviet authorities without concurrence of the imprisoned Patriarchal ''locum tenens'', [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy]], and Sergius' subsequent collaboration with them.
In 1941 he became Metropolitan of [[wikipedia:Volhynia|Volhynia]] and [[wikipedia:Lutsk|Lutsk]] and later, after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Metropolitan of [[wikipedia:|Kiev]] and [[wikipedia:Galicia (Central Europe)|Galicia]]. Later, as the German troops advanced, he was evacuated to Moscow.
On [[September 4]], 1943, together with Metropolitan Sergius and Metropolitan [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexius]], Nicholas had a meeting with Soviet leader [[wikipedia:Joseph Stalin|Joseph Stalin]], where the latter proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchate and elect the [[Patriarch of Moscow|Patriarch]]. On [[September 8]], 1943, when the Moscow Patriarchate was reestablished, Nikolay became a permanent member of the [[Holy Synod]]. In 1944 he was appointed Metropolian of [[wikipedia:Krutitsy|Krutitsy]]. In 1946, when the External Church Relations Department was established within the Patriarchate, Metropolitan Nikolay became its chairman. In 1947 he became Meptropolitan Metropolitan of Krutitsy and [[wikipedia:Kolomna|Kolomna]].
In 1950 he became a member of the [[w:World Peace Council|World Peace Council]], occupying a staunchly pro-Soviet position.<ref name="times">[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,805739,00.html Time, March 5, 1951]</ref>
Nikolay held Joseph Stalin in high esteem. However, his increasingly open opposition to [[atheism]] put him at odds with the Soviet leadership under [[wikipedia:Nikita Khrushchev|Nikita Khrushchev]]. In 1960 he was dismissed from the position of the Chairman of the External Church Relations Department and later left the position of Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.
{{stubstart box}}{{succession|before = - |title = Archbishop of Peterhof|years = 1922&mdash;1940|after = Marcel (Vetrov) }}{{succession|before = [[Alexius (Gromadsky) of Volhynia|Alexius (Gromadsky)]] |title = Metropolitan of Volhynia and Lutsk|years = 1940&mdash;1942|after = [[Alexius (Gromadsky) of Volhynia|Alexius (Gromadsky)]] }}{{succession|before=?|title = Metropolitan of Kiev and Galiсia|years = 1942-1944|after = [[John (Sokolov) of Kiev|John (Sokolov)]]}}{{succession|before= [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy|Peter (Polyansky)]]|title=Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna|years=1944-1960|after= Pitirim (Sviridov)}}{{end box}}  ==Reference==<references/> ==External Links==* {{ru icon}} [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B9_(%D0%AF%D1%80%D1%83%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87) Николай (Ярушевич)]. Russian Wikipedia. [[Category: Bishops]][[Category: Bishops of Volhynia]][[Category: Bishops of Kiev]][[Category: Bishops of Krutitsy]][[Category:20th-century bishops]]

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